A legislator (or "lawmaker") is a person who writes and passes laws, especially someone who is a member of a legislature. Legislators are usually politicians and are often elected by the people. Legislatures may be supra-national (for example, the United Nations General Assembly), national (for example, the United States Congress), regional (for example, the Scottish Parliament) or local (for example, local authorities).

The political theory of the separation of powers requires legislators to be different individuals from the members of the executive and the judiciary. Certain political systems adhere to this principle, others do not. In the United Kingdom, for example, the executive is formed almost exclusively from legislators (members of Parliament) although the judiciary is mostly independent (until reforms in 2005, the Lord Chancellor uniquely was a legislator, a member of the executive (indeed, the Cabinet), and a judge).

In continental European jurisprudence and legal discussion, "the legislator" ("le législateur") is the abstract entity that has produced the laws. When there is room for interpretation, the intents of the legislator will be questioned, and the court is supposed to rule in the direction that it judges to fit the legislative intent the best — which can be uneasy, in the case of conflicting laws or constitutional provisions.

United States legislatures

*United States Congress - Member of Congress (M.C.)
**United States Senate - Senator
**United States House of Representatives - Member of Congress (i.e. Congressman, Congresswoman or Representative)

tate legislatures

*State legislature -- seealso|List of state legislatures in the United States
**State Senate - State Senator or (colloquially) Senator
**State House of Representatives - State Representative or (colloquially) Representative

United Kingdom legislatures

*Parliament of the United Kingdom
**House of Lords - Lord
**House of Commons - Member of Parliament (MP)
*Scottish Parliament - Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP)
*National Assembly for Wales - Assembly Member/Aelod y Cynulliad (AM/AC)
*Northern Ireland Legislative Assembly - Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA)

Canadian legislatures

*Parliament of Canada
**Canadian Senate - Senator
**House of Commons - Member of Parliament (MP)

Provincial and territorial legislators

*Legislative Assemblies of British Columbia; Alberta; Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Northwest Territories, Yukon, Nunavut; and the Nova Scotia House of Assembly - Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA)
*Legislative Assembly of Ontario - Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP)
*National Assembly of Quebec - Member of the National Assembly (MNA)
*Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly - Member of the House of Assembly (MHA)

Australian legislatures

*Parliament of Australia
**Australian Senate - Senator
**House of Representatives - Member of Parliament (MP)

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • legislator — LEGISLATÓR, legislatori, s.m. Legiuitor. ♦ fig. Persoană care stabileşte regulile unei arte sau ale unui curent artistic. – Din fr. législateur, lat. legislator. Trimis de LauraGellner, 18.05.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  LEGISLATÓR s. v. legiuitor.… …   Dicționar Român

  • legislator — leg·is·la·tor / le jəs ˌlā tər, ˌtȯr/ n [Latin legis lator, literally, proposer of a law, from legis (genitive of lex law) + lator proposer, from ferre (past participle latus ) to carry, propose]: a person who makes laws esp. for a political… …   Law dictionary

  • Legislator — Leg is*la tor (l[e^]j [i^]s*l[=a] t[ e]r), n. [L. legis lator, prop., a proposer of a law; lex, legis, law + lator a proposer, bearer, fr. latus, used as p. p. of ferre to bear: cf. F. l[ e]gislateur. See {Legal}, and {Tolerate}.] A lawgiver; one …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Legislātor — (lat.), Gesetzgeber; legislatorisch, zur Gesetzgebung gehörig, gesetzgeberisch …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • legislator — (ant.) m. Legislador …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • legislator — UK US /ˈledʒɪsleɪtər/ US  / ṱɚ/ noun [C] LAW ► someone who is responsible for making laws: »They said they would continue to write letters to legislators urging them to pass the law. »state/federal/EU legislators …   Financial and business terms

  • legìslātor — m institucija državne vlasti ovlaštena za donošenje zakona; zakonodavac …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • legislator — (n.) c.1600, from L. legis lator proposer of a law, from legis, gen. of lex law + lator proposer, agent noun of latus borne, brought, carried (see OBLATE (Cf. oblate) (n.)), used as past tense of ferre to carry (see INFER ( …   Etymology dictionary

  • legislator — legìslātor m DEFINICIJA institucija državne vlasti ovlaštena za donošenje zakona; zakonodavac ETIMOLOGIJA vidi legalan …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • legislator — [n] person in government who makes laws administrator, aldermember, assemblymember, council member, deputy, lawgiver, lawmaker, leader, member, member of Congress, parliamentarian, representative, senator; concept 354 …   New thesaurus

  • legislator — ► NOUN ▪ a person who makes laws; a member of a legislative body …   English terms dictionary

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