- Human Rights Campaign
name = Human Rights Campaign
caption = The HRC equal sign logo
motto = Working for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Equal Rights
formation = 1980
leader_title = President
website = [http://www.hrc.org www.HRC.org] The Human Rights Campaign (HRC) is the largest
lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender( LGBT) lobbying group and political action committeein the United States, claiming more than 700,000 members and supporters. This membership count is questioned by some. [ [http://andrewsullivan.theatlantic.com/the_daily_dish/2007/03/hrcs_membership.html The Daily Dish | By Andrew Sullivan ] ] [ [http://washingtonblade.com/2005/5-6/news/national/members.cfm HRC â€˜membersâ€™ include all who ever donated $1 - Washington Blade ] ] [ [http://andrewsullivan.theatlantic.com/the_daily_dish/2007/03/hrc_responds_1.html The Daily Dish | By Andrew Sullivan ] ] The HRC mission statement is "HRC envisions an America where LGBT people are ensured of their basic equal rights; and can be open, honest and safe at home, at work and in the community." [ [http://www.hrc.org/about_us/what_we_do.asp HRC | What We Do ] ]
Programs, functions, and actions of the HRC
The Human Rights Campaign is a visible entity in U.S.
politics. It lobbies Congress for support of LGBT-positive bills, works to build an LGBT-friendly Congress by funding those politicians that support the LGBT community, mobilizes grassrootsaction amongst its members, and encourages members to exercise their right to vote in every election. The organization overwhelmingly supports Democratic candidates running for office, although HRC supports some moderate Republicans. [ [http://www.opensecrets.org/orgs/summary.asp?ID=D000000158&Name=Human+Rights+Campaign Donor Profiles ] ]
Through its website, the HRC also helps members identify their state and local lawmakers, review scorecards of how legislators rate on LGBT issues, and draft correspondence to lawmakers. Additionally, the website helps members research state and local laws on issues that are central to LGBT causes.
Additionally, HRC maintains suggestions on
coming outand information about workplace issues (in the Corporate Equality Index).
History and leadership
The Human Rights Campaign Fund was established in 1980 by
Steve Endeanto raise money for gay-supportive congressional candidates. Within three months, the HRC was registered with the Federal Election Commissionas an independent political action committee. In 1983, Vic Basile, one of the leading LGBT rights activists in Washington, D.C. at the time, was elected as the first executive director. In October 1986, the HRC Foundation was formed. As with many gay organizations in the 1980s, HRC was devastated by the onslaught of AIDSand its membership spent much of the decade struggling to hold their ground.
In January 1989, Basile announced his departure, and the HRC reorganized from serving mainly as a political action committee (PAC) to becoming a lobbying and political organization. HRC's new Statement of Purpose became,
Tim McFeeley, a graduate of Harvard Law School, and founder of the Boston Lesbian and Gay Political Alliance and a co-chair of the New EnglandHRC Committee, was elected the new executive director. Total membership was then approximately 25,000 members.fact|date=January 2008
In 1992, the HRC endorsed a presidential candidate for the first time —
ArkansasGovernor Bill Clinton. In March 1993, National Coming Out Daybecame a project of the HRC. From January 1995 until January 2004, Elizabeth Birchserved as the executive director of the HRC. Under her leadership, the institution more than quadrupled its membership to 500,000 members and purchased an office building for its Washington, D.C. headquarters.fact|date=January 2008
The headquarters building was purchased from B'nai B'rith International in 2002 for $9.8 million. A large national capital campaign raised over $28 million for the project. After extensive renovations of the mid-century modern structure, the building is currently valued at over $18 million.fact|date=January 2008As part of the festivities surrounding the
Millennium March on Washington, the Human Rights Campaign Foundation sponsored a fundraising concert, "Equality Rocks," on 29 April, 2000. Over 45,000 people attended at Washington DC's RFK Stadium to watch Melissa Etheridge, Garth Brooks, Pet Shop Boys, k.d. lang, Nathan Lane, Rufus Wainwright, Albita Rodríguez, and Chaka Khan. Billed as a concert to end hate crimes, the event featured the parents of Matthew Shepard, and also honored families of hate crime victims.
In August 2000, Birch became the first leader of a LGBT organization to address the convention of a major political party when she spoke before the
Democratic National Convention.
Cheryl Jacques, resigned in November 2004 after only 11 months as executive director. In a statement released by the organization, Jacques resigned over "a difference in management philosophy". Incidentally, Birch's partner, Hilary Rosen, former chief executive of the Recording Industry Association of America, was named as interim replacement.
In March 2005, HRC announced the appointment of
Joe Solmoneseas the president, describing him as one of the "nation's most accomplished and respected progressive leaders".
The Human Rights Campaign also consists of a Board of Directors and a Board of Governors. The Human Rights Campaign Foundation, a non-profit entity, also maintains a separate Board. In December 2004, they named
Michael S. Bermanas their Board chair.
On 5 May 2007, the House of Representatives passed the
Matthew Shepard Act, which would expand the 1969 federal hate-crime law to include crimes motivated by a victim's gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, or disability, as well as remove the existing prerequisite that the victim be engaging in a federally-protected activity. The HRC has lobbied extensively for this expansion. The legislation passed the United States Senateon 20 September 2007. The amendment was attached to the Defense Reauthorization Bill and President Bush announced he would likely veto the bill if it reached his desk with the amendment attached. [ [http://www.pinknews.co.uk/news/articles/2005-5582.html US Senate passes gay hate crimes law- from Pink News- all the latest gay news from the gay community - Pink News ] ] Ultimately, the House and Senate were not able to reconcile their individual versions of the amendment, and it was dropped from the final draft of the Defense Reauthorization Bill. [ [http://www.washblade.com/thelatest/thelatest.cfm?blog_id=15561 "House nixes hate crimes"] Retrieved on 2008-08-25.]
HRC historical records
The historical records of the Human Rights Campaign are maintained in a collection at the
Cornell UniversityLibrary. Arriving at Cornell in 2004, the records include strategic-planning documents, faxes, minutes, e-mails, press releases, posters and campaign buttons which constitute the second largest collection of records in the Library's Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Human Sexuality Collection area with convert|84|cuft|m3 of records. In February 2007, the records were opened to scholars at the library, and selected records were organized into an online exhibit called "25 Years of Political Influence: The Records of the Human Rights Campaign." [Lowery, George. (30 January 2007) [http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/Jan07/humanrightsrecords.gl.html 25 years of gay-rights struggles traced in online exhibit] " The Cornell Chronicle" of Cornell University. Accessed 29 July 2007.] [ Cornell University Library. [http://rmc.library.cornell.edu/HRC/index.html 25 Years of Political Influence:The Records of the Human Rights Campaign] Cornell University. Accessed 29 July 2007.]
Critics of the HRC have accused the organization of favoring the Democratic party platform over gay and lesbian equality in regards to gay marriage and ending the
don't ask, don't tellpolicy. [ [http://www.indegayforum.org/blog/show/31181.html Independent Gay Forum - Rudy's Run ] ] [ [http://andrewsullivan.theatlantic.com/the_daily_dish/2007/02/the_human_right.html The Daily Dish | By Andrew Sullivan ] ] [ [http://www.indegayforum.org/blog/show/31113.html Independent Gay Forum - Whose Agenda? ] ] The HRC states they are fighting for equality in all areas of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender rights. Andrew Sullivan, a prominent conservative gay political columnist and blogger, has been critical of the HRC calling them "a patronage wing of the Democratic party, designed primarily to get its members jobs in future Democratic administrations or with Democrats on the Hill". [Sullivan, Andrew. (19 February 2007) [http://andrewsullivan.theatlantic.com/the_daily_dish/2007/02/the_human_right.html The Human Rights Campaign (Blech)] " The Atlantic Monthly". Accessed 29 July 2007.] The organization responded by saying, "There’s nobody happier about what Andrew Sullivan is doing than Tony Perkins and James Dobson" who are known for opposing LGBT rights. [ [http://www.washblade.com/2007/3-16/news/national/10212.cfm HRC hits back at blogger criticisms - Washington Blade ] ] As of October 2008, HRC campaign donations for the 2008 election have totaled $739,042. That amount includes $705,036, or 95% of the total, to Democrats. [ [http://www.opensecrets.org/orgs/summary.asp?ID=D000000158&Name=Human+Rights+Campaign Donor Profiles ] ]
HRC has been accused of overstating the number of actual members in order to appear more influential in politics. [ [http://citizenchris.typepad.com/citizenchris/2007/03/the_nations_lar.html Citizen Crain: Cooking the books at HRC ] ] [ [http://andrewsullivan.theatlantic.com/the_daily_dish/2007/03/hrc_responds_1.html The Daily Dish | By Andrew Sullivan ] ] HRC refuses to release the count of current, dues-paying members. [ [http://washingtonblade.com/2005/5-6/news/national/members.cfm HRC â€˜membersâ€™ include all who ever donated $1 - Washington Blade ] ]
1998 New York Senate election
The HRC angered many of its supporters in
New York, and many of its African American, Asian American, and female supporters nationwide by endorsing Republican Senator Al D'Amatoin the 1998 election. [Kaiser, Charles. (18 July 2000) [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1589/is_2000_July_18/ai_63398448 The D'Amato Factor - Article Brief at findarticles.com] " The Advocate". Accessed 29 July 2007.] D'Amato earned the nomination by supporting an end to discrimination in the workplace and voting to allow gays and lesbians to openly serve in the military, but his stances against abortion, and affirmative actionand racist jokes he told at the expense of Judge Lance Itoleft many LGBT people angry over the nomination.fact|date=January 2008 D'Amato went on to be defeated by Chuck Schumer.
HRC has been criticized by
transgenderpeople and activists for supporting a version of the Employment Non-Discrimination Actwhich lacks language including protections for gender identityand gender expression. [Schindler, Paul. (4 October 2007) [http://www.gaycitynews.com/site/news.cfm?newsid=18883568&BRD=2729&PAG=461&dept_id=568864&rfi=6 HRC Alone in Eschewing No-Compromise Stand] Gay City News. Accessed 8 October 2007.] On September 14, 2007, HRC President Joe Solmonese promised to oppose any ENDA legislation that did not include transgender provisions, and only to support those that did include them; a policy first articulated in 2004.Sandeen, Autumn. (6 November 2007) [http://transadvocate.com/autumnsandeen/archives/1157] Trans Advocate Blog. Accessed November 9 2007.] HRC reversed this position on October 2nd by ceasing opposition of a transgender-exclusive ENDA, which lead to the resignation of board member Donna Rose on October 3rd. [ Rose, Donna. (3 October 2007) [http://www.intraa.org/story/DRHRCresignation] ] On November 6th, HRC once again announced its support for a new exclusive version, a change which they attempted to cover up. [ [http://www.pamshouseblend.com/showDiary.do?diaryId=3509] Pam's House Blend. Accessed 9 November 2007.]
upport of Bush's social security plan
HRC was criticized by LGBT activists when the group's leaders announced that the organization would be softening its demands for equal rights and consider making political bargains, such as supporting President
George W. Bush's plan to privatize Social Security partly in exchange for the right of same-sex partners to receive benefits under the program. [cite news|url=http://www.nytimes.com/2004/12/09/national/09gays.html|title=Groups Debate Slower Strategy on Gay Rights|publisher="New York Times"|accessdate=2007-11-24|2004-12-09|author=John M. Broder (9 December 2004) ] [cite news|url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A53579-2004Dec9.html|title=Gay Activists Refuse to Bargain Away Rights|publisher="Washington Post"|accessdate=2007-11-24|2004-12-10|author=Evelyn Nieves (12 December 2004)]
In 2007, HRC and Logo sponsored the first presidential forum in history to discuss LGBT-related issues. The event was criticized for excluding Democratic presidential nominee
Mike Gravelfrom the debate. Gravel said, "According to a HRC spokesperson, I didn't raise enough money and therefore my candidacy did not meet their standard of 'viability.' But that's strange — CNN, PBS, NBCand the NAACP invited me to their debates without evaluating my financial viability. Ironically I think the real reason why HRC didn't invite me is that I'm too vocal in my advocacy of gay rights. None of the top tier candidates would have been comfortable facing an opponent who consistently points out their refusal to embrace true equality for gays and lesbians. HRC simply bowed to the star factor. It's just a shame that this travesty was perpetrated in the name of the LGBT community." [ [http://www.huffingtonpost.com/sen-mike-gravel/why-i-wasnt-invited-to-t_b_55931.html Sen. Mike Gravel: Why I Wasn't Invited to the Debate on Gay Issues - Politics on The Huffington Post ] ] Senator Gravel was later invited to the forum, and Dennis Kucinichand he were the only candidates to express support for same-sex marriage.
Steve Endean, HRC founder (1980–1983)
# Executive Director Vic Basile (1983–1989)
# Executive Director
# Executive Director
In 2002, the Human Rights Campaign, in collaboration with Centaur Entertainment, released an awareness album named "
Being Out Rocks". It was released on 11 October 2002 to celebrate National Coming Out Daythat year. It features a cross-section of LGBTand LGBT-supportive straight artists. Its release was accompanied with signing events at the Times SquareVirgin Megastore in New York Cityand at the HRC Action Center in Washington, D.C.
In February 2005 HRC released a second CD compilation with Centaur, a 2-disc set called "
National corporate sponsors
As one of the major LGBT advocacy groups in the United States HRC maintains considerable support from mainstream corporations. As of August 2007, the following companies are the current national corporate sponsors of HRC: [HRC. [http://www.hrc.org/Content/NavigationMenu/HRC/Get_Involved/HRC_Sponsors/Corporate_Sponsors/National_Corporate_Sponsors.htm National Corporate Sponsors] Accessed 29 July 2007.]
* Abreva of
The Advocate" & "Out" Magazines ( LPI Media)
Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu
Ernst & Young
Foley & Lardner
* Mitchell Gold & Bob Williams Co.
* Olivia Cruises & Resorts
* Paul Hastings Attorneys
* Replacements, Ltd.
Shell Oil Company
Volvo Carsof North America
XM Satellite Radio
* [http://www.hrc.org/ Official website]
* [http://www.hrc.org/cei HRC ratings of corporations on LGBT issues]
* [http://www.millionformarriage.org/ Million For Marriage petition]
* [http://rmc.library.cornell.edu/HRC/ The Records of the Human Rights Campaign at the Cornell Library]
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