Film format

Film format

A film format is a technical definition of a set of standard characteristics regarding image capture on photographic film, for either stills or movies. It can also apply to projected film, either slides or movies. The primary characteristic of a film format is its size and shape.

In the case of motion picture film, the format may also include audio parameters (though often not). Other characteristics usually include the film gauge, pulldown method, lens anamorphosis (or lack thereof), and film gate or projector aperture dimensions, all of which need to be defined for photography as well as projection, as they may differ.

Movie film formats

"See List of film formats"

Digital camera formats

"See Image sensor format"

Still photography film formats

Multiple image

(A) Unless otherwise noted, all formats were introduced by Kodak, who began allocating the number series in 1913. Before that, films were simply identified by the name of the cameras they were intended for. [cite web |url= |title=The History of Kodak Roll Films |accessdate=2007-06-17]

(B) Discontinued by major manufacturers but still produced by Ferrania.

(C) Discontinued by major manufacturers in 1995 but still produced by Fotokemika, in Croatia, and Bluefire in Canada.

"For roll holder" means film for cartridge roll holders, allowing roll film to be used with cameras designed to use glass plates.

The primary reason there were so many different negative formats in the early days was that prints were made by contact, without use of an enlarger. The film format would thus be exactly the same as the size of the print -- so if you wanted large prints, you would have to use a large camera and corresponding film format.

Single image

Size (in inches) Type
1⅝×2⅛"sixteenth-plate" tintypes
2×2½"ninth-plate" tintypes
2×3sheet film
2½×3½"sixth-plate" tintypes
3×4sheet film
3⅛×4⅛"quarter-plate" tintypes
3¼×4¼"quarter-plate" glass plates
3¼×5½postcard or 3A
4×5sheet film
4¼×6½"half-plate" glass plates
4½×5½"half-plate" tintypes
4×10sheet film
5×7sheet film
7×17sheet film
8×10sheet film
8×20sheet film
8½×6½"full-plate" glass plates, tintypes
11×14sheet film
12×20sheet film
14×17sheet film
16×20sheet film
20×24sheet film

Size (in cm) Type
6.5 × 9 sheet film
9 × 12 sheet film
10 × 15 sheet film
13 × 18 sheet film
18 × 24 sheet film
24 × 30 sheet film

Instant image

Designation Type
SX-70 Polaroid flat film cartridge with integrated battery
Type 37 Polaroid roll film cartridge
Type 47 Polaroid roll film cartridge
Type 88 Polaroid flat film cartridge
Type 100 Polaroid flat film cartridge
See [] for a full list of Polaroid films.

Fuji produce instant films and film backs for sheet film cameras.


See also

*Contact print
*Film base
*Film gauge
*Film stock
*Medium format (film)
*Photographic printing for a table of standard photographic print sizes

*List of motion picture-related topics

External links

*dmoz|Arts/Movies/Filmmaking/Film_Formats/|Film Formats
* [ Film Formats and HDTV]
* [ Table of Film formats] by Mark Baldock
* [ A comparison of large scale film formats]
* [ Kodak roll films starting with 101]
* [ The history of Kodak roll films]
* [ Classic camera film sizes, sources, and film adapters]
* [ AGFA Rapid]
* [ 35 mm cameras using the AGFA Rapid cassette]
* [ History of Kodak cameras]
* [ All about Land (Polaroid) instant film formats]
* [ American Widescreen Museum]
* [ Sub-35mm movie film formats history webpage]
* [ Plate and tintype sizes]

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