The Incredible Hulk (film)

The Incredible Hulk (film)

Infobox Film
name = The Incredible Hulk

caption = Promotional poster
director = Louis Leterrier
producer = Avi Arad
Gale Anne Hurd
Kevin Feige
writer = Screenplay:
Edward Norton
Zak Penn
Comic Book:
Stan Lee
Jack Kirby
starring = Edward Norton
Liv Tyler
Tim Roth
William Hurt
music = Craig Armstrong
cinematography = Peter Menzies Jr.
editing = John Wright
Rick Shaine
Vincent Tabaillon
distributor = Universal Studios
released = June 13, 2008
country = United States
runtime = 114 min.
language = English
budget = $150 million
gross = $259,264,082
website =
amg_id = 1:356353
imdb_id = 0800080

"The Incredible Hulk" is a 2008 superhero film based on the Marvel Comics character the Hulk. It is directed by Louis Leterrier and stars Edward Norton as Dr. Bruce Banner / the Hulk. Not a sequel to "Hulk" (2003), it is a reboot that establishes a new back-story, where Banner became the Hulk as an unwitting pawn in a military scheme to create supersoldiers. On the run, he attempts to cure himself of the Hulk before he is captured by General Thaddeus "Thunderbolt" Ross (William Hurt), but his worst fears are realized when power-hungry soldier Emil Blonsky (Tim Roth) becomes the Abomination. Liv Tyler also stars as Betty Ross, Banner's girlfriend and General Ross' daughter.

Marvel Studios reacquired the rights to the character after the mixed reception to "Hulk", and writer Zak Penn began work on a loose sequel that would be much closer to the comics and the television series. Norton rewrote the script after he signed on to star, which clarified the film's new back-story. Leterrier aimed to make the film realistic, giving a more frightening direction for the look of the monsters, while redesigning the Abomination from the comics' reptilian humanoid into a mutated man with bony protrusions. Filming mostly took place in Toronto, Canada in 2007, where the production attempted to be environmentally friendly.


A montage during the opening credit sequence details the film's backstory and the origin of the Hulk. General Thaddeus "Thunderbolt" Ross (William Hurt) meets with Dr. Bruce Banner (Edward Norton), the colleague and lover of his daughter Betty (Liv Tyler). He wants him to revive a World War II-era military bio-force project, but tells Banner the goal of the experiment is to make human beings immune to gamma radiation. The experiment fails, transforming Banner into the monstrous Hulk (voiced by Lou Ferrigno), and injuring Betty. Now a fugitive from the United States Army, Banner has been on the run for five years.

As the film opens, Banner works at a soda bottling factory in Brazil while searching for a cure for his condition (through extracting of certain properties from rare plants and herbs) with the help of a colleague on the Internet, known only as "Mr. Blue". He is also learning meditative breathing techniques from a martial arts expert (Rickson Gracie) to help regulate his pulse rate and keep his anger under control, and has not transformed in 158 days. After Banner cuts his finger, a drop of his blood ends up in one of the bottles, and is eventually ingested by an ill-fated consumer (Stan Lee) in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. This accident points Ross to Banner's location and he sends a team, led by Russian-born British special ops expert Emil Blonsky (Tim Roth), to capture him. Banner escapes Blonsky by transforming into the Hulk and fighting off his team inside the bottle factory. After Ross explains how Banner first became the Hulk, a vengeful Blonsky agrees to be injected with the super soldier serum, which gives him increased strength, speed, agility, reflexes, endurance and healing.

Meanwhile, Banner returns to Culver University in the United States and reunites with Betty, who is dating psychiatrist Leonard Samson (Ty Burrell). On the day he decides to leave, Ross and Blonsky's forces attack Banner at Culver University to draw out the Hulk. The Hulk wins the battle and flees with Betty. After he calms down, Banner and Betty go on the run. After several stops, Banner again makes contact with "Mr. Blue", who urges them to travel to New York City to meet him. He turns out to be cellular biologist Dr. Samuel Sterns (Tim Blake Nelson), a university professor. They learn that Sterns has developed a possible antidote that may cure Banner's condition, or merely reverse each individual transformation. After a successful test, Sterns reveals that he has synthesized Banner's blood sample (which he sent from Brazil) into a large supply with the intention of using it to enhance the human condition to the next evolutionary level. Appalled by what Sterns had done and fearful of the Hulk's power falling into the wrong hands, Banner attempts to convince Sterns to destroy the blood supply, but he is attacked by Ross' forces and he and Betty are taken into custody.

As Sterns goes with an interrogation with a female soldier about his work, Blonsky strikes her down and demands Sterns to inject him with Banner's blood sample. Sterns warns that the combination of the supersoldier formula (which Blonsky has overdosed on, mutating his skeleton) and a gamma treatment would be an unpredictable combination that could turn him into an "abomination". Unconcerned, Blonsky forces Sterns to administer the gamma charge, and he mutates into a powerful monster. He knocks Sterns aside and escapes, rampaging through Harlem to draw the Hulk out. At the lab, an irradiated sample of Banner's blood-derivative drips into an open wound on Sterns' temple, causing his cranium to mutate and expand.

Banner, realizing that he is the only one who can stop the monster, convinces General Ross to release him. He falls from Ross' helicopter as it hovers over the city, hoping the fall will trigger a transformation. Banner's plan succeeds, and after a brutal battle, the Hulk defeats Blonsky by nearly strangling him to death with a huge chain, relenting his grip only after Betty's plea . The Hulk then flees the scene with the army in pursuit.

Thirty-one days later, Banner is in Bella Coola, British Columbia. Instead of trying to suppress his transformations, he is attempting to initiate them in a controlled manner. As his eyes turn green, a grin appears on his face. Meanwhile, General Ross is drinking in a bar when he is approached by Tony Stark (Robert Downey Jr.) who reveals that a "team" is being put together.


Edward Norton as Bruce Banner / Hulk: A genius scientist who, because of exposure to gamma radiation, transforms into the Hulk when stressed, enraged, or excited. David Duchovny was a front-runner for the film before Norton's casting. [cite news | author = Steve Zeitchik | url = | title = Marvel stock soars on rev outlook | work = Variety | date = 2006-02-23 | accessdate = 2008-06-17] Gale Anne Hurd recalled Norton's portrayals of duality in "Primal Fear" and "Fight Club", while Norton reminded Kevin Feige of Bill Bixby, who played Banner in the TV series.cite news | title = The Hulk's Incredible Return | work = IGN | date = 2007-06-14 | url = | accessdate=2007-06-15] Lou Ferrigno, who played the Hulk with Bixby, remarked Norton "has a similar physique [and a] similar personality".cite news | author = Shawn Adler | title = Lou Ferrigno Says Hulk Cameo A ‘Smash’ | work = MTV | date = 2007-10-23 | url = | accessdate=2007-10-27]

Norton was a "Hulk" fan, citing the first comic appearances, the Bixby TV show and Bruce Jones' run on the comic as his favorite depictions of the character.cite news | author = Edward Douglas | title = Live from Comic-Con: The Marvel Studios Panel! | work = Superhero Hype! | date = 2007-07-28 | url = | accessdate=2007-07-29] He had expressed interest in the role for the first film. He initially turned down the part for this film, recalling "there [was] the wince factor or the defensive part of you that recoils at what the bad version of what that would be," as he felt the previous film "strayed far afield from a story that was familiar to people, [...] which is a fugitive story". When he met Letterier and Marvel, however, he liked their vision, and believed they were looking to him to guide the project. Thus, Norton rewrote the script.cite news | title = Edward Norton | work = Total Film | date = 2008-03-07 | url = | accessdate=2008-03-19] "Norton's script has given Bruce's story real gravitas," Letterier said. "Admittedly I'm not the most adult director, but just because we're making a superhero movie it doesn't have to just appeal to 13-year old boys. Ed and I both see superheroes as the new Greek gods."

:Lou Ferrigno voices Hulk: During the 2008 New York Comic Con Leterrier publicly offered Ferrigno the chance to voice the Hulk for the film.cite news | author = Jeff Otto | title = Special Report: "Hulk" Edit Bay Visit | work = Dark Horizons | date = 2008-05-27 | url = | accessdate=2008-05-27] This marks the third time Ferrigno portrayed the Hulk, having also voiced the character in the 1996 animated series. Originally, the Hulk's only line was "Betty" at the film's ending, which would have been his first word. Leterrier was aware that fans wanted him to speak normally, and added "leave me alone" and "Hulk smash!" The latter line received cheers during a screening he attended. [cite news|author=Eric Moro|title=Exclusive: Hulk Director Speaks|work=IGN|date=2008-06-09|url=|accessdate=2008-07-08] Ferrigno also has a cameo in the film as a security guard who is bribed by Banner with a pizza. Ferrigno had also made a cameo as a security guard in the 2003 film.

Liv Tyler as Dr. Elizabeth "Betty" Ross: Bruce's girlfriend, whom he is separated from due to his condition, and a cellular biologist. Tyler replaced actress Jennifer Connelly, who portrayed Betty Ross in the 2003 film "Hulk". Tyler was attracted to the love story in the script, and was a fan of the TV show, because of the "humanity and what [Banner] is going through". She was called about the role while driving to her home, and she accepted the part after a day without reading the script. [cite news|author=Will Lawrence|title=Liv Tyler on why there's life after the Lord of the Rings|work=The Times|date=2008-08-16|url=|accessdate=2008-08-16] Tyler and Norton spent hours discussing Bruce and Betty's life before he became the Hulk. She said filming the part "was very physical, which was fun", [cite news | author = Donna Freydkin | title = Liv Tyler loves being the Givenchy girl | work = USA Today | date = 2007-11-29 | url = | accessdate=2007-12-10] and compared her performance to "a deer caught in the headlights", because of Betty's shock as Bruce's unexpected return into her life.

Tim Roth as Emil Blonsky / Abomination: A Russian-born officer from the United Kingdom Special Forces loaned to General Ross. Recognizing he is past his prime, he lusts after the Hulk's power. Roth said he took the part to please his sons, who are comic-book superhero fans. As a teenager, Roth was a fan of the 1970s TV series, and he also found Leterrier's ideas "very dark and very interesting". Roth started watching the 2003 film to prepare for the part, but stopped as he did not want to be caught up in the controversy over its quality, and to compare himself to it.cite news | author = Jake Rossen | title = Q&A: Tim Roth | work = Wizard | date = 2008-03-27 | url = | accessdate=2008-03-30]

Leterrier is a fan of Roth's work, and felt "it's great watching a normal Cockney boy become a superhero!", but Marvel and Norton were initially reluctant to cast him.cite news | title = Director Louis Leterrier on The Incredible Hulk | work = Empire | date = 2008-03-13 | url = | accessdate=2008-03-13] Before he was cast in "", Ray Stevenson was in discussions for the role. [cite news | title = Ray Stevenson Brings the Pain | work = Maxim | url = | accessdate=2008-03-31] Roth prepared for the part by learning to fire guns and break into rooms with two experts.cite news|author=Scott Collura, Eric Moro|title=The Incredible Blonsky|work=IGN|date=2008-06-10|url=|accessdate=2008-07-08] Roth found it tough shooting the chases, because he could not work out to show Blonsky's aging. Cyril Raffaelli performed some of Roth's stunts. Roth enjoyed the motion capture, which reminded him of fringe theatre, and he hired his trainer from "Planet of the Apes" to aid him in portraying the monster's movement.

William Hurt as General Ross: Betty's father, who has dedicated himself to capturing the Hulk. Letterier cast Hurt because "Ross is more physical, more explosive in this movie, and no actor goes from zero to 100 as well as William." He compared Ross to Captain Ahab. The Hulk is Hurt's favorite superhero, and his son is also a big fan of the character. Hurt found production very different from the typical "pure anxiety" of a studio movie, finding it more akin to an independent movie.cite news | author = Larry Carroll | title = William Hurt Says New Hulk Is More Heroic, Reveals Iron Man Crossover Scene | work = MTV | url = | accessdate=2008-01-20] He described Ross as "humiliated by Hulk's conscience: he actually sees and recognizes that it's more developed than his own, even though he's a patriot and a warrior for his country. He's sacrificed [much] for that purpose, but at the expense at times of his humanity — which he occasionally recovers." [cite news | author = Jamie Portman | title = Putting Hurt on Hulk | work = Calgary Herald | date = 2008-03-05 | url = | accessdate=2008-03-05] Sam Elliott, who played Ross in the first film, would have liked to reprise the role, noting it was odd seeing someone take his part, "but I'll be looking forward to seeing this one". [cite news | author = Jennifer Vineyard | title = ‘Hulk’ Stars Give Thumbs-Up For Sequel Counterparts; Marvel Goes Red | work = MTV | date = 2007-11-03 | url = | accessdate=2007-11-03]

Additional cast members include Tim Blake Nelson as the scientist Samuel Sterns, and Ty Burrell as psychiatrist Leonard Samson. Robert Downey Jr. cameos as Tony Stark at the end of the film, reprising his role from "Iron Man". He did it as a favor to Marvel Studios, which he acknowledged as a smart move, because when he was promoting his film he would also have to mention their other production. [cite news | author = Edward Douglas | title = Robert Downey Jr. is Iron Man! | work = Superhero Hype! | date = 2008-05-02 | url = | accessdate=2008-05-02] Hulk co-creator Stan Lee cameos as a man who becomes ill when drinking the soda poisoned by the Hulk's blood. Michael K. Williams appears in the film, in a role that was written for him by Norton, who is a fan of "The Wire". [cite news | author = Eric Goldman | title = Wire Star Hulks Out | work = IGN | date = 2008-02-28 | url = | accessdate=2008-02-29] Paul Soles, who voiced Banner in the 1966 "The Marvel Superheroes" cartoon, cameos as Stanley, a kindly pizza restaurant owner who helps Banner. Additionally, the late Bill Bixby appears, when a scene featuring Bixby on his TV comedy-drama "The Courtship of Eddie's Father" plays on a television Banner is watching at the beginning of the film. Rickson Gracie has a small role as Bruce Banner's martial arts instructor, despite his Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu background, he is credited as an Aikido instructor.



At the time of the release of Ang Lee's "Hulk", screenwriter James Schamus was planning a sequel, featuring the Gray Hulk. He was also considering the Leader and the Abomination as villains. [cite news | url= | author=William Keck | title=Busting out: 'Hulk' stars aglow for the premiere | work=USA Today | date=2003-06-18 | accessdate=2006-08-18 ] During the filming of "Hulk", producer Avi Arad had a target May 2005 theatrical release date. [cite news | url= | author=Rob Worley | title=Arad Talks "Spider-Man 2", "Hulk 2" | work=Comics2Film | date=2002-03-11 | accessdate=2008-06-09] On January 18, 2006 Arad confirmed Marvel Studios would be providing the money for "The Incredible Hulk"'s production budget, with Universal distributing,cite news | author = Harry Knowles | title = Hulk 2 story BS! | work = Ain't It Cool News | date = 2006-01-18 | url = | accessdate=2007-05-09] because Universal did not meet the deadline for filming a sequel. [cite news | author = Steven Zeitchik | title = Marvel stock soars on rev outlook | work = Variety | date = 2006-02-23 | url = | accessdate=2008-03-22] Marvel felt it would be better to deviate from Ang Lee's style to continue the franchise, arguing his film was like a parallel universe one-shot comic book, and their next film needed to be, in Kevin Feige's words, "really" starting the Marvel Hulk franchise". Producer Gale Anne Hurd also felt the film had to meet what "everyone expects to see from having read the comics and seen the TV series".cite news | author = Nick de Semlyen | title = Fight Club | work = Empire | date = June 2008 | pages = 66-72]

Louis Leterrier, who enjoyed the TV series as a child and liked the first film,cite news | author = Edward Douglas | title = Exclusive: Letterier, Feige and Hurd on Hulk's Return | work = Superhero Hype! | date = 2008-04-20 | url = | accessdate=2008-04-21] had expressed interest in directing the "Iron Man" film adaptation. Jon Favreau had taken that project, so Marvel offered him the Hulk. Leterrier was reluctant as he was unsure if he could replicate Lee's style, but Marvel explained that was not their intent.cite news | author = Bryan Cairns | title = Director Louis Leterrier Talks Incredible Hulk | work = Newsarama | date = 2008-05-28 | url = | accessdate=2008-06-04] Leterrier's primary inspiration was Jeph Loeb and Tim Sale's "Hulk: Gray" (a retelling of his first appearance). He replicated every comic book panel that he pinned-up during pre-production, from the many comics he browsed, in the final film. Leterrier said that he planned to show Bruce Banner's struggle with the monster within him, [cite news | url= | title=Comic-Con 2006: "The Incredible Hulk Panel" | work=IGN | date=2006-07-23 | accessdate=2006-07-31] while Feige added the film would explore "that element of wish fulfillment, of overcoming an injustice or a bully and tapping into a strength that you didn't quite realize you had in yourself". [cite news | author = | title = Kevin Feige on Fantastic Four 2, Iron Man and The Incredible Hulk | work = | date = 2007-02-12 | url = | accessdate = 2007-09-18] Arad also said the film would be "a lot more of a love story between Bruce Banner and Betty Ross". [cite news | title = Make Ours Marvel | pages = 66 | work = Empire | date = 2006-05-26 | accessdate=2007-05-18]

Zak Penn, who wrote a draft of the first film in 1996, said the film would follow up "Hulk", but stressed it would be more tonally similar to the TV show and Bruce Jones' run on the comic. He compared his script to "Aliens", which was a very different film to "Alien", but still in the same continuity.cite news | author = Edward Douglas | title = Zak Penn on Norton as Hulk! | work = Superhero Hype! | date = 2007-04-16 | url = | accessdate=2007-04-17] He included two scenes from his 1996 script: Banner jumping from a helicopter to trigger a transformation, and realizing he is unable to have sex with Betty.cite news | author = Anne Thompson | title = Incredible Hulk: Setting the Record Straight | work = Variety | date = 2008-06-13 | url = | accessdate=2008-07-08] Penn wrote three drafts, before departing in early 2007 to direct "The Grand". Norton, who had rewritten previous films he starred in, wrote a new draft, which pleased the director and the studio in establishing the film as a reboot.cite news | title = Norton's Double Duty on Hulk | work = Superhero Hype! | date = 2007-08-15 | url = | accessdate=2007-09-06] Leterrier acknowledged the only remaining similarity between the two films was Bruce hiding in South America, and that the film was a unique reboot, as generally audiences would have expected another forty minute origin story. There were previously discussions to set the first act in Thailand.cite news | author = Charlie Jane Anders | title = The Hulk Almost Trashed Times Square, Designer Tells io9 | work = io9 | date = 2008-06-20 | url = | accessdate=2008-06-21] Leterrier felt audiences were left restless waiting for the character to arrive in Ang Lee's film.cite news | title = Scott Huver | title = The Incredible Hulk: A Smashing Sampling of Scenes | work = Superhero Hype! | date = 2008-05-27 | url = | accessdate=2008-05-27] Gale Anne Hurd noted fans dubbed the film a "requel", a portmanteau of reboot and sequel. [cite news | author = Cal Kemp | title = Gale Anne Hurd Interview - The Incredible Hulk | work = Collider | date = 2008-06-16 | url = | accessdate=2008-06-17]

Norton explained of his decision to ignore Lee's origin story, "I don't even like the phrase origin story, and I don't think in great literature and great films that explaining the roots of the story doesn't mean it comes in the beginning." "Audiences know this story," he added, " [so] deal with it artfully." He wanted to "have revelations even in the third act about what set this whole thing in motion". The new origin story references Ultimate Marvel's take on the Hulk, which also had him created in an attempt to create supersoldiers. [cite news|author=Patrick Lee|title=The producers and director of Hulk flex their rebooting muscles to turn the franchise into a green machine|work=Sci Fi Weekly|date=2008-06-09|url=|accessdate=2008-07-17] Norton's rewrite also added the character of Doc Samson and made references to other Marvel characters, [cite news | author = Jarrod Saraffin | title = Comic Con: Incredible Hulk Highlights | work = Mania Movies | date = 2007-07-29 | url = | accessdate=2007-07-30] while writing out Rick Jones and toning down S.H.I.E.L.D.'s presence. He also added the scene where Banner attempts to extract a cure from a flower and his e-mailing with Samuel Sterns, which references Bruce Jones' story. [cite news|author=Cal Kemp|title=Kevin Feige Interview - The Incredible Hulk||date=2008-06-17|url=|accessdate=2008-07-08] Norton rewrote scenes every day. Ultimately, the Writers Guild of America decided to credit the script solely to Penn, [cite news | author = Robert Sanchez | title = Zak Penn Receives Sole Writing Credit on The Incredible Hulk | work = | date = 2008-06-04 | url = | accessdate=2008-06-05] who argued Norton had not dramatically changed his script. Journalist Anne Thompson explained "The Guild tends to favor plot, structure and pre-existing characters over dialogue." Before either Penn and Norton joined the project, an anonymous screenwriter wrote a draft and lobbied for credit.

Marvel chose the Abomination as the villain because he was the most famous enemy, and because he would be an actual threat to the Hulk, unlike General Thaddeus "Thunderbolt" Ross.cite news | title = Louis Letterrier Discusses Villains for The Incredible Hulk | work = Superheroflix | date = 2007-11-28 | url = | accessdate=2008-03-31] Letterier updated Blonsky's KGB background from the comics, making him a soldier. The character acts as Banner's foil: "a fighter, he’s a machine, he’s a very effective, cool-as-a-cucumber soldier that is over the hill – 38, 39 years old – has finished his life as a soldier, should be a Colonel by now and has never accepted that failure. He loves being a fighter, loves being on the field." It was Roth who suggested Blonsky be a special forces soldier, whom his superiors would "drop in the jungle and go away and then come back a month later and pick him up. You don't really want to know what he's done!"


Leterrier had to direct four units with a broken foot.cite news | title = News Etc. | work = Empire | date = April 2008 | pages = 15-16] Filming began on July 9, 2007. The sets were built in Toronto, while locations in the city included the University of Toronto, Morningside Park, the Financial District and Yonge Street, which was closed for four nights in September to shoot the Hulk and Blonsky's clash at 125th Street. Hamilton, Ontario was the shooting location for the factory where Blonsky first encounters the Hulk, as well as part of their fight in New York, and the film also shot in CFB Trenton in Trenton, Ontario and at a glacier in Bella Coola, British Columbia. Afterwards, there was a week-long shoot in New York City and two weeks in Rio de Janeiro.cite news | title = Hulk Filming at CFB Trenton | work = Superhero Hype! | date = 2007-07-31 | url = | accessdate=2007-10-02] While in that city, the crew shot in Lapa, Tijuca Forest and Santa Teresa. Filming concluded in November after eighty-eight days of filming.

"The Incredible Hulk" joined Toronto's Green-Screen initiative, to help cut carbon emissions and waste created during filming. [cite news | author = Tim Lai | title = City's film industry aim to be eco-friendly | work = Toronto Star | date = 2007-09-11 | url = | accessdate=2007-09-12] Producer Gale Anne Hurd acknowledged the Hulk, being green, was a popular environmental analogy, and Norton himself was an environmentalist. Hybrid and fuel efficient vehicles were used, with low sulfur diesel as their energy source. The construction department used a sustainably harvested, locally sourced yellow pine instead of lauan for the sets, and also used zero-or low-VOC paint. The wood was generally recycled or given to environmental organizations, and paint cans were handed to waste management. In addition, they used; cloth bags; biodegradable food containers; china and silverware food utensils; a stainless steel mug for each production crew member; a contractor who removed bins; recycled paper; biodegradable soap and cleaners in the trailers and production offices; and the sound department used rechargeable batteries. "The Incredible Hulk" became the first blockbuster film to receive the Environmental Media Association's Green Seal, which is displayed during the end credits. [cite news|author=Libby McCarthy|title=Hurd helping to green Hollywood|work=Variety|date=2008-06-12|url=|accessdate=2008-08-12]


Leterrier had planned to use prosthetic makeup and animatronics to complement the computer-generated imagery that was solely used in the previous film. [cite news | url= | title= Director Louis Leterrier on "The Incredible Hulk"! | work=Superhero Hype! | date=2006-09-15 | accessdate=2006-11-06 ] Norton and Roth provided motion capture for their characters, and filmed their fights on a stage with 37 digital cameras. Leterrier cited the motion capture portrayals of Gollum and King Kong by Andy Serkis (from "The Lord of the Rings" and "King Kong") as the standard he was aiming for. The two actors filmed 2500 takes of different movements the monsters would make (such as the Hulk's "thunder claps"). Phosphorescent face paint applied to the actors' faces and strobe lighting would help record the most subtle mannerisms into the computer.cite news | author = Tom Russo|title=Making 2008's 'The Incredible Hulk' more than a shade better|work=Los Angeles Times|date=2008-06-15|url=,0,4179500.story|accessdate=2008-07-08] Others including Cyril Raffaelli provided motion capture when either actor was unavailable. Leterrier hired Rhythm and Hues to provide the CGI, while Image Engine spent over a year working on a shot where Banner's gamma-iradiated blood falls through three factory floors into a bottle. [cite news | author = Marke Andrews | title = Vancouver's visual effects makers bulk up | work = The Vancouver Sun | date = 2008-04-11 | url = | accessdate=2008-04-12]

Dale Keown's comic book artwork of the Hulk was an inspiration for his design. Leterrier felt the first Hulk had "too much fat [and] the proportions were a little off". He explained, "The Hulk is beyond perfect so there is zero grams of fat, all chiseled, and his muscle and strength defines this creature so he’s like a tank." Visual effects supervisor Kurt Williams envisioned the Hulk's physique as a linebacker rather than a bodybuilder. A height of n ine feet was chosen for the character as they did not want him to be too inhuman. To make him more expressive, computer programs controlling the inflation of his muscles and saturation of skin color were created. Williams cited flushing as an example of humans' skin color being influenced by their emotions.cite news | author = Universal Studios / Marvel Studios | title = Production notes | date = 2008-06-01 | url = | accessdate=2008-06-11] The animators felt green blood would make his skin become darker rather than lighter, and his skin tones, depending on lighting, either resemble an olive or even gray slate. Leterrier cited "An American Werewolf in London" as the inspiration for Banner's transformation, wanting to show how painful it was for him to change. [cite news | author = Drew McWeeny | title = AICN EXCLUSIVE! Moriarty Visits The Editing Room For The Incredible Hulk! | work = Ain't It Cool News | date = 2008-05-26 | url = | accessdate=2008-05-27] As a nod to the live action TV series, Banner's eyes change color first when he transforms.cite news | author = Shawn Adler | title = 'Incredible Hulk' Trailer: Shot-By-Shot Analysis Shows Green Guy Has Control Issues | work = MTV | date = 2008-03-12 | url = | accessdate=2008-03-13]

Leterrier changed the Abomination's design from the comics because he felt the audience would question why he resembled a fish or a reptile, instead of "an über-human" like the Hulk. Instead, his hideousness is derived from being injected multiple times into his skin, muscles and bones; creating a creature with a protruding spine and sharp bones that he can use to stab. His green skin is pale, and reflects light, so it appears orange because of surrounding fire during the climactic battle. The character also shares Roth's tattoos. [cite news | author = Shawn Adler | title = 'Incredible Hulk' Baddie Tim Roth Offers A Glimpse Into His 'Fascinating Character' And Monstrous Alter Ego | work = MTV | date = 2008-04-24 | url = | accessdate=2008-04-24] A height of eleven feet was chosen for the character. Leterrier tried to work in the character's pointed ears, but realized the Hulk would bite them off (using the example of Mike Tyson when he fought Evander Holyfield), and felt ignoring that would make the Hulk come across as stupid. [cite news | author = Rob Worley | title = Louis Leterrier on 'The Incredible Hulk' controversies | work = Comics2Film | date = 2008-06-13 | url = | accessdate=2008-06-13]

The make-up artists who worked on "" created Blonsky's gradual transformation. Zak Penn said they approached his mutation as "not [being] used to having these properties. Like he's much heavier, and we talked about how when he walks down the sidewalk, his weight destroys the sidewalk and he's tripping. [It's all about] the humanization of these kinds of superhero characters, showing the effects physics may actually have on [them] ." [cite news | author = Scott Collura | title = Hulk Villain Talk | work = IGN | date = 2007-05-03 | url = | accessdate=2007-05-10]


Craig Armstrong was the arranger for Massive Attack, a band Leterrier was fond of and had collaborated with on "Unleashed" (2005). Armstrong was his first choice, which surprised Marvel, not knowing if he had scored an action film (he did compose 2001's "Kiss of the Dragon").cite news|author=Rudy Koppl|title=Director Louis Leterrier - Opening the Mind's Eye|work=Music from the Movies|date=2008|url=|accessdate=2008-07-10] Even the temp track consisted of Armstrong's work and similar music by others. The Hulk, alongside the Green Lantern, was one of Armstrong's favorite comics as a child, although he did not see the first film.cite news|author=Rudy Koppl|title=The Incredible Hulk - Dr. Bruce Banner's Hidden Secrets|work=Music from the Movies|date=2008|url=|accessdate=2008-07-10]

Armstrong began composing in his home in Glasgow, Scotland with three sequences; the Hulk and Betty in the cave; the Abomination and the Hulk's alley fight; and Bruce and Betty's reunion. The majority was composed in a few weeks in Los Angeles, California, which was very intense for the director and composer. The score was recorded over four days during late April 2008 in a chapel in Bastyr University, located in Kenmore, Washington. Pete Lockett played ethnic instruments in the score, which were recorded in London and mixed together with the orchestra and electronics.

The Hulk and the Abomination both have two themes, representing their human and monstrous forms. The Hulk's theme was meant to be iconic and simple, like "Jaws" (1975), with string glissandos on a base C note. Banner's theme is tragic and includes parts of Joe Harnell's "The Lonely Man" theme from the television series. Armstrong played the piano for one scene featuring that piece. Blonsky has a dark theme, which becomes aggressive when he transforms. Armstrong interplayed the Hulk and the Abomination's themes during their battle, and found scoring the action sequences similar to a dance. There is also a suspenseful theme, and a love theme.

Leterrier suggested the score be released on two discs, which Armstrong believed to be a joke. Only when he compiled the album and Marvel asked why they were only given one disc, did he realize they were serious.



Seventy minutes of footage, mostly dealing with the origin, were not included in the final cut.cite news | title = Director Louis Leterrier Interview – The Incredible Hulk | work = Collider | date = 2008-06-16 | url = | accessdate=2008-06-17] This included an early scene where Banner comes to the Arctic to commit suicide, which was considered too intense for young viewers. [cite news | title = Exclusive! Captain America on Hulk – The real deal! | work = SOS Hollywood | date = 2008-06-10 | url = | accessdate=2008-06-11] Much of this back-story was unscripted and the filmmakers were never sure of including it into the final cut, and had considered releasing some of these clips on the internet. Editor Kyle Cooper, creator of the Marvel logo (with the flipping pages) and the montage detailing Iron Man's biography in that film, edited together much of this footage into the opening credits.cite news | author = Robert Sanchez | title = Edit Bay Visit Part 1: Incredible New Footage from The Incredible Hulk! | work = | date = 2008-05-27 | url = | accessdate=2008-05-27] Leterrier explained a negative test screening, where flashbacks were placed across the film that the audience found too similar to "Hulk", had resulted in compressing these to the film's start.

Norton and Leterrier disputed with the producers over the final running time: they wanted it to be near 135 minutes, while the producers wanted the film to be under two hours. This was made public, and rumors spread that Norton "made it clear he won't cooperate with publicity plans if he's not happy with the final product". [cite news | url = | author = Brooks Barnes | title = What’s Big and Green, and Desperate to Be a Hit All Over? | work = The New York Times | date = 2008-04-10 | accessdate=2008-04-10] Norton dismissed this, "Our healthy process [of collaboration] , which is and should be a private matter, was misrepresented publicly as a 'dispute', seized on by people looking for a good story, and has been distorted to such a degree that it risks distracting from the film itself, which Marvel, Universal and I refuse to let happen. It has always been my firm conviction that films should speak for themselves and that knowing too much about how they are made diminishes the magic of watching them." [cite news | author = Gregory Kirschling | title = 'The Incredible Hulk': Behind-the-Scenes Drama | work = Entertainment Weekly | date = 2008-04-16 | url =,,20191802,00.html | accessdate=2008-04-16]


Universal and its promotional partners have tried to position "The Incredible Hulk" as a franchise reboot similar to "Batman Begins". Effort was made to promote the story as having a romance and a physical antagonist, and the title was used for promotional puns (such as 7-Eleven's "Incredible Gulp" slurpees, and "Incredible Dad" themed Father's Day gifts at Kmart). Burger King also promoted the film, and General Nutrition Centers used the title character as a role model for strength training.cite news | author = T.L. Stanley | title = BK, 7-Eleven Adding Bulk to Hulk Redux | work = Brandweek | date = 2008-04-20 | url = | accessdate=2008-04-20] Hasbro created the toy line, which they released on May 3, 2008,cite news | author = Edward Douglas | title = Hasbro Previews G.I. Joe, Hulk, Iron Man, Indy & Clone Wars | work = | date = 2008-02-17 | url = | accessdate=2008-02-17] while Sega released a video game on June 5, 2008. [cite news | title = The Incredible Hulk Trailer Coming Early March | work = Superhero Hype! | date = 2008-02-19 | url = | accessdate=2008-02-19] The film was promoted in an episode of "American Gladiators" on June 9, 2008, which was hosted by Hulk Hogan and featured Lou Ferrigno. [cite news | title = 'Gladiators' Hulks up | work = The Hollywood Reporter | date = 2008-05-23 | url = | accessdate=2008-05-23]

Following the edit dispute, Universal's Adam Fogleson and Norton planned a promotional tour which would avoid constant media interviews and therefore uncomfortable questions. He attended the premiere, took part in a "Jimmy Kimmel Live!" sketch and would also promote the film in Japan. However, during the film's release he chose to do charity work in Africa. [cite news|title=For the record|work=Los Angeles Times|date=2008-06-14|url=|accessdate=2008-07-08]

Home media

The film will be released on DVD and Blu-ray on October 21, 2008. There will be widescreen and fullscreen single-disc editions; a three-disc special edition; and a two-disc Blu-ray package. The first disc contains an audio commentary by Leterrier and Roth as well as deleted scenes, while the second comes with special features and the third with a digital copy of the film. [cite news|author=Dave Foster|title=The Incredible Hulk (R1) in October - Full details|work=DVD Times|date=2008-08-26|url=|accessdate=2008-08-26] The Blu-ray edition compresses the content of the first two DVD discs onto one, while the second disc contains the digital copy. [cite news|author=Dave Foster|title=The Incredible Hulk (US BD) in October|work=DVD Times|date=2008-08-26|url=|accessdate=2008-08-26] The package features a green border, marking the first time the Blu-ray case for a film is not blue. [cite news|title=The Incredible Hulk Blu-ray Packaging, BD-Live, and Additional Footage|work=The HD Room|date=2008-08-19|url=|accessdate=2008-08-20]



As of June 20, 2008, the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported that 68% of 171 critics gave the film positive reviews. [cite web|url= |title=The Incredible Hulk Movie Reviews, Pictures - Rotten Tomatoes |accessdate=2008-06-13 |work=Rotten Tomatoes] Metacritic reported the film received an average score of 61 out of 100, based on 36 reviews. The site characterized reviews as "generally favorable". [cite web|url= |title=Incredible Hulk, The (2008): Reviews |accessdate=2008-06-13 |work=Metacritic]

Rene Rodriguez of "The Miami Herald" applauded that the film "does a lot of things [Ang] Lee's "Hulk" didn't: It's lighter and faster-paced, it's funnier and it embraces (instead of ignoring) the 1970s TV series that furthered the character's popularity". [ [ Rodriguez, Rene. "The Miami Herald": Review, June 13, 2008] ] Mark Rahner of "The Seattle Times" wrote that, "The relaunch of Marvel's green goliath is an improvement over director Ang Lee's ponderous 2003 "Hulk" in nearly every way — except that the actual Hulk still looks scarcely better than something from a video game, and he still barely talks". [ [ Rahner, Mark. "The Seattle Times": Review, June 13, 2008] ] Lou Lumenick of "The New York Post" said, "What lingers in my memory ... is the lengthy, essentially animated climactic battle between the Hulk and the Abomination on the streets and rooftops of Harlem, and an earlier showdown between the title creature and the U.S. Army, which is deploying high-tech weapons including sound-wave cannons. These are expertly staged by director Louis Leterrier, who disposes of the backstory under the opening credits and wraps up the whole thing in twenty-four minutes less than [Ang] Lee took". [ [ Lumenick, Lou. "The New York Post": Review, June 13, 2008] ]

Conversely, Christy Lemire of the "Associated Press" found that "the inevitable comparisons to "Iron Man", Marvel Studios' first blockbuster this summer, serve as a glaring reminder of what this Hulk lacks: wit and heart. Despite the presence of Edward Norton, an actor capable of going just as deep as Robert Downey Jr., we don't feel a strong sense of Bruce Banner's inner conflict". [ [ Lemire, Christy. Associated Press via "Rocky Mountain News": "'Hulk' a big let down", June 12, 2008] ] A.O. Scott of "The New York Times" opined, "'The Adequate Hulk' would have been a more suitable title. There are some big, thumping fights and a few bright shards of pop-cultural wit, but for the most part this movie seems content to aim for the generic mean". [ [ Scott, A.O. "The New York Times": Review, June 13 2008.] ] David Ansen of "Newsweek" wrote, "Leterrier has style, he's good with action and he's eager to give the audience its money's worth of bone-crunching battles. Still, once the movie leaves the atmospheric Brazilian settings, nothing in this "Hulk" sinks in deeply: its familiar genre pleasures are all on the surface. ... The movie's scene stealer is Tim Blake Nelson, making a comically welcome third act appearance as the unethical but madly enthusiastic scientist Samuel Stern". [ [ Ansen, David. "Newsweek" Web Exclusive: 2:14 p.m. ET June 12, 2008] ]

The film was nominated for best superhero film at the 2008 National Movie Awards. [cite news|url=|title=Mamma Mia! leads film award nods|work=BBC News Online|date=2008-08-01|accessdate=2008-08-24]

Box office

In its opening weekend, the film grossed $55.4 million in 3,505 theaters in the United States and Canada, ranking #1 at the box office. [cite web|url= |title=The Incredible Hulk (2008) - Weekend Box Office Results |accessdate=2008-06-16 |work=Box Office Mojo] The previous film earned $62.1 million in its opening weekend, but dropped 70% in its second weekend. The second film by comparison, dropped 60% in its second weekend. [cite web|url= |title=Hulk (2003) - Weekend Box Office Results |accessdate=2003-06-20 |work=Box Office Mojo] Behind ', it was the second-highest gross for a film released over a Father's Day weekend. [cite news | author = Pamela McClintock | title = Box office goes green with 'Hulk' | work = Variety | date = 2008-06-15 | url = | accessdate=2008-06-16] This surpassed the "Los Angeles Timess report of expectations of a $45 million opening, following the disappointing response to the 2003 film. Universal believed word of mouth will contribute to the film eventually breaking even.cite news | author = Josh Friedman | title = New 'Incredible Hulk' may be bigger than old one | work = Los Angeles Times | date = 2008-06-16 | url = | accessdate=2008-10-01] A CinemaScore poll indicated the majority of viewers were male and graded the film an A-, and 82% of them had seen the 2003 film. [cite news | author = Joshua Rich | title = 'Hulk': An 'Incredible' Weekend Win | work = Entertainment Weekly | date = 2008-06-15 | url =,,20206822,00.html | accessdate=2008-06-16]

It also opened in thirty-eight other countries, which added $31 million to the total opening. The film outgrossed the 2003 film in South Korea, while its openings in Mexico and Russia created records for Universal. [cite news | author = Dave McNary | title = 'Happening' beats 'Hulk' overseas | work = Variety | date = 2008-06-15 | url = | accessdate=2008-06-16] The film grossed 24 million yuan (roughly $3.4 million) in its Chinese opening on August 26, outgrossing the previous film's overall gross of ten million yuan. [cite news|title="Incredible Hulk" takes in $3.5 mln from Chinese movie-goers|publisher=Xinhua News Agency|date=2008-08-26|url=|accessdate=2008-08-26] As of September 7, 2008, "The Incredible Hulk" has grossed $134,533,885 in the United States,as well as $124,730,197 internationally, bringing its worldwide gross to $259,264,082. [cite web|url=|title=The Incredible Hulk|work=The Numbers|accessdate=2008-09-08] [cite web|title=The Incredible Hulk (2008)|work=Box Office Mojo|url=|accessdate=2008-08-21] The film, even though it barely passed its predecessor, is still considered successful. Entertainment analyst David Davis told "The Hollywood Reporter", "The first Hulk had such high expectations after the NBC Universal merger and was supposed to be critical favorite Ang Lee's breakout commercial blockbuster. Then with the new Hulk film, Marvel was able to underplay the importance of the success after the great success of "Iron Man" this summer. So the new one overdelivered, relative to its underpromise." [cite news|author=Carl DiOrio|title='Hulk' versus 'Hulk': Similar boxoffice receives different reactions|work=The Hollywood Reporter|date=2008-07-08|url=|accessdate=2008-07-09]


Samuel Sterns, played by Tim Blake Nelson, was introduced to set him up as a villain in a future film, where he would become the Leader. Nelson is signed on to reprise the role. Ty Burrell wants to portray the superpowered Doc Samson faithfully to the comics. [cite news | author = Shawn Adler | title = 'Incredible Hulk' Stars, Director Already Have Wish List For 'Hulk 2': Iron Man, Samson, The Leader And More | work = | date = 2008-06-12 | url = | accessdate=2008-06-13] Norton said, "The whole thing was to envision it in multiple parts. We left a lot out on purpose. ["The Incredible Hulk"] is definitely intended as chapter one." Leterrier made the film's final shot of Banner ambiguous; the thought being if there is a sequel, it would mean Banner finally masters control over his anger; if there is not a sequel, the shot indicates instead that in the scheduled 2011 feature "The Avengers", he becomes a menace. [cite news | author = Shawn Adler | title = Should Hulk Be The Villain In 'The Avengers'? You Decide, Says Hulk Director | work = MTV Movies Blog | date = 2008-06-13 | url = | accessdate=2008-06-13] Leterrier and Roth are contracted to return, but Norton is not. [cite news | author = Paul Fischer | title = Exclusive Interview: Louis Letterier for "The Incredible Hulk" | work = Dark Horizons | date = 2008-06-17 | url = | accessdate=2008-06-17] Though not by much, the film has outgrossed its predecessor and Universal is confident in making another film. [cite news | author = Pamela McClintock | title = Box office outperforms expectations | work = Variety | date = 2008-07-04 | url = | accessdate=2008-07-04] However, by July 21, Leterrier believed a sequel would not be made because of the film's box office return. Leterrier is confident that the character will appear in "The Avengers", even if Norton is not contracted. [cite news | author = Garth Franklin | url = | title = Leterrier On More "Hulk", "America" | work = Dark Horizons | date = 2008-07-21 | accessdate = 2008-07-24] Kevin Feige said the film met Marvel's expectations and that Hulk will return. [cite news|author=Edward Douglas|title=SDCC: Tidbits from the Marvel Panel||date=2008-07-25|url=|accessdate=2008-07-25]


External links

* [ Official site]
*imdb title|id=0800080|title=The Incredible Hulk
*rotten-tomatoes|id=the_incredible_hulk|title=The Incredible Hulk
*mojo title|id=incrediblehulk|title=The Incredible Hulk
* [ "The Incredible Hulk"] at Yahoo! MoviesBox Office Leaders USA
before = Kung Fu Panda
date = June 15
year = 2008
after = Get Smart

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