Cornelius Vanderbilt III

Cornelius Vanderbilt III
Cornelius Vanderbilt III

Vanderbilt III circa 1910–1915
Born September 5, 1873(1873-09-05)
New York City
Died March 1, 1942(1942-03-01) (aged 68)
Miami Beach, Florida
Cause of death Cerebral hemorrhage
Resting place Moravian Cemetery
Other names Neily Vanderbilt
Education St. Paul's School
Yale University
Spouse Grace Graham Wilson
Children Cornelius Vanderbilt IV
Parents Alice Claypoole Gwynne
Cornelius Vanderbilt II
Relatives Cornelius Vanderbilt, great-grandfather

Cornelius Vanderbilt III (September 5, 1873 – March 1, 1942) was a distinguished American military officer, inventor, engineer, and yachtsman, and a member of the prominent American Vanderbilt family.


Called "Neily" by his close friends, he was the great-grandson of Cornelius Vanderbilt.

He was born in New York City on September 5, 1873 to Alice Claypoole Gwynne and Cornelius Vanderbilt II. He was educated by private tutors at St. Paul's School in Concord, New Hampshire before attending Yale University where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1895. Against his father's wishes, in August 1896 he married Grace Graham Wilson, the youngest child of New York banker Richard T. Wilson, Sr. Remaining at Yale until 1899, he earned a Bachelor of Philosophy degree and, having a great deal of interest in the mechanical and engineering aspects of his family’s railroad business, he also earned a degree in mechanical engineering.

Ostracized by his parents and even to some extent by his siblings, on his father's death in 1899 Neily Vanderbilt received only $500,000 in cash and the income from a $1 million trust fund. The bulk of his father's $70 million estate went to Neily's brother, Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt, who then helped undo some of his father's enmity and gave Neily the amount of $6 million. However, as a result of his parents' attitude towards his marriage, it would be 27 years after his father's death before he finally reconciled with his aging mother. Neily and Grace Vanderbilt remained married for the rest of their lives and had two children, Cornelius IV (1898-1974), who would marry seven times, and a daughter, Grace (Sept. 25, 1899-Jan. 28, 1964). [1]

Neily Vanderbilt was an inveterate tinkerer with all things mechanical and during his lifetime he patented more than thirty inventions for improving locomotives and freight cars, including several which brought him a significant royalty income. Some of the most important were a corrugated firebox for locomotives that resulted in a substantial increase in fuel efficiency plus a cylindrical styled tank car for the transport of bulk oil as well as a revolutionary type of locomotive tender. In addition, on his travels to London and Paris he saw the potential for adapting their subway systems for New York City and partnered with August Belmont, Jr. to establish the Interborough Rapid Transit Company for the construction of the city's first subway.

In 1901, he was made a Second Lieutenant in the Twelfth Infantry Regiment of the New York National Guard and remained a member of the military for 33 years. He fought in the border wars with Mexico in 1916, and in World War I served overseas as commander of the 102nd Engineers. Rising through the ranks to Brigadier General, he was placed in command of the 25th Infantry Brigade. For his services during the War, he was given the Distinguished Service Medal by the government of the United States, the New York State Conspicuous Service Medal, made a commander of the Order of the Crown (Belgium) and awarded that country's Croix de Guerre. The government of France made him a Commander of the Legion of Honor.

Following the First World War, Vanderbilt and his wife frequently returned to Europe, becoming friends and guests of numerous members of European royalty including former Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany, and his brother, Prince Henry of Prussia, King Albert I of Belgium, Crown Prince Olav of Norway, Queen Marie of Romania, Reza Pahlavi of Iran, and every British monarch since Queen Victoria.

As with other members of the Vanderbilt family, yachting was one of Neily Vanderbilt's favorite pastimes as an escape from a busy life that included a seat on the Board of Directors of a number of major American corporations. His yacht successfully defended the America's Cup in 1903. In 1910, he piloted his yacht to victory in the New York Yacht Club's race for the King Edward VII Cup.

In 1940, he sold the mansion he inherited in 1914 from his uncle George Washington Vanderbilt, located at 640 Fifth Avenue in New York City, to members of the Astor family. The family retained occupancy of the house there three years after his passing from a cerebral hemorrhage while vacationing in Miami Beach, Florida aboard his yacht in 1942. The mansion, built in 1880 by William H. Vanderbilt, was originally one of two sharing that block designed with identical exteriors and together known as the "Twin Mansions." His wife Grace Vanderbilt lived there until 1944 when she moved to 1048 Fifth Avenue, now housing the Neuegalerie Museum. [2] She passed away on January 7, 1953. They are buried together in the Vanderbilt family mausoleum in the Moravian Cemetery in New Dorp on Staten Island, New York. [3]


  1. ^ Vanderbilt, Arthur T., II (1989). Fortune's Children: The Fall of the House of Vanderbilt. New York: Morrow. ISBN 0688072798. 
  2. ^ Stuart, Amanda (2006). Consuelo and Alva Vanderbilt: The Story of a Daughter and a Mother in the Gilded Age. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 0066214181. 
  3. ^ Vanderbilt, Cornelius, Jr.I (1956). Queen Of Golden Age: The Fabulous Story Of Grace Wilson Vanderbilt. New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 1258038242. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cornelius Vanderbilt IV — Born April 30, 1898(1898 04 30) Staten Island Died …   Wikipedia

  • Cornelius Vanderbilt II — by John Singer Sargent Born November 27, 1843(1843 11 27) …   Wikipedia

  • Cornelius Vanderbilt (disambiguation) — Cornelius Vanderbilt (1794–1877) was an American entrepreneur. Cornelius Vanderbilt may also refer to: Cornelius Vanderbilt II (1843–1899) Cornelius Vanderbilt III (1873–1942) Cornelius Vanderbilt IV (1898–1974) This disambiguation page lists… …   Wikipedia

  • Vanderbilt (surname) — Vanderbilt is a surname, and may refer to:*The Vanderbilt family ndash; a prominent family in the United States*Cornelius Vanderbilt (1794 ndash;1877) *William Henry Vanderbilt (1821 ndash;1885) **Cornelius Vanderbilt II (1843 ndash;1899)… …   Wikipedia

  • William Henry Vanderbilt III — William Henry Vanderbilt III, (November 24, 1901ndash April 14, 1981), was an American statesman and a member of the prominent United States Vanderbilt family.BiographyBorn in New York City, he was the son of Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt and Ellen… …   Wikipedia

  • William Henry Vanderbilt III — (* 24. November 1901 in New York City; † 14. April 1981 in Williamstown, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und von 1939 bis 1941 Gouverneur des Bundesstaates Rhode Island. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frühe Jahre und politischer Aufstieg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vanderbilt family — This article details the family of Cornelius Vanderbilt. For other uses, see Vanderbilt (disambiguation). Infobox Family colour = powderblue name = Vanderbilt crest = caption = ethnicity = Dutch region = United States East Coast United Kingdom… …   Wikipedia

  • Vanderbilt — Die Vanderbilt Familie wurde von dem US amerikanischen Unternehmer Cornelius Vanderbilt begründet und umfasst: Cornelius Vanderbilt (1794–1877), US amerikanischer Eisenbahnmogul und Begründer des Clans   ∞ 1813 Cousine (1. Grades) Sophia… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cornelius — Gender Male Origin Word/Name Latin Cornelius is a Roman family name and a masculine given name. It could be derived from Latin cornu horn .[1] People, places and things named Cornelius include …   Wikipedia

  • Vanderbilt Family — ▪ American family       one of the wealthiest and most prominent families in the United States. The third generation of Vanderbilts (Vanderbilt, Cornelius) following Cornelius (Vanderbilt, Cornelius) and William Henry Vanderbilt (Vanderbilt,… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”