The volume of any solid, plasma, vacuum or theoretical object is how much three-
dimensional space it occupies, often quantified numerically. One-dimensional figures (such as lines) and two-dimensional shapes (such as squares) are assigned zero volume in the three-dimensional space.Volume is presented as ml or cm3.
Volumes of straight-edged and circular shapes are calculated using arithmetic formulae. Volumes of other curved shapes are calculated using
integral calculus, by approximating the given body with a large amount of small cubes or concentric cylindrical shells, and adding the individual volumes of those shapes. The volume of irregularly shaped objects can be determined by displacement. If an irregularly shaped object is less dense than the fluid, you will need a weight to attach to the floating object. A sufficient weight will cause the object to sink. The final volume of the unknown object can be found by subtracting the volume of the attached heavy object and the total fluid volume displaced.
differential geometry, volume is expressed by means of the volume form, and is an important global Riemannian invariant.
Volume and capacity are sometimes distinguished, with capacity being used for how much a container can hold (with contents measured commonly in
liters or its derived units), and volume being how much space an object displaces (commonly measured in cubic metrics or its derived units). The volume of a dispersed gas is the capacity of its container. If more gas is added to a closed container, the container either expands (as in a balloon) or the pressureinside the container increases.
Volume and capacity are also distinguished in a capacity management setting, where capacity is defined as volume over a specified time period.
Volume is a fundamental parameter in
thermodynamicsand it is conjugate to pressure.
(The units of volume depend on the units of length - if the lengths are in meters, the volume will be in cubic meters, etc)
The volume of a
parallelepipedis the absolute value of the scalar triple productof the subtending vectors, or equivalently the absolute value of the determinantof the corresponding matrix.
The volume of any
tetrahedron, given its vertices a, b, c and d, is (1/6)·|det(a−b, b−c, c−d)|, or any other combination of pairs of vertices that form a simply connected graph.
Volume measures: cooking
Traditional cooking measures for volume also include:
teaspoon= 1/6 U.S. fluid ounce (about 4.929 mL)
*teaspoon = 1/6 Imperial fluid ounce (about 4.736 mL)
*teaspoon = 5 mL (metric)
tablespoon= ½ U.S. fluid ounce or 3 teaspoons (about 14.79 mL)
*tablespoon = ½ Imperial fluid ounce or 3 teaspoons (about 14.21 mL)
*tablespoon = 15 mL or 3 teaspoons (metric)
*tablespoon = 5
fluidrams (about 17.76 mL) (British)
*cup = 8 U.S. fluid ounces or ½ U.S. liquid pint (about 237 mL)
*cup = 8 Imperial fluid ounces or ½ fluid pint (about 227 mL)
*cup = 250 mL (metric)
Relationship to density
densityof an object is defined as mass per unit volume.
The term "
specific volume" is used for volume divided by mass. This is the reciprocal of the mass density, expressed in units such as cubic meters per kilogram.(m³·kg-1).
Volume formula derivation
*Conversion of units
Orders of magnitude (volume)
* [http://www.phy.ilstu.edu/~mnorton/Geometry.txt FORTRAN code for finding volumes of various shapes]
* [http://www.pneumofore.com/support/tools Unit Converter Tool also for Volume]
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