- Essendon, Victoria
Infobox Australian Place | type = suburb
name = Essendon
city = Melbourne
state = vic
lga = City of Moonee Valley
postcode = 3040
pop = 18,213 (2006)Census 2006 AUS | id = SSC21261 | name = Essendon (State Suburb) | accessdate = 2007-09-29 | quick = on]
area = 6.2
propval = $635,000 [ [http://www.domain.com.au/public/suburbprofile.aspx?suburb=Essendon&postcode=3040 Essendon] , accessed 10 March 2008]
stategov = Essendon
fedgov = Maribyrnong
dist1 = 10
near-nw = Essendon North
near-n = Strathmore
near-ne = Pascoe Vale South
near-w = Essendon West
near-e = Pascoe Vale South
near-sw = Aberfeldie
near-s = Moonee Ponds
near-se = Brunswick West
The number 59 tram provides public transport along Mt Alexander and Keilor roads to the city.
The suburb is bordered on the south west by the
Maribyrnong River Trail, and on the east and north by the Moonee Ponds Creek Trail. Both are used by commuting and recreational cyclists.
The seat of Essendon in the
Victorian Legislative Assemblyis based on the suburb. The current state member is Judy Maddiganfor the Australian Labor Party.
* St Columba's College
St Bernard's College
Buckley Park College
Penleigh and Essendon Grammar School
Lowther Hall Anglican Grammar School
Ave Maria College
Essendon Keilor College(VCE Campus)
port and culture
Essendon is home of the
Essendon Football Club(the Bombers) an Australian rules footballclub which is a member of the Australian Football League. Essendon is one of the most successful football teams in Australia, having won 16 premierships in the VFL/AFL.
Essendon District Football Leagueis one of the strongest suburban football competitions in Melbourne and in the zone days, fed many players into elite level competition.
Essendon is the birthplace of conservationist and television personality
Steve Irwin, best known as "The Crocodile Hunter". [ [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0410455/bio IMDb: Biography for Steve Irwin] ]
*Essendon and the banks of the
Maribyrnong Riverwere originally inhabited by the Wurundjeritribe of the KulinAboriginal nation.
*In 1803, Charles Grimes and James Fleming were the first known European explorers into the Maribyrnong area.
*In 1851, the gold rush opened up the Moonee Ponds District with miners travelling along Mount Alexander Road to Castlemaine.
*In 1862, 169 residents sought the formation of the Borough of Essendon and Flemington.
*On 9 January 1871, Victorian Railways services began between Essendon and Melbourne, following an unsuccessful private railway operating from 1860 until 1864 ["Centenary of the Opening of the Government Railway between Melboure and Essendon" Turton, Keith Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, January, 1971 pp10-23] .
*In the 1880s, the local council resisted industrial development in the form of cattle saleyards and brickworks, out of concern for pollution of the
Maribyrnong River. Instead it embarked on a program to create, in its upper reaches, a playground for rowers, fishermen and swimmers.
*In 1890, a large mansion was built in the town. It was designed by eminent architect R.A. Lawson and built at a cost of £35,000. Originally known as Earslbrae Hall, it was the home of Collier McCracken, a member of a local brewing family. The building now houses
Lowther Hall Anglican Grammar School.
* In 1906 the
North Melbourne Electric Tramway and Lighting Companyopened its electric tramway system linking Essendon with the city. [ [http://www.railpage.org.au/tram/melbhist.html Railpage.org.au Melbourne's Tram History] ] The company also supplied electric power to the neighbouring suburbs from its power station on Mt Alexander Road, near the intersection with South Street. [ [http://www.tmsv.org.au/papers/nmetl.htm A brief history of the North Melbourne Electric Tramway & Lighting Company ] ]
City of Essendon- the former local government area of the same name.
* [http://members.optushome.com.au/lenorefrost/ehs.html Essendon Historical Society Inc]
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