Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Miami

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Miami

Infobox Roman Catholic diocese
Roman Catholic Diocese of=Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Miami
Latin name of diocese=Archidioecesis Miamiensis

caption=Cathedral of Saint Mary in Miami, Florida
location=Miami, Florida, United States of America
territory=State of Florida
Miami (Miami-Dade, Broward and Monroe)
population=Florida: 18.2 million
Miami: 5.5 million
patron=Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception
province=Province of Miami
established=October 7, 1958
cathedral=Cathedral of Saint Mary
leadership=Archbishop John Favalora
website= [ Archdiocese of Miami]
pope=Benedict XVI
metropolitan= Miami metropolitan area
coadjutor archbishop=
coadjutor bishop=
auxiliary=John Gerard Noonan, Felipe de Jesus Estevez

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Miami is a particular church of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States. Its ecclesiastic territory includes Broward, Miami-Dade and Monroe counties in Florida. The archdiocese is the metropolitan see for the Roman Catholic Church in the State of Florida. The current archbishop is John Favalora. As archbishop, Favalora also serves as pastor of the Cathedral of Saint Mary, the mother church of the archdiocese. Also serving are 428 priests, 160 Permanent Deacons, 50 Religious Brothers and 300 Religious Sisters who are members of various Roman Catholic religious orders.cite news| last="The Florida Catholic Newspaper"| title=2007 Archdiocese of Miami Official Catholic Directory| pages=A4| publisher=The Florida Catholic Newspaper| date=April 10, 2008] These priests, deacons and religious serve a Catholic population in South Florida of 1,300,000 in 118 parishes and missions.

Because of the vast number of immigrants, Catholic Mass is offered in at least a dozen languages in parishes throughout the archdiocese.cite web| last="South Florida Sun-Sentinel"| title=Archdiocese is set for 50th anniversary| date=2007-10-06| url=,0,4168353.story| accessdate=2007-08-16] Educational institutions consist of two schools for the disabled, 60 elementary/middle schools, 13 high schools, two universities,cite web| last=Saint Thomas University| title=Saint Thomas University website| publisher=Saint Thomas University| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16] cite web| last=Barry University| title=Barry University website| publisher=Barry University| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16] and two seminaries.cite web| last=St. Vincent De Paul Seminary| title=St Vincent De Paul Regional Seminary website| publisher=St. Vincent De Paul Seminary| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16] cite web| last=St. John Vianney Seminary| title=St John Vianney Seminary website| publisher=St. John Vianney Seminary| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16] cite web|| title=Catholic Leaders Seek Young Religious Recruits On The Web| url=| accessdate=2007-09-25] Radio, print, and television media outlets owned and operated by the archdiocese supplement teaching, communication and ministries.cite news| publisher="Miami Herald"| title=Miami Archdiocese at a Crossroads in 50th year| date=2007-10-07| url=| accessdate=2007-10-07]

Several social service organizations are operated by the archdiocese which include two hospitals, nine health care centers, three homes for the aged, and two cemeteries. Charities include homeless shelters, legal services for the poor, Pro Life centers, an HIV/AIDS ministry, the Missionaries of Charity and Society of Saint Vincent de Paul ministries to the poor. Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Miami, is a separate non-profit organization operated by the archdiocese. It claims to be the largest non-governmental provider of social services to the needy in South Florida.Cite web|url=|title=Catholic Charities Who We Are|accessmonthday=October 8|accessyear=2007|publisher=Archdiocese of Miami Catholic Charities|year=2007|author=Archdiocese of Miami]


Before 1958, the entire State of Florida was under the jurisdiction of one diocese, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Saint Augustine. In the 1950s and early 1960s, Saint Augustine archbishop Joseph Patrick Hurley purchased land throughout South Florida in anticipation of a future population boom. [cite web| last=Gannon| first=Michael| title=The Builder Bishop| publisher="Saint Augustine Catholic"| date=2007-10-30| url=| accessdate=2007-10-30] Today, these once remote areas are thriving cities. Dozens of Catholic churches, schools and cemeteries built on the land purchased by Hurley dot these areas.

The Diocese of Miami was created on October 7, 1958, with Coleman Carroll installed as bishop. The diocese included the 16 southern counties in Florida, with a Catholic population of 200,000. It encompassed one half of the area of the state. Less than a year after the creation of the diocese, Fidel Castro came to power in Cuba. This set off a mass exodus of Cuban exiles to South Florida. The Catholic Welfare Bureau, created by Carroll, played a significant part in helping these waves of Cuban immigrants. Between 1960 and 1962, 14,000 Cuban children were sent to the United States. Operation Pedro Pan, created by Monsignor

Due to an increased population, the diocese was divided in 1968. Eight counties became part of the Diocese of St. Petersburg and the new Diocese of Orlando. Miami was made an Archdiocese by Pope Paul VI, and was named Metropolitan See for all of Florida. Carroll became an archbishop on March 2, 1968.cite web|url=|title=Archdiocese of Miami: History - Made an Archdiocese|author=Miami Archdiocese|publisher=Miami Archdiocese|accessdate=2007-04-20] Carroll is credited with eliminating racial segregation in Catholic schools in 1963, while desegregation in Florida public schools was not accomplished until the early 1970s. [cite web| last=The Florida Memory Project| title=Florida Timeline| publisher=The Florida Memory Project| url=| accessdate=2007-11-10] He participated in the church reforms of Vatican II as one of the Council Fathers.

Upon the death of Carroll on July 26, 1977, Bishop Edward Anthony McCarthy was appointed as Miami's archbishop. [cite web|url=|title=Archdiocese of Miami: History - First Successor|author=Miami Archdiocese|publisher=Miami Archdiocese|accessdate=2007-05-26] cite web|url=|title=Archbishop McCarthy High School - About Us|author=McCarthy High School|publisher=McCarthy High School|accessdate=2007-05-26] McCarthy oversaw the construction of the Pastoral Center for the archdiocese and restructured most senior operational divisions. He established the Office of Lay Ecclesial Ministry, the Office of Evangelization and the Permanent Diaconate program. In 1980, he offered support and assistance during the Mariel Boat Lift. The following year, he supported the rights of Haitian immigrants who were detained under the Wet Foot, Dry Foot policy. Responding to the needs of this new immigration, he opened the Pierre Toussaint Haitian Catholic Center. [cite web|url=|title=Archdiocese of Miami: History - More Exiles|author=Miami Archdiocese|publisher=Miami Archdiocese|accessdate=2007-04-19] McCarthy retired in 1994 at the required age of 75.

The present archbishop of Miami, John Favalora, was appointed by Pope John Paul II on November 3, 1994. During his tenure, he has built two new high schools and nine grade schools. Favalora also initiated the Vision 2000 campaign, a five-year fund-raising campaign that created an endowment fund to support Catholic education and outreach institutions in the archdiocese. The effort raised $90 million (USD). On July 11, 2003, Pope John Paul II appointed Miami auxiliary bishop Thomas Gerard Wenski to lead the Roman Catholic Diocese of Orlando.cite web| last=Grossman| first=Cathy Lynn| title=Vacancies Occupy Catholic Church| publisher="USA Today"| date=2003-07-23| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16] cite web| last=Grossman| first=Cathy Lynn| title=Church vacancies will leave room at the top of dioceses| publisher="USA Today"| date=2003-07-23| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16] With substantial immigration of predominantly Catholic South and Central Americans to the South Florida area, the Catholic population there is 25% of the total population. Waves of immigrants from other parts of the world, including Asian and African countries, have led to Mass being celebrated in over a dozen different languages in parishes throughout the archdiocese. [cite web| last="Florida Trend"| title=Population Still Growing| publisher=Trend Magazines Inc.| url=| accessdate=2007-09-25]



As of 2008, the Archdiocese of Miami provides a parochial school education to almost 40,000 students in 60 elementary/middle schools, 13 high schools and two non-residential schools for the disabled located throughout Broward, Miami-Dade and Monroe counties. The high schools supported by the archdiocese are:
* Archbishop Coleman F. Carroll High School (1998), Miami
* Archbishop Curley-Notre Dame High School (1953), Miami
* Archbishop Edward A. McCarthy High School (1998), Southwest Ranches
* Belen Jesuit Preparatory School (1854), Miami
* Cardinal Gibbons High School (1961), Fort Lauderdale
* Carrollton School of the Sacred Heart (1961), Miami
* Chaminade-Madonna College Preparatory School (1960), Hollywood
* Christopher Columbus High School (1958), Miami
* La Salle High School (1958), Miami
* Monsignor Edward Pace High School (1961), Miami
* Our Lady of Lourdes Academy (1963), Miami
* St. Brendan High School (1975), Miami
* St. Thomas Aquinas High School (1936), Fort Lauderdale

The archdiocese offers religious education classes in all of its 111 parishes for Catholic children who attend public and other non-religious schools. According to the 2007 Official Catholic Directory, there were 95,837 students enrolled in these classes. This same source lists as teachers 2760 laity, 58 religious sisters, and 43 priests and religious brothers. Religious education classes are also offered to adults throughout the archdiocese. In 1997, Archbishop Favalora adopted a policy requiring all volunteers, employees, teachers and priests to be fingerprinted and have a background check before they could work with children. Several years later, this policy was enshrined and adopted by all U.S. Bishops in the Charter for Protection of Young People.


The Archdiocese of Miami oversees and administers two Catholic universities in the Miami area: St. Thomas University and Barry University. Together, these institutions enroll over 13,000 students. St. Thomas University offers Bachelor of Arts, Master of Arts, Master's degree, Master of Business Administration, M.Acc., Doctor of Education, and Doctor of Philosophy. programs through its college and various schools. It offers several joint degree programs and an accelerated B.A./J.D. as well. The School of Law at St. Thomas was fully accredited by the American Bar Association in February 1995, and offers the Juris Doctor degree (J.D.) as well as the Masters of Law (LL.M). Barry University, established in 1940, is the larger of the two institutions. It offers business, nursing, health sciences, teacher education, and liberal arts programs.


St. John Vianney College Seminary and St. Vincent De Paul Regional Seminary serve priestly formation needs. Candidates to the Catholic priesthood must have a college degree plus another four to five years of seminary formation. This formation includes not only academic classes but also human, spiritual and pastoral education. St. John Vianney Seminary, which is located in Miami, states as its fundamental purpose "to provide an undergraduate education for students whose stated objective is to serve the Catholic Church as priests", but it also offers education to lay ministers and to "others who may be enriched by its services". St. Vincent De Paul Regional Seminary, located in Boynton Beach, offers a Master's Degree in Theology and Theological Studies and a First Professional Degree in Divinity and Ministry. Priests serving in the Archdiocese of Miami are required to speak both Spanish and English, and these two seminaries are the only bilingual seminaries in the United States. As of August 2007, there are 126 seminarians in priestly formation at both seminaries.

Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Miami

Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Miami is a separate non-profit organization operated by the Archdiocese of Miami. It is part of a national network of organizations that are operated in each U.S. diocese. This organization claims to be the largest nongovernmental provider of services to the needy in South Florida. It began in 1931 during the Great Depression with four Miami-area pastors and lay members of the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul. It employs over 600 staff and operates on an annual budget of over $38 million. In 2006, it served over 17,000 families in the tri-county area of Broward, Miami-Dade and Monroe Counties. [cite web| last=Catholic Charities| title=Catholic Charities News| publisher=Catholic Charities| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16] Cite web| url=|title=Accredited Organizations in Florida|accessmonthday=October 8|accessyear=2007|publisher=Council on Accreditation|year=2007|author=Council on Accreditation] [cite web|| title=Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Miami|| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16] Some of these services include transitional housing, homeless shelters, elderly day care, child day care, addiction recovery, HIV/AIDS programs, family and school counseling, meals for the elderly and various immigrant and refugee help programs among others. [cite web| last=Catholic Charities Agencies in Florida| title=Directory of Services by Diocese| publisher=The Florida Catholic Conference| url=| accessdate=2007-11-18|format=PDF]

Catholic Health Services

Archdiocese of Miami Catholic Health Services operates 26 facilities in Broward and Miami-Dade Counties. According to the 2007 Archdiocese of Miami Official Catholic Directory, the two Catholic hospitals, Mercy Hospital in Miami [cite web| last=Mercy Hospital| title=Mercy Hospital website| publisher=Mercy Hospital| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16] and Holy Cross Hospital in Ft. Lauderdale, [cite web| last=Holy Cross Hospital| title=Holy Cross Hospital website| publisher=Holy Cross Hospital| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16] [cite web| last=Holy Cross Hospital| title=Holy Cross Hospital profile| publisher=Holy Cross Hospital| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16] served 1,278,516 people; three CHS health care centers served 7,896; three homes for the aged assisted 2,578 senior citizens; two residential care centers for children served 376; seven day-care centers served 1,885; two specialized homes assisted 383; twelve special centers for social services served 81,320; and eleven other institutions served 1,432 people in 2007. Catholic Hospice Care is a partnership between the Archdiocese of Miami and Mercy Hospital. It provides end of life care to terminally ill patients and their families throughout Miami-Dade and Monroe counties. [cite web| last=Florida Hospices and Palliative Care| title=Catholic Hospice Care| publisher=Florida Hospices and Palliative Care| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16] Catholic Health Services also operates two Catholic cemeteries, Our Lady Queen of Heaven in Broward County and Our Lady of Mercy in Miami-Dade. [cite web| last=Catholic Health Services| title=Catholic Cemeteries| publisher=Catholic Health Services| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16] [cite web| last=Catholic Health Services| title=Catholic Health Services link to each facility| publisher=Catholic Health Services| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16]



Over 75 ministries are run by laity (those who are not ordained priests or religious brothers and sisters). These include: Ascending Life, Campus ministry, Charismatic Renewal, Catholic women's ministries, Cursillo, Family Life, Homosexual ministry, Knights of Columbus, Lay ministry, Lay movements, Marian movements, Missions, Prison ministry, Respect Life, and Youth Ministries. [cite web| last=The Archdiocese of Miami| title=Ministries| publisher=The Archdiocese of Miami| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16] Some other ministries include various prayer groups, Council of Catholic Women which assists the priests in their parish duties, Ministry of Mothers Sharing, which helps mothers form social and prayerful connections with other mothers, and Men's Emmaus, Women's Emmaus, and LIFE TEEN groups which provide worship, social and religious formation for men, women and teenagers. Some parishes provide groups for single Catholics, divorced or separated people, drug and alcohol addiction help, learning Spanish or English as a second language and parish outreach services to the poor and needy through parish pantries and need-specific donor drives. Lifeteen has been especially embraced by this archdiocese as a means to provide outreach and worship opportunities to teenagers. An Archdiocese of Miami priest, Fr. Jeff McCormick, serves as the Area Contact for the State of Florida LIFE TEEN program. [cite web| last=LIFE TEEN| title=LIFE TEEN website| publisher=LIFE TEEN| url=| accessdate=2007-10-15]


Morning Star Renewal Center is a retreat house operated by the Archdiocese. The center provides facilities for group retreats and offers spiritual formation activities year round. Facilities include overnight and cafeteria accommodations. The center is staffed by two full time lay employees and has a capacity for up to sixty guests. [cite web| last=Florida Retreat Center Listings| title=Morning Star Renewal Retreat Center|| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16]


Several Charities are run by the Archdiocese and staffed by both employees and volunteers. These include Camillus House,cite web| last=Camillus House| title=Camillus House Website| publisher=Camillus House| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16] Catholic Legal Services,cite web| last=Catholic Legal Services| title=Catholic Legal Services| publisher=Catholic Legal Services| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16] an HIV/AIDS shelter,cite web| last=HIV/AIDS office| title=Florida Catholic Aids Network Office| publisher=Florida Catholic Conference| url=| format=.PDF| accessdate=2007-08-16] the Missionaries of Charity,cite web| last=Missionaries of Charity| title=Missionaries of Charity website| publisher=Missionaries of Charity| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16] Social Advocacy groups, and Society of Saint Vincent de Paul.cite web| last=Society of St. Vincent De Paul| title=St Vincent De Paul website| publisher=Society of St. Vincent de Paul| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16] Other charities include pro-life centers that provide aid to pregnant women and encourage them not to choose abortion, and Project Rachel, which provides post-abortion counseling to women who have undergone an abortion.


The archdiocese uses several types of media to fulfill its evangelization efforts:

Radio ministry

Radio Paz is a Spanish-language radio ministry of the Archdiocese of Miami founded in December 1990. In South Florida, it is broadcast on WACC 830 AM. Radio Peace is the sister station of Radio Paz. It is an English-language radio ministry broadcast on WLVJ 1040 AM. These ministries also reach people around the globe through the Internet at web|url=|title=Radio Peace|accessmonthday=October 8|accessyear=2007|publisher=Pax Catholic Communications|year=2007|author=Radio Peace] The stations were founded by Archdiocese of Miami priest Fr. Federico Capdepon, who envisioned a radio station to respond to the call of Pope John Paul II to evangelize through the media. Cite web|url=|title=Radio Peace - Who we are|accessmonthday=October 8|accessyear=2007|publisher=Pax Catholic Communications|year=2007|author=Radio Peace]


A localized version of the "Florida Catholic" newspaper is published 38 times a year. Each issue contains a message from the Archbishop, spiritual reflections on the scripture readings for the week, news reporting on various events happening around the archdiocese and the world, and a digest of upcoming events featured around the archdiocese among other features. The archdiocesan print circulation is 29,460. The newspaper is also featured online. “Building the City of God” is a journalistic series of priest profiles published regularly in the Miami edition of the "Florida Catholic". The first one appeared in March 2003. The profiles in this series reveal "the man behind the collar" by giving a quick glimpse of the personal side of priests’ lives. "Building the City of God" has won a Communicator Award of Distinction in the Marketing/Promotion/Campaign category for print media. Winners of the Award of Distinction have exceeded industry standards in communicating a message or idea.Cite web|url=|title=Building the City of God|accessmonthday=October 8|accessyear=2007|publisher=The Archdiocese of Miami|year=2007|author=The Archdiocese of Miami] [cite web| last=Communicator Awards| title=Communicator Awards of Distinction| publisher=Communicator Awards| url=| accessdate=2007-08-16]


Eternal Word Television Network or EWTN is the official Catholic television station. The network is based in Birmingham, Alabama and broadcast worldwide. [cite web| last=EWTN| title=EWTN website| publisher=EWTN| url=| accessdate=2007-09-27] Several Spanish and English language programs are produced in the Miami Archdiocese. Archdiocese of Miami priest Fr. Alberto Cutie, commonly known as Padre Alberto, is the host of several programs in both English and Spanish. He is also featured on the Spanish speaking television network Telemundo. [cite web|| title=Sirius Satellite radio featuring EWTN broadcasts|| url=| accessdate=2007-09-27] [cite web| last=Garcia-Tunon| first=Manny| title=The Power of Faith| publisher="Hispanic Magazine"| url=| accessdate=2007-09-27]

exual abuse allegations

Since 1966, the Archdiocese of Miami insurance programs have paid $26.1 million in settlement, legal and counseling costs associated with sexual misconduct allegations made by minors involving non-clergy employees and volunteers, religious brothers and sisters and priests. In the past 50 years, a total of 4,433 priests have worked in the Archdiocese. Forty-nine of them have been accused of sexual misconduct.Cite web|url=|title=The Archdiocese of Miami - Statistics|accessdate=2007-10-08|publisher=The Archdiocese of Miami|year=2007|author=The Archdiocese of Miami] There are 6 lawsuits pending as of 2007. [cite web| last="The Florida Catholic"| title=Archdiocese of Miami Statement Regarding Lawsuits| publisher="The Florida Catholic"| date=2007-07-18| url=| accessdate=2007-10-07]

In 1997, soon after becoming archbishop, John Favalora responded to these scandals by adopting the Charter for the Protection of Young People. This charter, which was adopted by all U.S. bishops several years later in response to similar abuse in other dioceses, requires all priests, employees, and volunteers of the Archdiocese to be fingerprinted and have a background check.Cite web|url=|title=Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People|accessdate=2007-10-08|publisher=United States Conference of Catholic Bishops|year=2005|author=United States Conference of Catholic Bishops] All allegations of sexual abuse are required to be reported to the police. Suspected offenders are suspended pending the outcome of an investigation. If the allegations are deemed by investigators to be credible, the suspected offender is relieved of duties and prosecuted. Counseling is offered for victims.


Below is a list of individuals who have led the Archdiocese of Miami since its founding.


* Archbishop Coleman Carroll (1958 – 1977)
* Archbishop Edward Anthony McCarthy (1976 – 1994)
* Archbishop John Favalora (1994 – Present)

Auxiliary bishops

* Bishop Norbert Dorsey (1986 – 1990)
* Bishop Felipe Estévez (2004 – Present)
* Bishop Gilberto Fernandez (1977 – Present) " [Retired] "
* Bishop John Fitzpatrick (1968 – 1971)
* Bishop René Gracida (1968 – 1975)
* Bishop John Nevins (1979 – 1984)
* Bishop John Noonan (2005 – Present)
* Bishop Agustin Roman (1979 – Present) " [Retired] "
* Bishop Thomas Wenski (1997 – 2003)


External links

* [ Archdiocese of Miami]
* [ Archdiocese of Miami Department of Schools]
* [ Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Miami]
* [ The Florida Catholic Newspaper]
* [ Catholic Health Services]
* [ Catholic Hospice Care]
* [ St. John Vianney Seminary, Miami]
* [ St. Vincent De Paul Regional Seminary, Boynton Beach]

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