- Park and ride
Park and ride (or incentive parking) facilities are
public transportstations that allow commuters and other people wishing to travel into city centres to leave their personal vehicles in a car park and transfer to a bus, rail system ( rapid transit, light railor commuter rail) or carpoolfor the rest of their trip. The vehicle is stored in the car park during the day and retrieved when the commuter returns. Park and rides are generally located in the suburbs of metropolitan areas or on the outer edges of large cities.
Park and ride schemes are often marketed as a way to avoid the difficulties and cost of parking within the city centre. Park and ride lots allow commuters to avoid the stress of driving a congested part their journey and/or facing scarce, expensive city centre parking. It is hoped that the lots will reduce both of these problems by making it easier for people to take the bus or train into town. Sometimes, even these lots become too busy, and people sometimes organise to carpool to the station to combat crowding.
Bus park and rides
Park and Ride facilities, with dedicated car parks and bus services, started in the 1960s.
Oxfordoperated the first such scheme in the UK, initially with an experimental service operating part-time from a motel on the A34in the 1960s and then on a full-time basis from 1973. Oxfordnow operates Park and Ride from 5 dedicated car parks around the city [ [http://www.oxfordbus.co.uk/content/doc/cms/companyhistory.pdf Oxford Bus Company history] ] . As of 2005, Norwichhas the biggest Park & Ride in the UK, operating from six separate sites around the city. [cite press release
title = Coming soon - new look Norwich Park & Ride
publisher = Norfolk County Council
date = 2005-04-04
url = http://www.norfolk.gov.uk/consumption/idcplg?IdcService=SS_GET_PAGE&ssDocName=NCC037377&ssSourceNodeId=&ssTargetNodeId=3019
accessdate = 2007-11-01 ]
In Sweden, a tax has been introduced on the benefit of free or cheap parking paid by an employer. This tax has reduced the number of workers driving into the inner city, and increased the usage of park and ride areas, especially in Stockholm.Fact|date=May 2008
Park and rides are ideally suited for
alternative fuel vehicles, which often have reduced range. In addition, some transit operators use park and ride facilities to encourage more efficient driving practices by reserving parking spaces for low emission designs, high occupancy vehicles, or carsharing.
Railway park and rides
Some railway stations are promoted as a park and ride facility for a distant town, for instance
Liskeard railway stationfor Looe, and Lelant Saltings railway stationfor St Ives, both in Cornwall, England. These train services are generally less frequent than would be expected of a park and ride bus service. Train stations in the UK that are situated outside of the main urban area are often suffixed with "parkway", such as Bristol Parkway, Tiverton Parkway, and Didcot Parkway. At Luton Airport Parkway and Southampton Airport Parkway, the stations are located to serve air as well as road passengers.
United States, it is common for outlying rail stations to include automobile parking, often hundreds of spaces. Boston, for example, has built several large parking facilities at its commuter rail and metro stations near major highways and large arterial surface roads around the periphery of the city: Alewife, Braintree, Forest Hills, Hyde Park, Quincy Adams, Riverside, Route 128, Wellington, Woburn. The local transit operator, the MBTA, has almost 46,000 park and ride spaces.
Kiss and ride
Many train stations and airports feature an area in which cars can discharge and pick up passengers. These "kiss and ride" facilities allow drivers to stop and park temporarily, instead of the longer-term parking associated with "park and ride" facilities.
Some high-speed railway stations in Taiwan have signs outside stations reading "Kiss and Ride" in English, with Chinese characters above the words that read "temporary pick up and drop off zone". Most people in Taiwan have no idea what the colloquialism means. [cite news
title = "Kiss and ride" signs stump Taiwan rail passengers
publisher = Reuters
date = 2007-02-05
url = http://uk.reuters.com/article/oddlyEnoughNews/idUKTP26246820070205
accessdate = 2007-09-27 ]
The term first appeared in a January 20, 1956, Associated Press report published in the "
Los Angeles Times". Fact|date=June 2007
Car-share park and rides
Park and ride schemes do not necessarily involve public transport. They can be provided as a means of promoting car sharing. Partly because of the concentration of risers, and thus a reduced number of vehicles, these park and ride terminals often have express transit services into the urban area, such as a
high-occupancy vehicle lane. The service may only take passengers in one direction in the morning (typically toward a central business district) and in the opposite direction in the evening, with no or a limited number of trips available in the middle of the day. It is often not allowed to park at these locations overnight. Overall, these attributes vary from region to region.
List of Agence métropolitaine de transport park and ride lots
Park and ride bus services in the United Kingdom
* [http://www.parkandride.net/index.shtml Park and Ride directory - UK]
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