Martin Tranmæl

Martin Tranmæl

Martin Olsen Tranmæl (27 June 1879 – 1 July 1967) was a radical Norwegian socialist leader.



Martin Tranmæl grew up in a middle-sized farm in Melhus, in Sør-Trøndelag county, Norway. He started working as a painter and construction worker. In the early 20th century, Tranmæl lived for a while in the USA where he came into contact with the American workers movement. When he moved back to Norway he became active in the Norwegian Labour Party where he soon became one of the main leaders of the Party's left wing and worked for many different socialist papers.

Tranmæl became a Communist after learning of the Russian Revolution of 1917, and he attended Comintern meetings in Russia and encouraged the Norwegian Labour Party to join the Communist International organization and accept the Twenty-one Conditions for membership. Eventually Tranmæl led the Norwegian Labour Party out of the Comintern after a conflict with its chairman Zinoviev in 1923. The Party was split in two and the Communist Party of Norway was formed that year by people who wanted to stay in the Comintern.

He participated in the Left Communist Youth League's military strike action of 1924. He agitated for it through the newspaper Arbeiderbladet, and was convicted for this crime and sentenced to 5 months days of prison.[1]

During World War II and the Nazi occupation of Norway, Tranmæl lived in exile in Stockholm, Sweden. He had many friends there like Zeth Höglund and Ture Nerman. After the war he returned to Norway, and while still a socialist, had more moderate views and supported the Norwegian membership in NATO in 1949.

Selected works

  • De faglige kampmidler og organisasjonsformer, (1911)
  • Hvad fagopposisjonen vil, (1913)
  • Hvem vil borgerkrig?, (1915)
  • Socialisme og de socialistiske fremgangslinjer, (1918)
  • Revolutionær fagbevægelse, (1920)
  • Cellebetragtninger, (1922)
  • Arbeiderungdom! Et alvorsord fra fengslet, arbeiderungdommen og kommunismen, (1925)


  • Olsen, Bjorn Gunnar (1991) Tranmæl og hans menn
  • Zachariassen, Aksel (1979) Martin Tranmæl
  • Lie, Haakon (1988) Martin Tranmæl


  1. ^ Maurseth, Per (1987) (in Norwegian). Gjennom kriser til makt 1920-1935. Volume three of Arbeiderbevegelsens historie i Norge. Oslo: Tiden. p. 502. ISBN 82-10-02753-0. 

External links

Party political offices
Preceded by
Magnus Nilssen
Party secretary of the Labour Party
Succeeded by
Einar Gerhardsen
Preceded by
Einar Gerhardsen
Party secretary of the Labour Party
Succeeded by
Einar Gerhardsen
Media offices
Preceded by
Olaf Scheflo
Chief editor of Arbeiderbladet
(publication stopped 1940–1945)
Succeeded by
Olav Larssen

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Martin Tranmæl — Martin Olsen Tranmæl (1879 1967) était un leader socialiste norvégien. Martin Tranmæl, fils d agriculteur, commence à travailler comme peintre et comme travailleur dans la construction. Au début du vingtième siècle, il vit quelque temps aux États …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Martin Tranmæl — Martin Olsen Tranmæl (* 27. Juni 1879 in Melhus, Sør Trøndelag; † 1. Juli 1967) war ein Führer der norwegischen Arbeiterbewegung. Vor dem Ersten Weltkrieg arbeitete Tranmæl sechs Jahre in den USA, wo er Kontakt zu den Industrial Workers of the… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Martin Tranmael — Martin Tranmæl Martin Olsen Tranmæl (1879 1967) était un leader socialiste norvégien. Martin Tranmæl, fils d agriculteur, commence à travailler comme peintre et comme travailleur dans la construction. Au début du vingtième siècle, il vit quelque… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Martin Kolberg — Party Secretary of the Labour Party In office 2002–2009 Preceded by Solveig Torsvik …   Wikipedia

  • Dagsavisen — Type Daily newspaper Format Tabloid (1990–present) Owner Stiftelsen Dagsavisen Editor Arne Strand …   Wikipedia

  • Ny Tid (Trondheim) — Not to be confused with Ny Tid, a later newspaper based in Oslo. Ny Tid was a Norwegian newspaper established in 1899 by the typographers Joh. Halseth and Alf Scheflo at the same time as they established their own printing office in Trondheim.… …   Wikipedia

  • Nils Aas — Retrato del escultor[nota 1] Nombre de nacimiento Nils Sig …   Wikipedia Español

  • Magnus Nilssen — (18 July 1871 – 20 November 1947) was Norwegian politician for the Labour and Social Democratic Labour parties. He was born in Lillehammer as a son of shoemaker Mathias Nilssen (1834–1920) and his wife Eline Pedersen (1835–1918).[1] He was a… …   Wikipedia

  • Partido Comunista de Noruega — Norges Kommunistiske Parti 200x150px Presidente Svend Haakon Jacobsen Fundación 1923 Ideología política Eurocomunismo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Christian Holtermann Knudsen — Member of Parliament In office 1906–1915 Personal details Born …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”