Belgian Congo general election, 1960

Belgian Congo general election, 1960

In order to create political institutions to govern the country after its independence from Belgium on June 30 1960, elections were held in Belgian Congo in May 1960.

A national Chamber of Representatives (137 members) was elected directly (only by males). In 26 districts, list-PR was used to distribute seats between lists and, within lists, seats were given to the candidates with the most personal votes.Six Provincial Assemblies (60, 70 or 90 members) were elected in the same manner, although their districts were smaller. In addition, 7 to 11 "customary chiefs and notables" were coopted (single non transferable vote)Every provincial assembly elected 14 senators: 3 to 5 among the "customary chiefs and notables" (single non transferable vote) and the rest by list-PR.The national president was elected in a common session of Chamber and Senate (2/3 majority).The national government was appointed by the president, but the first government was appointed by the Belgian king. It had to obtain the confidence of Chamber and Senate.The president (by majority) and 10 other members (single non transferable vote) of the provincial governments were elected by the provincial assemblies.

Only the two biggest parties presented themselves in more than one province:
*The MNC-L (Patrice Lumumba) had won the elections: with about a quarter of the seats it ended first. It obtained a majority in the Eastern province.
*The PNP, although second, was defeated as national party by the MNC-L. It was the favourite of the Belgians ("parti des nègres payés", "party of paid negroes").Every other party was based in only one province; their strongholds followed ethnic divisions:
*In the province of Léopoldville, PSA (Antoine Gizenga) narrowly defeated ABAKO (Joseph Kasa-Vubu).
*In the province of Katanga, CONAKAT (Moise Tshombé) narrowly defeated BALUBAKAT (Jason Sendwe).
*In the province of Kivu, CEREA (Anicet Kashamura) won but didn't obtain a majority; MNC-L came second.
*In the province of Kasaï, MNC-L and MNC-K (Albert Kalonji, Joseph Iléo and Cyrille Adoula) fought a duel over the first place. MNC-L could count on two smaller parties (UNC and COAKA).
*In the Eastern province, MNC-L won a clear majority; the PNP was its only adversairy.
*In the province of the Equator, parties were very weak, but PUNA (Jean Bolikango) and UNIMO (Justin Bomboko) could be called the local parties.

In the national parliament, Lumumba could count on a coalition of (in order of loyalty) MNC-L, UNC and COAKA (Kasaï), CEREA (Kivu), PSA (Léopoldville) and BALUBAKAT (Katanga). It was opposed by PNP, MNC-K (Kasaï), ABAKO (Léopoldville), CONAKAT (Katanga), PUNA and UNIMO (Equator) and RECO (Kivu).

As part of a deal, on June 24 1960, Kasa-Vubu was elected president and the Lumumba government obtained the confidence of Chamber and Senate.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Congo Crisis — For other events that might be called the Congo crisis , see Congo Civil War (disambiguation). Congo Crisis Part of the Cold War and the Congo conflicts …   Wikipedia

  • List of Democratic Republic of the Congo-related articles — The Democratic Republic of the Congo ( fr. République démocratique du Congo), often referred to as DR Congo, DRC or RDC, and formerly known or referred to as Congo Free State, Belgian Congo, Congo Léopoldville, Congo Kinshasa, and Zaire (or Zaïre …   Wikipedia

  • congo — /kong goh/, n. congou. * * * Congo Congo:Geography Location: Western Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and Gabon Map references: Africa Area: total area: 342,000 sq km land area: 341,500 sq km comparative area: slightly… …   Universalium

  • Congo — /kong goh/, n. 1. People s Republic of the, a republic in central Africa, W of the Democratic Republic of the Congo: formerly an overseas territory in French Equatorial Africa; now an independent member of the French Community. 2,583,198; 132,046 …   Universalium

  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the — known as Congo (Kinshasa) formerly (1971–97) Republic of Zaire (1960–71) Congo (1908–60) Belgian Congo (1885–1908) Congo Free State Country, central Africa. Area: 905,356 sq mi (2,344,872 sq km). Population (2002 est.): 46,674,000. Capital:… …   Universalium

  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Congo, Democratic Republic of the <p></p> Background: <p></p> Established as a Belgian colony in 1908, the then Republic of the Congo gained its independence in 1960,… …   The World Factbook

  • 1960 — This article is about the year 1960. Millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 19th century – 20th century – 21st century Decades: 1930s  1940s  1950s  – 1960s –  1970s   …   Wikipedia

  • November 1960 — January – February – March – April – May – June – July – August – September – October – November – December The following events occurred in November 1960. Contents 1 November 1, 1960 (Tuesday) 2 November 2, 1960 (Wednesday) …   Wikipedia

  • Democratic Republic of the Congo — Not to be confused with the neighbouring Republic of the Congo. Coordinates: 2°52′48″S 23°39′22″E / 2.88°S 23.656°E / 2 …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Democratic Republic of the Congo — History of the DRC Early history The area now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo was populated as early as 10,000 years ago and settled in the 7th and 8th centuries A.D. by Bantus from present day Nigeria. During its history the area… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”