- Cannonball (comics)
caption=Cannonball from the cover of "X-Men" #201.
real_name=Samuel "Sam" Zachary Guthrie
debut="Marvel Graphic Novel" #4: "The New Mutants" (1982)
X-Men New Mutants X-Force X-Corporation X-Treme X-MenXSE Mutant Liberation FrontHellions Hellfire Club
Ability to release thermochemical energy
While in flight:
Superhuman physical resistance
Impossible to stop|
Cannonball (Samuel Zachary Guthrie) is a fictional
Marvel Comics superhero, associated with the X-Men. Created by writer Chris Claremontand artist Bob McLeod, he first appeared in "Marvel Graphic Novel" #4: "The New Mutants" ( 1982).
Cannonball is a mutant who possesses the ability to fly at jet speeds while encased in an invulnerable force field. The eldest of a large
Kentucky coal miningfamily, Cannonball is one of few X-Men from a southern, ruralbackground and has maintained the values of civility, hard work, and a strong commitment to his beliefs throughout his career as a superhero. Several of his siblings are also mutants and have joined X-Men-related teams, including his sisters, Paige and Melody, and brothers Jay and Jeb. Other siblings include a brother named Lewis, and sisters Joelle and Elizabeth.
Cannonball was a founding member of the X-Men's junior team The New Mutants. He joined The New Mutants' later incarnation
X-Force, serving as second-in-command and field leader. He joined the X-Men, becoming the first member of a secondary team to "graduate." His tenure was complicated by clashes with superiors and he eventually rejoined X-Force. He is currently a member of Sunspot's Brotherhood
A "salt-of-the-earth", honest, well-mannered and responsible young man, Guthrie is a natural leader. Guthrie is a fan of science fiction, especially the works of
Robert A. Heinlein.
Fictional character biography
Sam Guthrie was born in
Cumberland, Kentucky. As a young boy, he attempted to help out his family, by working in a coal mine, after the death of his coal miner father. Given the dangerous nature of this work, Sam found himself trapped in a collapsing mine shaft. While trying to rescue his fellow worker, a friend of his father's who had introduced him to the job, Sam subconsciously activated his mutant ability and used it to escape with him. This incident led to Sam being found by Donald Pierce, who hired him as a mercenary for the Hellfire Club, and used him in a plot to attack the New Mutants. Sam eventually came to his senses and turned against Pierce. Professor Charles Xavier saw the good qualities inside Sam and asked him to join his New Mutants. Cannonball left his large farming family in Kentuckyto join the team. ["Marvel Graphic Novel" #4: "The New Mutants"]
As part of the New Mutants, Sam formed close friendships with his teammates, Sunspot and Wolfsbane. Sam had an ongoing rivalry with Psyche as the two acted as the team co-leaders. He also supervised other teammates, including Magik, Karma, Cypher, Magma, and Warlock.
Professor X was under the control of the menacing alien race the Brood when he formed the New Mutants, intending the youths to be hosts for Brood embryos, but the X-Men returned and set matters straight. ["Uncanny X-Men" #167]
Early on in his career with the team, Cannonball visits Nova Roma and meets Magma. ["New Mutants" #9-11] With the team, he soon encounters the Hellions for the first time. ["New Mutants" #16-17] They later battle the Gladiators. ["New Mutants" #29-31] They next encounter Amahl Farouk, the
Shadow Kingfor the first time. ["New Mutants" #32-34] Sam also dates Firestar. ["Firestar" #2]
Cannonball saves the life of international rock star
Lila Cheney, whom he became romantically involved with. Due to the nature of Lila's career, their relationship went slowly. Cannonball helped lead the team through many adventures, which took them across time and space, from ancient Scotlandto other galaxies, even back home to Kentucky. There, he teams up with long-time X-Man Dazzlerand his own brother Jay to save Lila's life. ["New Mutants Annual" #1]
He then encounters
Spider-Man, and teams up with him against the Incandescent Man. ["Marvel Team-Up" #149]
At behest of the Norse God Loki, the Enchantress is sent to kidnap the X-Men. Based on the New Mutants being with Storm, they are taken by mistake. Magik creates a teleportation portal but interference with the Enchantress' own spells sends the New Mutants bouncing through time and space in the Asgardian realm. Sam wanders the tunnels far below the land. He is not sure how much time has passed, days, weeks, before he encounters a group dwarves being attacked by Malekith's warriors. He helps them, saving the life of Kindra, daughter of
Eitri, ruler of the dwarves. He takes a spearin the back during this and the dwarves nurse him back to health. He develops an affection towards Kindra herself. He saves them again when Magma, ensnared and changed by other evil magics in the Asgardian realm, leads more of Malekith's forces against the dwarves. Again thankful, the dwarves manage to give Magma her mind back but not her rightful form. The team makes it back to Earth with the help of the X-Men(and Magma regains her rightful body). ["New Mutants Special Edition"]
Sam and the New Mutants had to take the lead against the senior X-Men team when the X-Men were regressed in age, body, and mind [X-Men Annual #10] by Mojo. Sam was forced to fight
Longshot, a confrontation in which he lost badly.
The New Mutants found themselves under the guidance of Magneto at the behest of Professor Xavier. Magneto's heavy handed leadership did not sit well with the team, and Cannonball began to display a measure of independence and rebellion against authority. These traits would grow stronger as he matured.
The ancient entity, the
Beyonder, encounters the New Mutants, and in his curiosity, kills them. They are resurrected by the Beyonder soon after but this trauma leaves the team deeply shaken. For a time they go with Emma Frost, to her Massachusetts Academy to join the Hellions. ["New Mutants" #39] They eventually recover from the trauma, especially after a fight with the Avengers, in which they are forced to rescue Warlock and Magneto. ["New Mutants" #40]
Over time with the New Mutants, Sam develops a brotherly affection for Rahne. He remains oblivious for some time that Rahne harbors much deeper feelings for him.
They worked with the
Power Packwhen the latter group needed help dealing with a team of minor demons. Sam leads the group in chasing the Impossible Manaround the world, who had gotten into a potentially deadly one-upmanship competition with Warlock. Sam even meets (and fights) his older self when an alternate future version of the team travels to his time. This adventure is erased out of his mind by the future version of his friend Karma. ["New Mutants" #42]
Sam meets with Lila again. A jealous admirer of Lila drugs Sam, intending to kill him. ["New Mutants" #55] The resulting fight leads to the accidental release of the creature
Bird-Brainwho would join the team for a while. Unfortunately for the team, taking Bird-Brain back to his island home ends with the shooting death of Douglas Ramsey by the Ani-Mator, Bird Brain's creator.
The team also battles
Cameron Hodgeand the Right. ["New Mutants" #60-61]
Defying Magneto, the team sneaks out to another Lila Cheney concert. They are swept up in a kidnapping of Lila and dealings with the powerful entity known as
Gosamyr. In preventing Gosamyr's relatives from endangering innocent lives, Lila seemingly dies. ["New Mutants" #67-70]
Returning to Earth, the team got caught in the events of Inferno. They team up with the
X-Terminatorswho would eventually merge into their team. They help neutralize the demonic invasion plan by rescuing kidnapped infants high above New York City. ["New Mutants" #71-73] One of the new members, Boom Boom, soon became a primary romantic interest. The New Mutants fight the Hellfire Club on the remains of the X-Mansion, formally rejecting Magneto's leadership.
Danielle's adventures in Asgard, most of which took place while Sam had been healing, involved her rescuing Brightwind, one of the horses ridden by the Valkyrie. Brightwind chose her as her new rider, granting her Valkyrie powers. This leads to the team being involved with the realm once again. The death goddess Hela managed to overwhelm all the Valkyries, including Danielle. With behind-the-scenes assistance from
Doctor Strange, the team heads to Asgard yet again. Sam's feelings for Kindra get the team in trouble. When he sees her being threatened, he rashly rushes out to save her and all the New Mutants are captured by Hela's forces. The group is split up but Sam manages to lead his half safely through many dangers, later reuniting with his friends. They manage to save Odin, who was vulnerable, from a murder attempt. ["New Mutants" #77-80, 82-85]
Soon after returning to Earth, the team first encounters Cable. ["New Mutants" #87] They then assist Cable in fighting the
Mutant Liberation Front. ["New Mutants" #93-94]
Wolfsbane, Warlock, Rictor, and Tabitha are kidnapped from the grounds of the
X-Mansionby Genoshan forces under the control of Cameron Hodge. Warlock soon perishes, murdered by Hodge in an attempt to get his powers. Sam joins the X-Men on a rescue mission and Genosha's government is toppled. Rahne stays behind to help the fellow victims of Genosha's regime. ["New Mutants" #95-97]
Cannonball and the other New Mutants left the X-Men's supervision, ["New Mutants" #100] and joined forces with the mysterious Cable to become the hard-edged
X-Force. ["X-Force" #1] Cable named Cannonball Second-In-Command and field leader of the team. It was early during this time that Sam was impaled and killed by the mutant Sauron during a clash with an incarnation of the Brotherhood of Mutants. However, only a few minutes later, he had healed and returned to life. Cable revealed the he had chosen Sam to lead the New Mutants initially because he suspected Cannonball to be an External - a particularly rare type of mutant who is virtually immortal. Cable had come to train Sam to fight Apocalypse, another External who, in Cable's future time, had conquered the world. Many other Externals, such as Saul and Gideon, also came to believe Sam was one of them. It was also around this time that Sam's sister, Husk, was revealed to have mutant powers.
Though Cable did not stay with the team consistently, he and Sam developed a deep father-son type relationship.
Cannonball's existence as an External was disputed by Selene, who once claimed that he was not an External. However, she is not a particularly trustworthy source and no alternate explanation has been given for his surviving the wounds Sauron had inflicted. His immortality was later brought up as the reason he survived 3 gunshot wounds to the chest ["
New X-Men" #27] , so his status as an External hasn't been completely forgotten by Marvel writers.
Sam's time in X-Force was not easy, as he was considered 'out of line' by the X-Men and X-Force were considered outright criminals by
S.H.I.E.L.D.This even devolved into a fight between a S.H.I.E.L.D. team led by Nick Furyand supported by veteran superhero War Machine. [X-Force vol. 1 #20]
Some time later, Sam and his friends had the unique experience of meeting their younger selves. [New Mutants: Truth or Dare #1-3]
In the mid 1990s, X-Force reestablished ties with the
X-Men. Sam later officially accepts an invitation to join the X-Men. ["X-Men" #44] Initially, Sam is excited, this having been his dream since first arriving at Xavier's school. During this time, he was also a supporting character in Wolverine's own comic. During this time, Sam becomes unsure of himself and his abilities. He privately expresses doubts about his abillities to Iceman, causing the veteran X-Man much discomfort. Sam battles the head of the Shi'arImperial Guard, Gladiator [Uncanny X-Men 341] to a standstill, despite being overpowered, thus facing his doubts about his abilities, only to be left behind as the rest of the X-Men were taken into space to save the Shi'ar empire. This led Sam to again question his place on the X-Men.
During his time with X-Men, Cannonball found his relationship with Tabitha strained. It was so strained she turned to Sam's best friend, Sunspot, for "support". Sam returned to the X-Men, for a brief period until he left the team to help his ailing mother. During his time with the X-Men, he also infiltrated the presidential campaign of anti-mutant candidate
Graydon Creed, using the alias "Samson Guthry". Despite the rather transparent alias, Sam was able to remain undetected until Creed was assassinated on the eve of the election.
Sam was there when the mutant entity Onslaught erupted from Xavier's mind. The entity, before attacking, had enjoyed several minutes of tearing apart Sam psychologically.
Cannonball rejoined X-Force, now independent of Cable and operating in San Francisco. Cannonball eventually became team leader again, after the injuries sustained by
Siryn. The team eventually found a new mentor, by the name of Pete Wisdom, who introduced the team to the world of espionage. During this time, Sam and Tabitha had gotten back together. After Wisdom's alleged death, Sam led the team again and attempted to continue Wisdom's crusade.
Sam even came to care about trademark issues, as he and his allies confronted another version of X-Force. ["X-Force" vol. 1 #117]
Eventually, Sam and other members of X-Force have to fake their deaths.
After X-Force’s dissolution, Cannonball joined several of his former teammates and former members of X-Force and Generation X, in the Paris, France branch, of Professor X's international mutant task force
X-Corporation. His time with the X-Corporation wasn't a pleasant one. En route to a mission, later found to involve the Weapon Plusprogram, his teammate Darkstar poked fun at him for eating a sandwich that would have rather distasteful consequences for "everybody who went out without an umbrella in downtown Beauvais." This moment of levity at Cannonball's expense did not last, as on that same mission, Darkstar died. At the funeral of Darkstar, Xavier gave Cannonball a note, with the whereabouts of Lila Cheney. Sam decided to take time away from the X-Corporation, as the strain of his life began to get to him. He worked for a time cleaning up damages to the France-England tunnel, AKA the Chunnel, which was partially destroyed in the very same mission which killed Darkstar.
Return back to basics
While away, Sam rekindled his romantic relationship with Lila Cheney for a time. Sam couldn't find peace with his life so he was asked by Storm to join her
X-Treme X-Men, a group of X-Men operating outside of Professor X's leadership. For a time, he even was partnered with his old friend Wolverine during an adventure where they pursued long time X-Man foe William Stryker. Sam also found himself having a reunion of sorts with former teammates, Sunspot and Magma. He and his teammates rejoined the central X-Men, after the events of . Sam is injured on a mission and once again decided to break for some peace. He uses the time to work on his own farm, which he had bought with his X-Corporation paychecks. While on the farm, Sam found himself teaming up again with Cable and reformed X-Force against the threat of the Skornn.
Sam and former X-Force teammate,
Siryn, went in search of Cable with the mercenaryDeadpool, who could track the missing man via a unique teleportation bond the two shared. Deadpool derisively refers to Sam as "Cannonballs". [" Cable & Deadpool"]
Sam has once more joined the active roster of the X-Men, whose team is co-led by Nightcrawler and Bishop. For a while he literally and figuratively watches over the younger, more carefree students at the X-Mansion. He also functions as a member of the XSE. He has already participated in helping and fighting the
Shi'arDeath Commandos. He soon suffers the death of his brother Jay, who is killed by William Stryker. In the first part of "The First Foursaken" story arc, Cannonball went with the X-Men to Central Park, where they fight the Foursaken, who then capture the X-Men and sent them elsewhere. After escaping, Cannonball accompanies the X-Men to Africa to help Storm assist mutant refugees.
Cannonball serves on Rogue's team of X-Men. [X-Men vol. 2 #188] After defeating the
Children of the Vault, Rogue announced the departure of her team from the mansion. Sam explained his personal feelings about leaving to Cyclops, saying that he felt he needed to leave because his brother Jay's death and said that every time he walks through the door, he felt he was stepping on Jay's grave.
After the team fights the Hecatomb and Rogue suffers a severe mental injury, the team decide to rest in Rogue's childhood home, but are betrayed and attacked by the Marauders who are on a mission to retrieve Destiny's Diaries. It was revealed that Mystique is an accomplice of the Marauders. After the surprise blitz,
Emma Frost(who trying to help Rogue), was disabled by a neurotoxinbut was able to upload everything she picked out of what was at the edges of the Marauders' psi-shielding into Sam's mind and takes limited possession over his body, causing him to flee (unwillingly) from the battle with Iceman. Aboard the Blackbird, the two are engaged in midair by Sunfire, who cripples the jet. Cannonball manages to escape and battle Shiro, who reveals that he killed Cable. Cannonball shakes it off, explaining that it "wouldn't matter who told me that, ah'd still be sayin' 'show me the body.'"
Sam and Iceman, telepathically prompted by Emma Frost, attempted to recover the Destiny Diaries which are hidden in a dilapidated brewery ["X-Men" vol. 2 #203] . The Marauder's master,
Mister Sinister, used a reverse engineered version of Xavier's Cerebroto track the pair of X-Men to the brewery. The Marauders attacked Sam and Iceman and overtook them. After the battle, Sinister attempted to telepathically erase Sam's mind so that the X-Men would find him as an empty shell. This would serve as a lesson to them and to the Marauders as well. However, Sinister was distracted by Iceman, allowing Sam to activate his power to rocket his way out of the brewery and escape. Iceman was also able to escape, but it was revealed that Sam, who crashed through one of the brewery's walls, was seriously injured. It was discovered that his blast field, which protects him from concussive impact when he uses his power, was not working properly. As a result, Sam received compound fractures of the upper and lower legs, a broken collar bone, and other injuries.
Sam lies unconscious in the X-Mansion's infirmary ["X-Men" vol. 2 #204] . Dr. Henry McCoy attends to his injuries and evaluates his condition. He notes that Sam's brain scan indicates sluggish and non-continuous activity. However, at the end of the issue, Sam is shown conscious, alert, and speaking clearly to Iceman. He quickly recovers and is capable of taking part in the final fight against the Marauders. ["X-Men" vol. 2 #207] It has yet to be seen if he has suffered any lingering mental effects from his ordeal at the hands of Mr. Sinister.
Divided We Stand & Manifest Destiny
After Cyclops disbands the X-Men, Cannonball goes home. Paige picks him up at the airport, extremely happy to have him back with the family - she tells him he's lucky they're not all there to mob him. Sam is moody and withdrawn, and as they drive, he asks Paige to stop at a local bar. As soon as he walks in, the local men begin to glare at him, and the bartender asks him not to start anything. Paige knows that Sam came to the bar for a fight, as it's filled with members of the Cabot family. Soon the Cabots confront Sam, and he pushes them to attack him, which they happily do. Paige refuses to participate, and Sam defeats all four men alone. She demands to know what's wrong with him, and he angrily blasts off into the sky, saying he should have never come home.
Sam is soon called by Cyclops, informing him that the X-Men are reforming and establishing themselves now in San Francisco. Sam agrees to join this new team. He arrives in San Francisco just as Magneto is attacking the city with a group of antique Sentinels. Sam manages to plow into Magneto, disarming his artificial magnetism suit, and allowing the X-Men the upper hand in the battle. Unfortunately, Magneto still manages to escape.
The New Brotherhood of Mutants
After , the X-Men were disassembled, including the
New X-Men. A new comic book, " Young X-Men" finds the newly formed Young X-Men team faced with a new incarnation of the Brotherhood of Mutants. An ominous clue as to the identity of the new Brotherhood of Mutants suggests that the new Brotherhood may not be "new" and that they are led by the new Lord Imperial of the Hellfire Club. In the first issue of "Young X-Men," the last page reveals Sunspot, Magma, Moonstar, and Cannonball as members. The hint alludes to the fact that the New Brotherhood were also once New Mutants. However this was only a ruse of Donald Pierce who had disguised himself as Cyclops and gathered the Young X-Men for his own ends.
Sam is seen working alongside Armor and Colossus when the Skrulls invade San Francisco.issue
Powers and abilities
Cannonball is a mutant that possesses the ability to bodily generate thermo-chemical energy and release it from his skin. This energy is used as thrust to cause his body to be propelled through the air like a rocket, at great heights and speeds with considerable maneuverability. He can control his speed and direction through sheer act of will. At first he could only release this energy from his feet and legs, but now he can fire it from almost any part of his body, to a wide variety of effects. This energy also manifests itself as an impenetrable and virtually indestructible "blast field" that protects him from bodily harm. He can use this blast-field for the following effects: to function as a personal shield or extending it to encompass others, to shape the field around another person to imprison them, or to absorb outside kinetic impact into his own energy supply, enabling him to increase the bludgeoning power of his blows or to create explosive shock waves upon impact.
His power levels have varied over the years - but at his peak, he has been able to devastate several city blocks by plummeting to the ground from high altitude, as well as withstand (and redirect) the force of one of Gladiator's strongest punches.
He may also be a member of the immortal mutant group the
Externals, due to his apparent ability to return to life after death. This however is highly disputed.
Age of Apocalypse
Age of Apocalypse, the Guthrie family was eliminated during the Cullings, with only Sam, Paige, Elisabeth, and Joshua being spared due to their mutant status. They were approached by Mister Sinister, who offered them the chance to become part of his Elite Mutant Force. Sam took on the alias Cannonball and became a member of the EMF alongside his sister, Elisabeth, a.k.a. "Amazon". He and his sister were particularly violent towards the prisoners of Sinister's breeding pens, as was their superior Havok, whom Cannonball was loyal to. When the Elite Mutant Force was taken over by Havok due to Prelate Cyclops' betrayal, Cannonball fought the Bedlam brothers, who sided with the older Summers brother. Cannonball and Amazon survived and eventually reunited with Husk and Icarus, and together they set out to fulfill Husk's revenge against the X-Men for Generation Nexts' abandonment of her in the Core.
In the ongoing Cable series, set in 2043, an older Cannonball arrives when Cable is badly hurt and unable to time travel. Solicitations of the comics refer to Cannonball as Cable's "old war buddy." Cannonball implies that he, Cable, Bishop, and the baby are the last living mutants, and that he found him with
Cerebra, which was rigged for non-psychics to use after the last psychic died. Cannonball allows Cable to escape with the child, opting to stay and distract Bishop. Bishop pleads with Sam not to fight, but Cannonball persists, harboring a decades-long grudge against the traitorous former X-Man, and Bishop is forced to kill him using a claw-like tentacle from his bionic arm to rip out Guthrie's heart. As Cannonball dies he asks Bishop why, to which Bishop responds, "To save you". [Cable #4]
House of M
*Cannonball had no
House of Mcounterpart because he was traveling through realities with Sirynand Deadpool when the change wave occurred. However, Wolverine did beat up a young blond man for his motorbike, which was called the 'Cannonball X'.
In "Ultimate Fantastic Four" #23, Sam, wearing his yellow and black New Mutants uniform, is one of the dozens of zombies endangering a small trio of humans, Magneto and 'Ultimate' Reed Richards. They had tracked down the humans through the ruins of Manhattan; most of the rest of the Earth had been consumed already.
In the Mutant X universe, Sam was drawn as a very overweight mutant while his sister had an ugly appearance. The two would constantly insult one another. Due to his increased weight, Sam couldn't stay in Cannonball mode for long. The two worked with Wolfsbane, Sunspot, and Jubilee as the 'Maruaders', a band of thieves based in the sewers.
When fellow student Lorna Dane is framed for murder and thus imprisoned in the Triskelion her boyfriend, Alex Summers, recruits a strike team. Sam and Alex are joined by Sunspot, Douglas Ramsey, and
Northstar. During the trip to New York, the team becomes lost and is ambushed by the X-Men. Cannonball initially literally sweeps Wolverine off his feet but is soon defeated.
Currently, his powers seem to be virtually the same as his mainstream universe counterpart.
In "What If the X-Men stayed in Asgard?" Sam, among several members of the X-Men and the New Mutants, decided to stay in Asgard. He marries Kindra, daughter of Eitri. When Eitri dies, Sam becomes the new King of the Dwarves.
In other media
* Cannonball made a small appearance in the original "X-Men" animated series along with his sister Paige Guthrie in the episode "Hidden Agenda". The episode featured Rogue learning about a new mutant that has been making waves in her hometown. However, his appearance caused a violation of continuity, as Cannonball had already made a cameo appearance, already employing his mutant power, and with blond hair.
* In the 2001 "" animated television series, he appeared infrequently as one of the and was voiced by
Bill Switzer. He was similar to his comic book counterpart, though he wasn't an official X-Man and his legs were covered with a black swirl rather than orange and yellow smoke when he used his powers.
* He is an exclusive hidden character in the "" video game for the PSP. His powers in the game revolve around his "blast shield," in the form of rushing attacks, powered punches, and shields.
* In the film "X2", his name along with that of his sister Paige, appears on a list of names Mystique scrolls through on Stryker's computer while looking for Magneto's file.
* In the novelization of "" by
Chris Claremont, he is introduced towards the end when Logan is giving a class for new potential X-Men including Gambit, Sage, and Danielle Moonstar.
List of titles
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*"Cable" #5, 14-15, 21, 36, 71, 73-75, 77
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*"Excalibur" Vol. 1 #8, 82, 100
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*"Marvel Graphic Novel" #4
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*"New Mutants Annual" #1-7
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*"New Mutants: Truth Or Death" #1-3
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*"New Warriors Annual" #1
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*"Onslaught: Marvel Universe"
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*"Uncanny X-Men" #167, 190-191, 193, 200-201, 230-231, 270, 272-273, 294-296, 323-325, 331-335, 338, 340-342, 350, 352-355, 368, 375, 379, 388, 444-447
*"Uncanny X-Men Annual" #8-10, 14-15, 1995 Annual, 1997 Annual, 1998
Web of Spider-ManAnnual" #2
*"What If...?" Vol. 2 #12, 69, 92
*"Wolverine" Vol. 2 #54, 93, 96, 99-101, 115-118
*"X-Factor" Vol. 1 #41, 60-62, 77, 84-86, 106, 130
*"X-Factor Annual" #5-6
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*"X-Force Annual" #1-3, 1995 Annual, 1997 Annual, 1998, 1999
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*"X-Men Annual" 1996 Annual, 1997 Annual
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*"X-Men Unlimited" Vol. 1 #10, 23
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*"X-Treme X-Men" #24-36, 40-46
* [http://www.uncannyxmen.net/db/spotlight/showquestion.asp?faq=10&fldAuto=80 Cannonball II] - A "Spotlight On" biography at [http://www.uncannyxmen.net/ UXN] .
* [http://marvel.com/universe/Cannonball_%28Sam_Guthrie%29 Cannonball (Sam Guthrie) at the Marvel Universe Character Bio Wiki]
* [http://dreamsofthefourthage.net/cannonball Propulsion - TFL Cannonball Fanlisting]
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