The Chalybes or Chaldoi (Χάλυβες, Χάλυβοι, Χάλδοι) were a tribe of proto-Georgians. Classical Antiquity credited with the invention of ferrous metallurgy.

They settled in north Anatolia known as Chaldia near the shores of the Black Sea, from the Halys to Pharnakeia and Trabzon in the east and as far south as Eastern Anatolia.

The main sources for the history of the Chaldoi are accounts from classical authors, including Homer, Strabo, and Xenophon. The Chaldoi/Chalybes, Mossynoikoi, and Tubal/Tabal/Tibareni, are counted among the first ironsmith nations by classical authors.[1] In Roman times, the Chaldaei (homonymous but unrelated to the Semitic Chaldeans) and Chalybes are mentioned by Plutarch (Lucull. c. 14) as settling in Pontic Cappadocia, or the Pontus Cappadocicus section of the Roman province of Pontus.

Χάλυψ, the tribe's name in Greek, means "tempered iron, steel", a term that passed into Latin as chalybs, "steel". Sayce derived the Greek name Chalybe from Hittite Khaly-wa, "land of Halys"[2].



  • Giorgi Leon Kavtaradze: Probleme der historischen Geographie Anatoliens und Transkaukasiens im ersten Jahrtausend v. Chr., in: Orbis Terrarum 2 (1996) S. 191-216 [1].
  • Дэвид Лэнг (David Marshall Lang): Грузины. Хранители святынь, Москва. Центрполиграф, 2006. pp. 71–72

See also

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  • Chalȳbes — (a. Geogr.), Volksstamm auf der Ostküste von Pontos bis in die Gebirge Armeniens, angeblich nach Chalybs, einem Sohne des Ares, genannt; betrieben Fischfang u. Bergbau u. fertigten Eisenarbeiten …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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  • chalybes — chal·y·bes …   English syllables

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