Distillation Design

Distillation Design
Distillation Design  
Author(s) Henry Z. Kister
Language English
Subject(s) Chemical engineering: Distillation design
Publisher McGraw-Hill
Publication date 1992 (1st Edition)
Media type Hardback
Pages 710
ISBN 0-07-034909-6
OCLC Number 24142446

Distillation Design is a book which provides complete coverage of the design of industrial distillation columns for the petroleum refining, chemical and petrochemical plants, natural gas processing, pharmaceutical, food and alcohol distilling industries. It has been a classical chemical engineering textbook since it was first published in February 1992.

The subjects covered in the book include:

  • Vapor–liquid equilibrium(VLE): Vapor–liquid K values, relative volatilities, ideal and non-ideal systems, phase diagrams, calculating bubble points and dew points
  • Key fractional distillation concepts: theoretical stages, x-y diagrams, multicomponent distillation, column composition and temperature profiles
  • Process design and optimization: minimum reflux and minimum stages, optimum reflux, short-cut methods, feed entry location
  • Rigorous calculation methods: Bubble point method, sum rates method, numerical methods (Newton-Raphson technique), inside out method, relaxation method, other methods
  • Batch distillation: Simple distillation, constant reflux, varying reflux, time and boilup requirements
  • Tray design and tray efficiency: tray types, tray capacities, tray hydraulic parameters, tray sizing and determination of column diameter, point and tray efficiencies, tray efficiency prediction and scaleup
  • Packing design and packing efficiency: packing types, packing hydraulics and capacities, determination of packing efficiency by transfer unit method and by HETP method, packed column sizing

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