- Leichhardt, New South Wales
:"This article is for the suburb of Leichhardt. For the local government area, see the
Municipality of Leichhardt."Infobox Australian Place | type = suburb
name = Leichhardt
city = Sydney
state = NSW
caption = Leichhardt Town Hall
Municipality of Leichhardt
postcode = 2040
area = 4.565
est = 1846
pop = 12,248 (2006 census)
area = 4.565
propval = 672,750 [ [http://www.domain.com.au/public/suburbprofile.aspx?mode=research&suburb=Leichhardt&postcode=2040 Leichhardt suburb profile @ domain.com.au ] ]
stategov = Balmain
fedgov = Grayndler
near-nw = Haberfield
near-n = Lilyfield
near-ne = Rozelle
near-w = Haberfield
near-e = Annandale
near-sw = Lewisham
near-s = Petersham
near-se = Stanmore
dist1 = 5
dir1 = west
Leichhardt is a
suburbin the inner-west of Sydneyin New South Wales, Australia. Leichhardt is located 5 kilometreswest of the Sydney central business district(CBD) and is the administrative centre for the local government area (LGA) of the Municipality of Leichhardt. The suburb is bordered by Haberfield to the west, Annandale to the east, Lilyfield to the north and Petersham, Lewisham and Stanmore to the south.
Leichhardt contains a mix of
residentialand commercial developments and is best known as Sydney’s “ Little Italy”. Leichhardt residents and businesseslive and work next to the Sydney CBD, a global city and Australia’s most thriving business and cultural centre.
The history of Aboriginal people in the Leichhardt area is, without doubt, a hidden one. What we today know as Leichhardt was once the area inhabited by the
Wangalband of the Dharug ( Eora) language group. The 'Eora people' was the name given to coastal Aborigines around Sydney- Eora means "from this place" - local Aboriginal people used this word to describe to Europeans where they came from, and in time the term became used to define Aboriginal people themselves. Wangal country was known as 'wanne' and it originally extended from the suburbs of Balmain and Birchgrove in the east to Silverwater and Auburn in the west.The northern boundary was the Parramatta River. Neighbouring Darug bands were the Cadigalto the east, the Wallumattagal on the northern shore of the Parramatta Riverand the Bediagalto the south. How long the Wangal had lived around Leichhardt is unknown, but we do know that the Dharug were living in the Sydney area for at least 10,000 years before British Settlement in 1788.
Leichhardt is named after the
Prussian explorer Ludwig Leichhardt, who in the 1840s was feted for his 4,800 km (c. 3000 mi) expedition in search of an overland route from southern Queenslandto Port Essington, a British settlement on the far northern coast of Australia (some 300 km to the north of the modern city of Darwin). He later famously vanished without trace on his attempt to cross the continent from the Darling Downsto the Swan River Colonyon the Western Australiacoast. [ The Book of Sydney Suburbs", Compiled by Frances Pollen, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8 ]
Leichhardt was proclaimed a municipality in 1871. In 1949, it was merged with the municipalities of Annandale and Balmain. In 1967, the municipal boundary was altered to include Glebe and parts of Camperdown. In 2003, the municipal boundary was again changed, to exclude Glebe and Forest Lodge, which are now part of the
City of Sydney. [ Sands Post Office Directories 1871-1932/3 ]
The main commercial area in Leichhardt is located on Norton Street, north of
Parramatta Roadand parallel to Balmain Road. The Norton Street commercial area contains a mix of residential buildings, restaurants(Italian and others), cafés, eateriesand individual retail outlets, including several bookstores and grocery shops. There are also hotels, a Palace Cinema and two of the suburb’s three shopping centres— Norton Plaza and the Italian Forum. Commercial developments are also found along the length of Parramatta Road.The Italian Forum, located just off Norton Street, is notable for its design which seeks to emulate the feel of a Mediterranean town piazza. A pedestrian-only central courtyardfeaturing outdoors and indoors restaurant dining as well as Leichhardt Libraryis surrounded by small shops and boutiques on the level above, and all overlooked by residential apartments. Nearby Norton Plaza is a shopping centre anchored by a supermarketand surrounded by eateries and specialty shops. The third shopping centre, Leichhardt Market Place (formerly Market Town), is located towards Haberfield on the main cross street of Marion Street.
Leichhardt can be accessed by several main roads including
Parramatta Road, Norton Street, Balmain Road, Marion Street and Catherine Street. The City West Link Roadruns along the northern border of Leichhardt and is a major arterial road, which is part of Metroad 4and crosses the ANZAC Bridgeto the CBD.
Leichhardt is well serviced by
Sydney Busesthrough city and cross regional services. Leichhardt Bus Depot is located on the corner of William and Derbyshire Street. The following list provides the bus routes in Leichhardt:
*480, 483, 461 all travel from the City (
QVB) to Strathfield Station via Parramatta Road(Leichhardt) and Ashfield shops
*440, L40 travels from Circular Quay to Rozelle via Railway Square, Parramatta Road, Leichhardt Town Hall, Rozelle (Terry Street)
*435, 436, 437, 438 all travel from Circular Quay, Railway Square, Parramatta Road, Leichhardt Town Hall (435), Haberfield, Five Dock shops (437), Rodd Point & Chiswick (436), Abbotsford (438)
*L38 travels at limited stops along the 438 route
*L39 travels at limited stops from Haberfield to Wynyard via Leichhardt, Rozelle, and
*470 travels from Circular Quay, Forest Lodge, Annandale, Lilyfield, Leichhardt Market Place (9am-3pm)
*445 travels from Balmain East Wharf (Darling Street), Rozelle, Leichhardt, Lilyfield Light Rail Stop, Petersham, Dulwich Hill, Hurlstone Park, Canterbury Station
*370 travels from Leichhardt to Coogee
Petersham railway station is the closest
CityRailtrain station for Leichhardt on the Inner West Line and Bankstown Line (purple line) providing access to a range of CityRail destinations. Lilyfield light rail station is a terminus of the Metro Light Raillocated close to the north-eastern border of Leichhardt.
* All Souls
AnglicanChurch on the corner of Norton Street and Marion Street
BaptistChurch on the corner of Foster Street and Lords Road
* Leichhardt Uniting Church in the old
MethodistCentral Hall on Wetherill Street
* St Columba and The Holy Souls
Parish( Catholic) in Elswick Street
* St Fiacre's Parish (Catholic) in Catherine Street
* St Josephs Catholic Church in Roseby Street
* The Parish of St Gerasimos Church (
Greek Orthodox) in Henry Street
Leichhardt has a number of primary schools and one
Public School, a primary, co-educationalpublic school, established in 1887, is located on Tebbutt Street.
*Leichhardt Public School, a primary, co-educational public school, established in 1891, is located on Marion Street.
*St Columba's Primary School, a
Catholic, primary, co-educational public school, established in 1898, is located on Elswick Street.
*St Fiacre's Primary School, a Catholic, primary, co-educational public school, established in 1894, is located on Catherine Street.
Sydney Secondary College- Leichhardt Campus, a secondary, co-educational public school (partially selective; 7-10), established in 2002, is located on Balmain Road.
Being situated close to the city, Leichhardt is an area for great
capitalgrowth as it very central and has a lot to offer, so housing is not very cheap and is a much sought after. The architecture in Leichhardt ranges from Victorian single fronted brick homes to modern new homes and apartment blocks.
* Leichhardt Fire Station on the corner of Marion Street and Balmain Road
* Leichhardt Hotel (Former) on the corner of Balmain Road and Wetherill Street
* Norton Hotel on the corner of Norton Street and Parramatta Road
* Pioneers Memorial Park on Norton Street
* Bar Italia on Norton Street
* Café Sport on Norton Street
* Palace Cinema on Norton Street
The following buildings are listed on the
Register of the National Estate: [The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, p.2/39]
* Town Hall, corner Norton and Marion Streets (1888)
* Post Office, corner Norton and Weatherall Streets (1888)
* Public School Buildings, Marion Street (first building 1891, second building 1897)
* Church of England, corner Norton and Marion Streets (1883)
Parks and recreation
*Pioneers Memorial Park is located in Norton Street and features large grassed areas, native and formal plantings, a
war memorialand the Bicentennial Rotunda.
*War Memorial Park is situated on the corner of Moore and Catherine St and features large grassed areas as well as shaded areas and a children's
*36th Battalion Park is situated on the corner of Mackenzie and Hill St and features medium-sized grassed park, electric
BBQ, children's play equipment and a half-size basketball court.
*Blackmore Oval is located off Canal Road and is used to play competitive
Rugby Leagueand Baseball, amongst others, in the local area.
Leichhardt is home to many creative industry workers and is known for its colourful and inventive
mural art, such as the panoramaat the Renwick Lane and at the Hawthorne CanalRailway Underpass. Leichhardt has access to many art and cultural organisations. Commercial galleries are found throughout the area and Boomali Gallery, the Aboriginal Arts Organisation is situated in Flood Street in Leichhardt.
The Italian community has a wealth of social and cultural organisations located in Leichhardt, and work is underway everyday to develop the Italian Forum Cultural Centre. Co.As.It. is one of them and they provide a range of culturally and
linguisticallyappropriate services to enhance the quality of life of the community and to promote the Italian language and culturein NSW.
Leichhardt is the yearly host of the Italian Festa on Norton Street where local traffic is temporarily closed on Norton and neighbouring streets transforming surroundings into a huge European style outdoor
café, celebrating Leichhardt's cultural diversity with an International Food Fair, gift stalls, community expos and live entertainment throughout the day. Leichhardt is also known for its café culture with café’s in abundance. The oldest café in the area is Café Sport, which is located on Norton Street.
Leichhardt has approximately 12,000 residents and reflects a locale next to the Sydney CBD.
According to the 2006
census, Leichhardt had a population of 12,248 people. It did not have the same level of high density housing found in its neighbours Haberfield and Annandale. Approximately one third of dwellings were separate density housing houses with 22% apartments and 36% terraces, semis or townhouses. 63.7% of persons usually resident in Leichhardt stated they were born in Australia. Other common responses within the area were - England4.8%, Italy4.4%, New Zealand3.1%, Greece0.7% and Ireland0.6%. English was stated as the only language spoken at home by 72.6% of persons usually resident in Leichhardt. The most common languages other than English spoken at home were - Italian 7.2%, Spanish 1.7%, Greek 1.6%, Cantonese 0.9% and Portuguese 0.7%. Catholicismis the primary religionin the area however, marriagein the area is lower by both Sydney and Australia standards. The average age of people in the suburb was similar to the rest of Sydney(35) and a lower percentage of people owned their homes outright (22.4%) than those paying them off (30.7%). Average loanrepayments ($2200 per month) were much higher than the national figure ($1300).).
Since the middle of the 20th century, Leichhardt has been a centre for the Italian community, reflected in the many Italian-owned businesses in the area. Although it has become less distinctively Italian with the increasing
gentrificationof the suburb and movement of families to suburbs with larger blocks of land, its Italian character is still palpable, particularly in the popular restaurants and cafés of its main street, Norton Street. Many residents moved to suburbs further away from Sydneyas the city has expanded and larger housing blocks became available.
* Federal Government: Leichhardt is in the
Division of Grayndlerin the Australian House of Representatives.
* State Government: Leichhardt is in the
Electoral district of Leichhardtin the New South Wales Legislative Assembly.
* Local Government: Leichhardt is in the local government area of the
Municipality of Leichhardt.
* [http://www.leichhardt.nsw.gov.au/ Leichhardt Municipality Council website]
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