- David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay
David Stewart (24 October 1378 – 26 March 1402, at Falkland Palace, Fife, Scotland) was the heir to the throne of Scotland from 1390 and the first Duke of Rothesay from 1398. He also held the titles of Earl of Atholl (1398–1402) and Earl of Carrick (1378–1402). He was the first ever Duke in the Scottish Peerage and was named after his great-great-uncle King David II of Scotland.
His mother tried to strengthen his position, since his uncle Robert had designs on the throne. In 1398, she arranged a great tournament in Edinburgh when her oldest son was knighted. She and her husband were also present when he was created Duke of Rothesay in the same year.
Due to his father's sickness, David became "Lieutenant" of the kingdom in 1399, a time of civil unrest and conflict with the neighbouring England. His major domestic enemy, his uncle, the experienced Robert, had served as protector of the kingdom until then. The year after his mother's death, Albany arrested David and put him in prison. He died in 1402, in uncertain circumstances, probably by order of Albany himself. Legend says that he starved to death.
David Stewart, Duke of RothesayBorn: 1378 1402
- ^ Marshall, Rosalind K. (2003). p. 47.
Scottish royalty Preceded by
Robert III of Scotland
Heir of Scotland
as heir apparent
19 April 1390–26 March, 1402
James I of Scotland
Dukes of Rothesay
David (1398–1402) · James (1402–1406) · Alexander (1430) · James (1430–1437) · James (1452–1460) · James (1473–1488) · James (1507–1508) · Arthur (1509–1510) · James (1512–1513) · James (1540–1541) · James (1566–1567) · Henry Frederick (1603–1612) · Charles (1612–1625) · Charles James (1629) · Charles (1630–1649) · James (1688–1689) · George (1714–1727) · Frederick (1727–1751) · George (1762–1820) · Albert Edward (1841–1901) · George (1901–1910) · Edward (1910–1936) · Charles (1952–present)
Native line Bruce line Stewart earls¹ Did not hold the rank of earl/mormaer, but ruled the province as a petty-king Mormaers or Earls of Atholl [Known] 10th-century mormaers [Known] Mormaers from the Atholl lineMáel Muire of Atholl · Matad of Atholl · Máel Coluim of Atholl · Henry of Atholl · Isabella of Atholl (with 1. Tomás Mac Uchtraigh; 2. Alan Durward) · Padraig of Atholl · Forbhlaith of Atholl (with David de Hastings) · Ada de Hastings (with John of Strathbogie) · David I of Strathbogie · John of Strathbogie · David II of Strathbogie Appointed between Robert I and James I Stewart of Balveny Stewart of InnermeathJohn Stewart, 1st Earl · James Stewart, 2nd Earl House of Stewart Robert II Robert IIIDavid, Duke of Rothesay | James I of Scotland James I James II James III James IV James V Mary I James VI Charles I James VII Mary II(none) Anne
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