- The Cat Returns
The Cat Returns
(Neko no Ongaeshi)
Genre Fantasy Anime film Directed by Hiroyuki Morita Produced by Toshio Suzuki
Written by Reiko Yoshida Music by Yuji Nomi Studio Studio Ghibli Released July 19, 2002 Runtime 75 minutes Manga Baron: The Cat Returns Written by Aoi Hiiragi Published by Tokuma English publisher Canada USA Viz Media Published Japan
The Cat Returns (猫の恩返し Neko no Ongaeshi , lit. The Cat's Repayment) is a Japanese animated fantasy film directed by Hiroyuki Morita, produced by Studio Ghibli and theatrically released in Japan in 2002 and the United States in 2003.
It received an Excellence Prize at the 2002 Japan Media Arts Festival.
The story is of a girl named Haru, a quiet, shy and unassuming high school student who has a suppressed ability to talk with cats. One day, she saves a darkly-colored, odd-eyed cat from being hit by a truck on a busy road. The cat is Lune, Prince of the Cat Kingdom. As thanks, the cats give Haru gifts of catnip and mice, and she is offered the Prince's hand in marriage. Her mixed reply is taken as a yes.
Wanting none of this, Haru hears a kind, female voice, which tells her to seek the Cat Bureau. Haru meets Muta, a large white cat the voice told her to seek for directions, who leads her there to meet the Baron (the same Baron from Whisper of the Heart), who is a cat figurine given life by the work of his artist, and Toto, a stone raven who comes to life much like the Baron. Soon after meeting them, Haru and Muta are forcefully taken to the Cat Kingdom, leaving Toto and the Baron in the human world to follow the group from the air. The Baron and his crow friend find the entrance to the Cat Kingdom on Earth: Five lakes forming a cat's paw.
Haru is conducted to a feast at the castle of the Cat Kingdom and she begins to slowly turn into a cat with tan paws, ears and whiskers, though still mainly human, so that she will make a suitable bride for the Prince. At the feast, the Baron (in disguise) dances with Haru as part of the entertainment, and reveals to her that the more she loses herself in the kingdom, the more cat-like she will become, and that she has to discover her true self. When the Baron is discovered and is forced to fight the guards, he and Haru are helped by Yuki, a white female cat who works as a servant in the palace and who had tried to warn Haru to leave the Cat Kingdom before she was taken to the castle. Yuki shows them an escape leading to a tunnel.
Haru, the Baron, and Muta's escape moves them through a maze to a tower, which contains a portal to Haru's world. The King goes through a series of efforts to keep them in the Cat Kingdom long enough for Haru to remain trapped in the form of a cat and have her as his daughter-in-law.
Lune and his guards return to the Cat Kingdom to reveal the King was not acting on his behalf and has no desire to marry Haru; he has instead planned on proposing to Yuki. Muta is revealed to be a notorious criminal in the Kingdom (having devoured a whole lake of fish in one session), and Yuki as being the strange voice who had advised Haru to go to the Cat Bureau. In her childhood, Haru had saved Yuki from starvation by giving her the fish cookies she was eating, and Yuki has now repaid her kindness.
Eventually, the Baron, Haru and Muta escape the Cat Realm, with the aid of Prince Lune and Toto, and Haru discovers her true self and tells the Baron how she has come to like him. He tells her "Just for the record, I admire a young woman who speaks from the heart." and that the doors of the Cat Bureau will be open for her again. Haru returns to the human world with more confidence in herself; after learning her former crush has broken up with his girlfriend, she simply replies "it doesn't matter anymore".
In 1995, Studio Ghibli released a film entitled Whisper of the Heart, based on a manga by Aoi Hiiragi, of a girl writing a fantasy novel. Although the girl's life had no magical elements, the film featured short fantasy scenes depicting what the girl was writing of. The Baron, a character of her novel, was so popular that an indirect sequel was made, featuring the Baron and another girl, a highschool student, named Haru. Muta also returned.
The Cat Returns began as the "Cat Project" in 1999. Studio Ghibli received a request from a Japanese theme park to create a 20-minute short starring cats. Hayao Miyazaki wanted three key elements to feature in the short — these were the Baron, Muta (Moon) and a mysterious antique shop. Hiiragi was commissioned to create the manga equivalent of the short, which is called Baron: The Cat Returns (バロン 猫の男爵 Baron: Neko no Danshaku , lit. Baron: The Cat Baron) and is published in English by Viz Media. The theme park later canceled the project.
Miyazaki then took the existing work done by the "Cat Project" and used it as testing for future Ghibli directors — the short was now to be 45 minutes long. Responsibility was given to Hiroyuki Morita, who had started as an animator in 1999 for the film My Neighbors the Yamadas. Over a nine-month period he translated Hiiragi's Baron story into 525 pages of storyboards for what was to be The Cat Returns. Miyazaki and Toshio Suzuki decided to produce a feature-length film based entirely on Morita's storyboard; this was partly because Haru, the main character, had a "believable feel to her". It became the second theatrical (third overall) Studio Ghibli feature to be directed by someone other than Miyazaki or Takahata.
Character Japanese cast English cast Haru Yoshioka Chizuru Ikewaki Anne Hathaway Baron Humbert von Gikkingen Yoshihiko Hakamada Cary Elwes Muta/Renaldo Moon Tetsu Watanabe Peter Boyle Toto Yōsuke Saitō Elliott Gould The Cat King Tetsurō Tanba Tim Curry Prince Lune Takayuki Yamada Andrew Bevis Yuki Aki Maeda Judy Greer Natori Kenta Satoi Rene Auberjonois Natoru Mari Hamada Andy Richter Naoko Yoshioka Kumiko Okae Kristine Sutherland Hiromi Hitomi Satō Kristen Bell
- Director: Hiroyuki Morita
- Script: Reiko Yoshida
- Original author: Aoi Hiiragi
- Project concept: Hayao Miyazaki
- General producers: Toshio Suzuki, Nozomu Takahashi
- Executive producers: Hayao Miyazaki, Takeyoshi Matsushita, Seiichiro Ujiie, Koji Hoshino, Toshio Miyagawa, Hironori Aihara, Hideyuki Takai
- Character designer: Satoko Morikawa
- Supervising animators: Ei Inoue, Kazutaka Ozaki
- Art director: Naoya Tanaka
- Digital composite & camera supervisor: Kentaro Takahashi
- Editor: Megumi Uchida (Seyama Editing Room)
- Music composer: Yuji Nomi
- Music performance: Tokyo Philharmonic Orchestra (conductor: Hiroshi Kumagai)
- Theme song performance: Ayano Tsuji
- "The Cat Returns" production committee: Tokuma Shoten, Nippon Television Network, Buena Vista Home Entertainment, Hakuhodo, Mitsubishi, Toho
- Production: Studio Ghibli
- The Cat Returns page at Nausicaa.net
- The Cat Returns at Online Ghibli
- Review at THEM Anime
- Neko no ongaeshi at the Internet Movie Database
- "猫の恩返し (Neko no ongaeshi)" (in Japanese). Japanese Movie Database. http://www.jmdb.ne.jp/2002/dz002300.htm. Retrieved 2007-07-21.
Studio Ghibli Feature filmsCastle in the Sky · My Neighbor Totoro · Grave of the Fireflies · Kiki's Delivery Service · Only Yesterday · Porco Rosso · Pom Poko · Whisper of the Heart · Princess Mononoke · My Neighbors the Yamadas · Spirited Away · The Cat Returns · Howl's Moving Castle · Tales from Earthsea · Ponyo · The Secret World of Arrietty · From up on Poppy Hill Short films Other productions People Related articles
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