- Jefferson City, Missouri
official_name = City of Jefferson
nickname = Jeff City, or JC
imagesize = 250px
mapsize = 250x200px
mapsize1 = 250px
map_caption1 = U.S. Census Map
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = Counties
subdivision_name2 = Cole, Callaway
leader_name = John Landwehr
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_sq_mi = 28.3
area_total_km2 = 73.2
area_land_sq_mi = 27.3
area_land_km2 = 70.6
area_water_sq_mi = 1.0
area_water_km2 = 2.6
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 39,274
population_density_km2 = 561.6
population_density_sq_mi = 1454.4
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
latd = 38 |latm = 34 |lats = 36 |latNS = N
longd = 92 |longm = 10 |longs = 25 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 192
elevation_ft = 630
website = http://www.jeffcitymo.org
postal_code = 65101-65111
area_code = 573
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 29-37000GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0758233GR|3
Jefferson City is the
capitalof the U.S. state of Missouriand the county seatof Cole County. It is the principal city of the Jefferson City metropolitan area, which encompasses both Callaway and Cole counties. As of 2006, the population is 39,274. [ [http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFPopulation?_event=ChangeGeoContext&geo_id=16000US2937000&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US29%7C16000US2935000&_street=&_county=Jefferson+City%2C+Missouri&_cityTown=Jefferson+City%2C+Missouri&_state=&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010&_submenuId=population_0&ds_name=null&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null®=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry= Population Finder: Jefferson City, Missouri] – American FactFinder, U.S. Census Bureau.] ] Jefferson City was named after Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States of America.
Jefferson City is on the northern edge of the
Ozark Plateauon the southern side of the Missouri Rivernear the geographic center of the state, in a region known as Mid-Missouri. It is at the western edge of the Missouri Rhineland, a wine-producing region. The city is dominated by the domed Capitol, rising from a bluff overlooking the Missouri River to the north. Lewis and Clarkpassed beneath that bluff on their historic expedition upriver before Europeans established any settlement there.
In pre-Columbian times, this region was home of an ancient people known only as the Mound Builders. By the time European settlers began arriving, the Mound Builders had vanished into history. The contemporary indigenous peoples were called the Osage Indians. When the Missouri Territory was organized in
1812, St. Louis was the seat of government. St. Charles next served as the capital.
In the middle of the state, Jefferson City was chosen as the new capital in
1821. The village was first called Lohman's Landing. When the legislature decided to relocate there, they proposed the name "Missouriopolis" but later settled on Jefferson City. [McMillen, Margot Ford & Murphy, Dennis. "A to Z: The Dictionary of Missouri Place Names". Columbia, MO. Pebble Publishing, 1996. ISBN 0-9646625-4-X.] For years the village was little more than a trading post located in the wilderness about midway between St. Louisand Kansas City. In 1826 the Missouri legislature first met here and in 1839 the settlement was incorporated as a city.
American Civil War, Jefferson City was occupied by Union troops. Many of the people in the state supported the Union, although Missouri's Little Missouri section along the river in western counties was strongly Confederate.
German immigrants created vineyards in small towns on either side of the Missouri River, especially on the north, from here east to
Marthasvilleoutside St. Louis. Known as the Missouri Rhinelandfor its vineyards, first established by German immigrants in the mid-19th century, this area has become a part of the agricultural and tourist economy.
Jefferson City is located at coor dms|38|38|58|N|92|12|52|W|city (38.572954, -92.189283)GR|1. According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.3 square miles (73.2 km²), of which, 27.2 square miles (70.6 km²) of it is land and 1.0 square miles (2.6 km²) of it (3.61%) is water.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 39,636 people, 15,794 households, and 9,207 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 1,454.4 people per square mile (561.6/km²). There were 16,987 housing units at an average density of 623.3/sq mi (240.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.50% White, 14.70% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 1.23% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 1.52% from two or more races. 1.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 15,794 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.7% were non-families. 36.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the city the population was spread out with 20.9% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 105.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $39,628, and the median income for a family was $52,627. Males had a median income of $35,050 versus $25,521 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $21,268. About 7.3% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.1% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.
Jefferson City is served by the
Jefferson City Public School District, which operates Jefferson City High School, Simonsen 9th Grade Center, Lewis and Clark Middle School and Thomas Jefferson Middle School, and eleven elementary schools. There are 4 private elementary schools: St. Joseph's Cathedral, St. Peter's, Immaculate Conception, and Trinity Lutheran. [http://www.calvarylhs.org Calvary Lutheran] and [http://www.heliashighschool.com Helias] are the only private high schools located in the city.
Lincoln University, a historically black university (
HBCU), is the only four-year college in Jefferson City.
Jefferson City (Amtrak station)
U.S. Route 50
U.S. Route 54
U.S. Route 63
*Jefferson City is sister city to the German city of
Münchberg. The historically German section of Jefferson City is called "Old Munichburg."
James T. Blair, Jr., mayor of Jefferson City in 1947and later governor of Missouri.
Lorenzo Greene, Lincoln University faculty and civil rightspioneer
Jack S. Kilby, born in Jefferson City.
Cedric the Entertainer, (Cedric Kyle) was born in Jefferson City.
Steve Rogers (baseball player), born in Jefferson City.
John Farris, author born in Jefferson City.
Chester Himes, author born in Jefferson City.
William Rose (screenwriter), screenwriter born in Jefferson City.
Justin Smith (football player), ( Cincinnati Bengals) was born in Jefferson City.
Justin Gage, (football player - Tennessee Titans) attended Jefferson City Public Schools.
Steve Martin (football player), attended Jefferson City Public Schools.
Joe Crede, Major League Baseballplayer born in Jefferson City.
Dennis Meyer, (former Pittsburgh Steelersfootball player ) born in Jefferson City.
Jamaal Tatum, college basketballplayer for the Southern Illinois Salukisborn in Jefferson City.
* [http://www.jeffcitymo.org/ City of Jefferson City]
* [http://www.visitjeffersoncity.com/ Jefferson City Convention and Visitor's Bureau]
* [http://www.imdb.com/BornWhere?Jefferson%20City,%20Missouri,%20USA/ Who Was Born in Jefferson City, MO (IMDB)]
* [http://www.oldmunichburg.com/ Old Munichburg]
* [http://www.mrrl.org/ Missouri River Regional Library] - Public Library
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