Reza Pahlavi

Reza Pahlavi
Reza Pahlavi
Crown Prince of Iran
Head of House of Pahlavi
Period 27 July 1980 – present
(&1000000000000003000000030 years, &10000000000000118000000118 days)
Predecessor Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Heir presumptive Ali Patrick Pahlavi
Spouse Yasmine Pahlavi
Princess Noor
Princess Iman
Princess Farah
House House of Pahlavi
Father Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Mother Farah Diba
Born October 31, 1960 (1960-10-31) (age 51)
Tehran, Iran
Religion Shia Islam

Prince Reza Pahlavi (Persian: رضا پهلوی, born 31 October 1960) is the last crown prince of the former Imperial State of Iran and current head of the House of Pahlavi. He is the older son of the late Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, and his Shahbanou Farah Pahlavi. In 1979, Reza Pahlavi left Iran at the time of the Iranian Revolution.



Reza Pahlavi in 1973 as Crown Prince of Iran

Reza Pahlavi was born in Tehran, Iran, as eldest son of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran, and Empress Farah Pahlavi. Reza Pahlavi's siblings include his sister Princess Farahnaz Pahlavi (12 March 1963), brother Prince Ali-Reza Pahlavi (28 April 1966 – 4 January 2011), and sister Princess Leila Pahlavi (27 March 1970 – 10 June 2001), as well as a half-sister, Princess Shahnaz Pahlavi (27 October 1940).

He left Iran at the age of 17 for air force training. He spent a year at Williams College, but was forced to leave because of the turmoil in Iran. With the monarchy overthrown and an Islamic Republic established, Reza Pahlavi did not return to Iran. He received a BSc degree by correspondence in political science from the University of Southern California, because Williams did not offer that option.[1] A jet fighter pilot, Reza Pahlavi completed the United States Air Force Training Program at the former Reese Air Force Base in Lubbock, Texas. In 1980, at the start of the Iran–Iraq War, Pahlavi, a highly-trained fighter pilot, wrote to General Valiollah Fallahi, Chief Commander of the Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic, offering to fight in the air force for Iran in the war. The offer was rebuffed.[2]

With the death of his father on 27 July 1980, Reza Pahlavi became the Head of the House of Pahlavi.

Reza Pahlavi has written three books on the state of Iran.

According to Iranian writer Reza Bayegan, Prince Reza Pahlavi is deeply attached to his Shi'ite Muslim faith. He has named one of his daughters Iman (meaning faith in Arabic), and has performed the Hajj (pilgrimage) to Mecca.[3]


Reza married Yasmine Etemad Amini on June 12, 1986. Yasmine, a graduate of the George Washington University School of Law, worked for ten years as a lawyer for the Children’s Law Center as a legal advocate for at-risk youth. Yasmine also founded the Foundation for the Children of Iran in 1991, a non-profit foundation that provides health care services to Iranian children or children of Iranian origin.

Reza Pahlavi and his wife Yasmine have three daughters: Noor (born April 3, 1992), Iman (born September 12, 1993), and Farah (born January 17, 2004).


Iranian Imperial Family
Imperial Coat of Arms of Iran.svg
  • HIH The Crown Prince
    HIH The Crown Princess
    • HIH Princess Noor
    • HIH Princess Iman
    • HIH Princess Farah

HIM Empress Farah

v ·

Reza Pahlavi sworn in as Head of Pahlavi Dynasty in 1980.

Reza Pahlavi has used his high profile status as an Iranian abroad to campaign politically for human rights, democracy, and unity among Iranians in Iran and outside it.[4] On his website he calls for a separation of religion and state in Iran and for free and fair elections "for all freedom-loving individuals and political ideologies". He exhorts all groups dedicated to a democratic agenda to work together for a democratic and secular Iranian government.[5]

According to Reza Bayegan, Prince Pahlavi believes in the separation of religion from politics. However, Pahlavi avoids the "Islam bashing" that Bayegan writes occurs in some circles of the Iranian opposition. Rather, he believes that religion has a humanizing and ethical role in shaping individual character and infusing society with greater purpose.[3]

Pahlavi wrote in his book, Winds of Change:[6]

Since the advent of Islam, our clergymen have served as a moral compass. Spirituality has been an inseparable part of our culture...Today, moral guidance has been replaced by clerical censorship and dictatorial fiat.

Pahlavi has used media appearances to urge Iran's theocratic government to accept a referendum that uses independently verifiable international standards and observation mechanisms.[7][8][9] He has also urged Iranians to engage in a campaign of non-violent civil disobedience, starting with non-participation in elections of the Islamic republic (elections he views as undemocratic), followed by peaceful demonstrations and strikes. He is, however, an outspoken opponent of any foreign military intervention for regime change in Iran,[10] believing that the people of Iran alone have the power to bring about change in their governmental system and society.

Human rights

On March 27, 2010, Reza Pahlavi was invited by the International Society of Human Rights in Bonn, Germany, to speak on the challenge of implementing democracy and human rights in Iran; a sample excerpt from this speech follows:[11]

...democracy and human rights for Iran is not just a slogan; it is our unique hope for salvation and the fundamental element which will bring long term political stability as well as put our nation back on the track of modernity, progress and prosperity. Iranians have come a long way, particularly in this last century. We have paid a heavy price while learning valuable lessons. As such, we are stronger as a society and perhaps clearer in our collective vision of a better future.

Other samples of his speeches are in the External Links below.


  • History has repeatedly proven to us that a clear separation between religion and state is imperative in order to have the right circumstances for democratic governance.[5]
  • Idealism and realism, behavior change and regime change do not require different policies but the same: empowering the Iranian people.[12]
  • June 22, 2009: "At worst, fanatical tyrants who know that the future is against them may end their present course on their terms: a nuclear holocaust,"[13]


In February 2011, Pahlavi said after violence erupted in Tehran that Iran’s youth were determined to get rid of an authoritarian government tainted by corruption and misrule in the hope of installing a democracy. “Fundamental and necessary change is long overdue for our region and we have a whole generation of young Egyptian and Iranians not willing to take no for an answer,” Pahlavi told the Daily Telegraph. “Democratisation is now an imperative that cannot be denied. It is only a matter of time before the whole region can transform itself.[14]


Following in a line of Iranian monarchic dynasties stretching back 3000 years, the Pahlavi dynasty was founded early in the twentieth century. The revolution of 1979 led to the replacement of the Iranian constitutional monarchy (de facto absolute monarchy) with an Islamic republic. Although he currently lives in exile, Pahlavi is still regarded by some Iranians as the current Shah of Iran.[citation needed] After the death of his father, Mohammad-Rezā Shāh Pahlavi, Pahlavi symbolically declared himself Shāhanshāh (Literally, King of Kings in Persian) at the age of 21, but now his press releases refer to him as either "Reza Pahlavi" or "the former Crown Prince of Iran".


Succession is theoretical, as the Iranian monarchy was abolished with the Islamic Constitution in Iran in 1980. He is the current contender in the succession line to his late father and Ali Patrick Pahlavi is the second in line.

Titles, styles and honours

Styles of
Crown Prince Reza of Iran
Imperial Coat of Arms of Iran.svg
Reference style His Imperial Highness
Spoken style Your Imperial Highness
Alternative style Sir

Titles and styles

  • His Imperial Highness The Crown Prince of Iran (1960–1979)
  • His Imperial Highness Crown Prince Reza of Iran (pretender, 1979–present)
  • Reza Pahlavi (commoner name, 1979–present)


  • Grand Collar of the Order of Pahlavi (26 September 1967, Iran)
  • Mohammad Rezā Shāh Pahlavi Coronation medal (1967, Iran)
  • Knight of the Order of the Seraphim (November 24, 1970, Sweden)
  • 25th Anniversary medal (1971, Iran)
  • Persepolis medal (1971, Iran)
  • Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (December 15, 1974, Italy)
  • He was awarded the Royal Order of the Drum by King Kigeli V (Rwanda)
  • In 2004, Reza Pahlavi was named as the "unofficial godfather"[15] of Princess Louise of Belgium the eighth granddaughter of King Albert II of Belgium. The decision to choose him was criticized by the Foreign Ministry of the Islamic Republic of Iran.


  • Reza Pahlavi, IRAN: L’Heure du Choix [IRAN: The Deciding Hour] (Denoël, 2009)[16]
  • Reza Pahlavi, Winds of Change: The Future of Democracy in Iran, Regnery Publishing Inc., 2002, ISBN 0-89526-191-X.
  • Reza Pahlavi, Gozashteh va Ayandeh, London: Kayham Publishing, 2000.[17]

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ Middle East News
  3. ^ a b Reza Bayegan. "Reza Pahlavi and the Question of Religion". Payvand. 
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b
  6. ^ Pahlavi, Winds of Change, pp. 26-28
  7. ^ BBC Radio
  8. ^ Reza Pahlavi interview
  9. ^ Reza Pahlavi interview
  10. ^ Reza Pahlavi interview
  11. ^
  12. ^ Hudson Institute Briefing Series
  13. ^ AFP: Police fire tear gas as Iran protesters defy Guards warning
  14. ^ Iran's Crown Prince calls on West to support anti-government protests
  15. ^ The Roman Catholic Church, the Church of the child being baptized, does not accept non-Catholics as godparents, given the religious nature of the role, so Pahlavi's role was downgraded to unofficial, not formal.
  16. ^
  17. ^ Reza Pahlavi´s Web site

External links

Reza Pahlavi
Born: 31 October 1960
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Farah Pahlavi
as Shahbanu of Iran
Shah of Iran
July 27, 1981 – present
Reason for succession failure:
Monarchy abolished in 1979
Ali Patrick Pahlavi

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Reza Pahlavi — Reza Shah رضا Empereur (chah) d Iran …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rezâ Pahlavi — Reza Pahlavi Reza Shah رضا Empereur (chah) d Iran …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Réza Pahlavi — Reza Pahlavi Reza Shah رضا Empereur (chah) d Iran …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Reza Pahlavi — Reza Schah Pahlavi Reza Schah Pahlavi (persisch ‏رضاشاه پهلوی‎ [rezɔːˈʃɔːh pæɦlæˈviː]); Reza Schah der Große, geboren als Reza Chan bzw. Reza Khan (persisch ‏رضا خان‎ [ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reza Pahlavi II — Reza Pahlavi (1960 ) Reza Pahlavi رضا پهلوی …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Reza Pahlavi II — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Alí Reza Pahlavi Nacimiento 31 de octubre de 1960, 49 años …   Wikipedia Español

  • Reza Pahlavi I — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Alí Reza Pahlavi ( nació 1 de marzo de 1922, murió el 17 de octubre de 1954) fue el hijo segundo de Sah Reza Pahlavi y el hermano de Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. Siguiendo la deposición y el destierro de Reza Sah, Alí Reza …   Wikipedia Español

  • Reza Pahlavi — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Riza Pahlavi, primer Shah de Irán. Reza Shah, también conocido como Reza Pahlavi, llamado asimismo Reza Jan o Reza Savad Koohi (en persa رضا پهلوی Rezâ Pahlavi) (16 de marzo de 1878 26 de julio de 1944), nombrado …   Wikipedia Español

  • Reza Pahlavi — Reza Pahlavi, Mohamed (Reza Pehlewi) ► (1878 1944) Sha de Irán en 1925 41. Organizó un golpe de Estado en 1921 y fue proclamado soberano por la Asamblea Constituyente en 1925. Modernizó el país con la ayuda alemana. Fue fundador de la dinastía… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Reza Pahlavi (1960-) — Reza Pahlavi رضا پهلوی Succession(s) Prétendant au trône Depuis le 27 juillet 1980 ( …   Wikipédia en Français

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