1909 in Australia

1909 in Australia

Infobox Australian year
year = 1909
monarch = Edward VII
governor-general = William Ward, 2nd Earl of Dudley
pm =Alfred Deakin
population = 4,272,439
australian =
elections =Queensland, Tasmania
"See also:"
1908 in Australia,
other events of 1909,
1910 in Australia and the
Timeline of Australian history.


*Monarch – King Edward VII
*Governor-GeneralWilliam Ward, 2nd Earl of Dudley
*Prime MinisterAndrew Fisher (until June 2), then Alfred Deakin

tate premiers

*Premier of New South WalesCharles Wade
*Premier of South AustraliaThomas Price (until 5 June), then Archibald Peake
*Premier of QueenslandWilliam Kidston
*Premier of TasmaniaJohn Evans (until 19 June), then Sir Elliott Lewis (until 20 October), then John Earle (until 27 October), then Sir Elliott Lewis
*Premier of Western AustraliaSir Newton Moore
*Premier of VictoriaSir Thomas Bent (until 8 January), then John Murray

tate governors

*Governor of New South WalesAdmiral Sir Harry Rawson (until March 24), then Frederic Thesiger, 3rd Baron Chelmsford (from May 28)
*Governor of South AustraliaSir George Le Hunte (until January 2), then Sir Day Bosanquet (from March 29)
*Governor of QueenslandFrederic Thesiger, 3rd Baron Chelmsford (until May 26), then Sir William MacGregor (from December 2)
*Governor of Tasmania – Sir Gerald Strickland (until May 20), then Sir Harry Barron (from September 29)
*Governor of Western AustraliaAdmiral Sir Frederick Bedford (until April 23), then Sir Gerald Strickland (from May 31)
*Governor of VictoriaSir Thomas Gibson-Carmichael


*January 8Sir Thomas Bent retires as Premier of Victoria, and is replaced by John Murray.
*March 9 – Electric trams begin operation in Adelaide.
*March 31Victoria is the last Australian state to grant women's suffrage.
*April 30 – Tasmania begins to use the Hare-Clark single transferable vote method in the 1909 general election.
*May 26 – The Protectionist Party and the Free Trade Party merge to form the Fusion Party), led by Alfred Deakin.
*June 2 – The Labor government of Andrew Fisher is ousted from office by Alfred Deakin's Fusion Party, and Deakin becomes Prime Minister for the third time.
*June 5 – Steam trams begin operation in Rockhampton, Queensland.
*August 18 to August 21 – Disastrous floods strike Victoria.
*October 6Martha Rendell becomes the last woman to be hanged in Western Australia.
*October 9John Earle becomes Premier of Tasmania, leading Tasmania's first Labor government, however Earle's minority government only lasts a week.
*December 10 – The University of Queensland is established.
*December 14New South Wales passes law ceding land to the Commonwealth for construction of the national capital, Canberra.
*December 21 – British Field Marshal Lord Kitchener arrives in Darwin after an invitation from Alfred Deakin to review Australia's military and defence plans.
*December 24 – Former Prime Minister Sir George Reid resigns from Parliament to become Australia's first High Commissioner to the United Kingdom.

cience and Technology

*July 16 – The first powered aeroplane flight in Australia is made.


*January 29New South Wales wins the Sheffield Shield
*June 15 – Representatives from England, Australia and South Africa meet at Lord's and form the Imperial Cricket Conference.
*August 21 – Andrew Wood wins the inaugural men's national marathon title, clocking 2:59:15 in Brisbane. The race was the Australasian Championships, but it was not considered the official national championship by the Australian Athletics Union.
*August 31 – The first interstate ice hockey competition is held in Melbourne.
*October 29 – The South Melbourne Swans defeat the Carlton Blues 4.14 (38) to 4.12 (36) in the 1909 VFL Grand Final.
*November 2 – "Prince Foote" wins the Melbourne Cup.


*January 19Leon Goldsworthy, explosives expert (d. 1994)
*February 8Elisabeth Murdoch, philanthropist
*February 13Reginald Ansett, businessman and aviator (d. 1981)
*March 2Percival Bazeley, scientist (d. 1991)
*March 19Nell Hall Hopman, tennis player (d. 1968)
*March 26Chips Rafferty, actor (d. 1971)
*April 9Robert Helpmann, dancer and choreographer (d. 1986)
*May 23William Sidney, 1st Viscount De L'Isle, Governor General of Australia (d. 1991)
*June 15Cyril Walsh, High Court judge (d. 1973)
*June 20Errol Flynn, Australian actor (d. 1959)
*June 23Keith Virtue, aviator (d. 1980)
*July 6Eric Reece, Premier of Tasmania (d. 1999)
*September 9Decima Norman, athlete (d. 1983)
*September 10Dorothy Hill, geologist (d. 1998)
*December 3Stanley Burbury, Governor of Tasmania (d. 1995)


*February 9Charles Conder, artist (b. 1868)
*March 4Max Hirsch, economist (b. 1852)
*March 14William Charles Kernot, engineer (b. 1845)
*April 6Sir Julian Salomons, chief justice and politician (b. 1836)
*April 18William Saumarez Smith, Anglican archbishop (b. 1836)
*April 28Henry D'Esterre Taylor, banker and Federationist (b. 1853)
*May 31Thomas Price, Premier of South Australia (b. 1852)
*June 29Sir George Shenton, first Mayor of Perth (b. 1842)
*July 23Sir Frederick Holder, Premier of South Australia (b. 1850)
*August 8Mary MacKillop, Australian nun (b. 1842)
*September 18Mary Lee, suffragette and social reformer (b. 1821)
*October 6Martha Rendell, last woman to be hanged in WA (b. 1871)
*November 10George Essex Evans, poet (b. 1863)
*December 6Sir William Henry Bundey, judge and politician (b. 1838)

ee also


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