- East Midlands
infobox England region | name = East Midlands| short_name = East Midlands
status = Region
density = 267/km²
euro= East Midlands
population = 4,172,179 (2001)
assembly = East Midlands
election = not directly elected
development_agency = EMDA
url = http://www.emra.gov.uk
The East Midlands is one of the
regions of Englandand consists of most of the eastern half of the traditional region of the Midlands. It encompasses the combined area of Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Rutland, Northampton­shire, Nottingham­shire and most of Lincolnshire, although people often speak of the "East Midlands" with only Derbyshire, Leicestershireand Nottinghamshirein mind. The point where the three counties meet is known as Trent Lock.
The highest point in the region is
Kinder Scout, in the Derbyshire Peak Districtat 2,088 ft (636 m). A looser definition of the East Midlands would include the City of Peterboroughand Burton upon Trentin Staffordshire.
Financial funding decisions for the East Midlands (usually public construction schemes) are taken at the
East Midlands Regional Assembly, based in Melton Mowbray. It is not an elected chamber, but a quango.
Population and settlement
Its main settlements are
Nottingham, Leicester, Lincoln, Derby, Northampton, Mansfield, Chesterfield, and Kettering. Leicesteris officially the largest city in the region, although the largest conurbation is the Nottingham Urban Area.
M1 motorwayalso serves the three largest conurbations. In the east, the A1 is an important, often overcrowded route for the east coast ports and is important for supplying much of the UK's agricultural production. The A46 since Roman times provided a connection between the south west and north east of the region, although around Newark, it has difficulty coping with capacity. East-west routes by road in the region are essentially single-carriageway roads, with only the dual-carriageway A14 skirting the northern part of Northamptonshire.
East Midlands Airportin North West Leicestershireis situated between the three main cities of Derby, Leicesterand Nottingham.
Two of the north-south mainline railways serve the region, The
Midland Main Line(operated by East Midlands Trains) in the west and the East Coast Mainline(operated by NXEC) in the east. Both companies operate high-speed trains to London. The main south west-north east Cross Country Route (MR)(operated by Arriva plc) runs through Birminghamand Derby also the West Coast Mainline goes into Northampton & Long Buckley in Northamptonshire run by London Midlandand sometimes Virgin Trainscall at Northampton & Chiltern Railwaysand First Great Westernprovide services to Kings Sutton in Northamptonshire on the Chiltern Main Line. East-west routes are provided by the Nottingham - Skegness, Liverpool- Norwich(through Nottingham), and Birmingham - Stansted Airport(through Leicester) routes; these last two routes are the essentially the only east-west routes in the section of England between Sheffield and London, both routes meeting at Peterborough.
A historical basis for such an area exists in the territory of the
Corieltauvitribe. When the Romans took control of the region, they made Leicester its capital, then named Ratae Corieltauvorum. The region also corresponds to the later Five Burghsof the Danelaw. The current government office region was created in 1994.
The official region consists of the following subdivisions:
The East Midlands is also a six-member constituency for the
Main employers in the region include Weetabix at
Burton Latimer. For engineering, there is Rolls-Royce in Derby, Siemens in Lincoln, Triumph Motorcyclesin Hinckley, Noble in Barwell, and Caterpillar has a large factory on an old airfield near Desford. The jet enginewas first developed in the region in Lutterworth, with the VTOLengine also developed at Hucknall, and the first practical demonstration of radar was in Daventryin 1935. Mountsorrelhas the largest granitequarry in Europe, owned by the French company, Lafarge. The north part of Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire used to have many coal mines, and there are two pits still producing in Nottinghamshire near Market Warsopand Ollerton; UK Coalis based in Harworth. Swarfegawas invented and is made by Deb in Belper. Corus has a steelworks in Corby.
Thorntonsis a big employer at Alfreton, and Wilkinson is at Worksop. Boots is based in Lentonin Nottingham, as well as the head office of Games Workshop, the producers of Warhammerminiatures. Dunelm Mill, the furnishings company, is based in Syston, as is Pukka Pies. Many footwear companies such as Shoe Zone(which bought out Stead and Simpson), are based in Leicester, as is the clothing company, Next, the photographic equipment company Jessops(both based near each other on the Braunstone Frith estate), and Admiral (sportswear)and the crisp company Walkers(owned by PepsiCo). Carlsbergis brewed in Northampton, and the Black Leisure Group (owner of Blacks and Millets) is based in Duston, to the west of the town, and there is Travis Perkinswho also own Wickes. East Midlands Trainshas its head office in Derby. The former East Midlands Electricityis now owned by E.ON UK(supply) and Central Networks(distribution). BMI has its headquarters at Castle Donington. Sports Directis based in Shirebrookon an old Bolsovercoal mine. Sixt, the car rental firm, has its UK base in Chesterfield. United Biscuitshas a main factory in Ashby-de-la-Zouchwhere it makes its KP Snacks. Oxo is made by Premier Foodsin Worksop. Catfood such as Whiskasis made in Melton Mowbrayby Masterfoods. Dr. Martens are made in Wellingborough. Belkin UK is in Rushden. RS Componentsis in Corby.
Capital One, the Virginia-based credit card company, has its UK HQ in Nottingham's city centre next to the train station, and Dublin-based Experian, one of two UK credit-referencing companies, was founded and has a large UK HQ to the south-west of the city, on the A453 near the River Trent. Alliance & Leicesteris based in Narborough. Barclaycardis headquartered in Northampton, and Nationwidehas a large administrative centre at Moulton Park.
Lincolnshire and Rutland are very agricultural, with much of the UK's arable crops grown in this area. The RAF have many bases in this area too, with the main RAF College at Cranwell near
Sleaford. Interflorahas its UK HQ in Sleaford.
Skegnessand the Lincolnshire coastprovides seaside entertainment for many people in the East Midlands with its Butlinsresort. Nottingham and Leicester are a popular night time destination (often for people outside of the East Midlands).
There is a mixture of education across the East Midlands - mostly comprehensive secondary schools, except Lincolnshire has fifteen state grammar schools (as well as some comprehensive schools). For GCSE results, City of Nottingham schools are the worst performing, with Leicester schools a close second. Rutland (the best area for GCSEs) has one of the highest percentages of pupils (Buckinghamshire is the highest) reaching the threshold of five grades A-C (including Maths and English) in England; it is almost twice the percentage value of schools in Leicester, although the highest performing district council area is
Rushcliffe. Leicestershire and Lincolnshire also have GCSE results above the UK average. At A level, Lincolnshire performs the best, and with schools in Nottingham, has results above the UK average; Nottingham has much better results at A level than those at GCSE on average. This describes the city quite accurately - it has the largest group of under-achieving school pupils in the East Midlands, but yet has one of the highest achieving groups of school pupils as well, giving a salient socio-economic diversity of almost chasmic proportions.
Top twenty state schools in the East Midlands (2007 A level results)
Caistor Grammar School(1021)
Bourne Grammar School
Queen Elizabeth's High School, Gainsborough
Northampton School For Boys
Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, Ashbourne
Kesteven and Sleaford High School
* 7. Spalding High School
The Becket School, West Bridgford
The King's School, Grantham
Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, Horncastle
West Bridgford School
Skegness Grammar School
Highfields School, Matlock
Lady Manners School, Bakewell
De Lisle Catholic Science College, Loughborough
St Mary's Roman Catholic High School, Chesterfield
Boston Grammar School
The Priory Lincolnshire School of Science and Technology
Kesteven and Grantham Girls' School(904)
BBC East Midlandsregion of BBC Television, based in Nottingham, produces several regional television programmes including the news programme " East Midlands Today". This excludes most of Northamptonshire, north Nottinghamshireand north Derbyshire. Most of Lincolnshire is covered by the BBC Yorkshire and Lincolnshireregion based in Hull, with its "Look North" programme. Derbyshire's High Peak is covered by BBC North Westand Granada Televisionbased in Manchester. Northamptonshireis part of the BBC Eastregion based in Norwich and has the Look Eastprogramme. Most of Northamptonshire can receive Central News East, with western parts of the county (Daventry) receiving Central News West, and Southern parts of the county (around Brackley, Towcester and Northampton) receiving Thames Valley Tongight, which used to be the Central south region. "Central News East" also covered the East Midlands, broadcasting from "Lenton Lane" in Nottingham from March 1984. The studios were closed and is now the King's Meadow Campusof Nottingham University. These studios had been responsible for Family Fortunesand Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?. Central News East still continues, broadcasting from ITV Central's Birmingham Studios. Northamptonshire has Anglia Television's " Anglia Tonight" programme and the north of Lincolnshireand Nottinghamshire has Yorkshire Television's "Calendar".
MATV, based in Leicester, which caters to the area's large South Asian population.
* BBC Radios Derby, Leicester, Lincolnshire, Northampton, Nottingham, Manchester (for
Glossop, Whaley Bridgeand Chapel-en-le-Frith) and Sheffield (for Chesterfield). BBC Radio Leicesterwas the first local radio station in the United Kingdom.
* Many commercial radio stations:
Leicester Sound, Trent FM (Nottingham) RAM FM(Derby and Burton-on-Trent), Heart 106(Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, Northamptonshire and Leicestershire), Peak FM (Chesterfield and North Derbyshire), Lincs FM(Lincolnshire and Newark-on-Trent), Oak 107 FM( Loughborough), Fosseway Radio( Hinckley), Rutland Radio, Boundary Sound (Newark), Mansfield 103.2 FM, Trax FM(Bassetlaw), High Peak Radio( Chapel-en-le-Frith), Northants 96, Connect 97.2 & 107.4(Corby, Kettering & Wellingborough), Sabras Radio, Hindu Sanskar Radioand 106.6 Smooth Radio(Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire).
There are several newspapers, the largest of which include:-
Derby Evening Telegraph, Derbyshire Times, Leicester Mercury, Lincolnshire Echo, Northampton Chronicle and Echo, and Nottingham Evening Post.
List of schools in the East Midlands
* [http://www.emda.org.uk/main East Midlands Development Agency]
* [http://www.emdir.org East Midland Directory]
* [http://www.emra.gov.uk East Midlands Regional Assembly]
* [http://www.go-em.gov.uk Government Office for the East Midlands]
* [http://www.direct.gov.uk/Dl1/Directories/LocalCouncils/LocalGovernmentByRegion/fs/en?CONTENT_ID=4003592&chk=%2BJqZK3 Government's list of councils in the East Midlands]
* [http://www.emnx.com East Midland Network Exchange]
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