Haunted house

Haunted house

A haunted house is defined as a house that is believed to be a center for supernatural occurrences or paranormal phenomena. [http://parapsych.org/glossary_e_k.html#h Parapsychological Association website, Glossary of Key Words Frequently Used in Parapsychology, Retrieved February 10, 2007] A haunted house may allegedly contain ghosts, poltergeists, or even malevolent entities such as demons.

Haunted houses are often regarded as being inhabited by spirits of deceased who may have been former residents or were familiar with the property. Supernatural activity inside homes is said to be mainly associated with violent or tragic events in the building's past such as murder, accidental death, or suicide — sometimes in the recent or ancient past. Amongst many cultures and religions it is believed that the essence of a being such as the 'soul' continues to exist. Some philosophical and religious views argue that the 'spirits' of those who have died have not 'passed over' and are trapped inside the property where their memories and energy is strong.Fact|date=July 2008 Entities which are said to 'haunt' homes are often believed to make noises, appear as apparitions, and shift or launch physical objects. This is sometimes manifested into 'poltergeist activity'; poltergeist meaning 'noisy spirit'. Traditionally an exorcism is the method used to remove unwelcome spirits from the property.

Legends about haunted houses have long appeared in literature. Haunting is used as a plot device in gothic or horror fiction or, more lately, paranormal-based fiction. Roman-era authors Plautus, Pliny the Younger, and Lucian wrote stories about haunted houses, and more modern authors from Henry James to Stephen King have featured them in their writings. Haunted castles and mansions are common in gothic literature such as Dracula.

The actual structure of a fictional haunted house can be anything from a decaying European feudal castle to a newly occupied suburban ranch-style house of fairly recent construction, although older buildings tend to be more commonly used.

Haunted attractions

A haunted house may also refer to an interactive haunted house which is usually open around the season of Halloween for entertainment purposes. The attraction is usually decorated with spiderwebs, bones, and other relics traditionally associated with haunted houses. Guests are led through the structure and are exposed to eerie sights and sounds. Volunteers, hiding within the house, often appear and frighten the guests.

Legal aspects

In "Stambovsky v. Ackley", the Supreme Court of New York, Appellate Division ruled that a seller must disclose that a house has a reputation for being haunted when there is a fiduciary relationship or in cases of fraud or misrepresentation, [cite web| last = Knauf | first = Allan| title = After New York's Property Condition Disclosure Act | url = http://www.nyenvlaw.com/Caveat_Emptor.htm | accessdate = 2007-02-15] because such a reputation impairs the value of the house::In the case at bar, defendant seller deliberately fostered the public belief that her home was possessed. Having undertaken to inform the public at large, to whom she has no legal relationship, about the supernatural occurrences on her property, she may be said to owe no less a duty to her contract vendee. ["Stambovsky v. Ackley", 169 A.D.2d 254, 260, 572 N.Y.S.2d 672N.Y.A.D. 1 Dept., 1991.]

Carbon monoxide

Some of the phenomena generally associated with haunted houses, including strange visions and sounds, feelings of dread, illness, and the sudden, apparently inexplicable death of all the occupants, can be attributed to carbon monoxide poisoning. [ [http://www.ghostvillage.com/resources/2004/resources_10312004.shtml A True Tale Of A Truly Haunted House by Albert Donnay ] ] Symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning include listlessness, depression, dementia, emotional disturbances, and hallucinations.Fact|date=July 2008

In one famous case, carbon monoxide poisoning was clearly identified as the cause of an alleged haunting. Dr. William Wilmer, an ophthalmologist, described the experiences of one of his patients in a 1921 article published in the American Journal of Ophthalmology. "Mr. and Mrs. H." moved into a new home, but soon began to complain of headaches and listlessness. They began to hear bells and footsteps during the night, soon accompanied by strange physical sensations and mysterious figures. When they began to investigate, they found the previous residents had experienced similar symptoms. Upon examination, their furnace was found to be severely damaged, resulting in incomplete combustion and forcing most of the fumes into the house rather than up the chimney. ["A true tale of a truly haunted house", by Albert Denay. www.ghostvillage.com. Includes text of 1921 Journal of Ophthalmology article. [http://www.ghostvillage.com/resources/2004/resources_10312004.shtml] ] After the stove was fixed, the family fully recovered and did not experience any further unusual events.

A report published in 2005 described a 23-year-old female victim of carbon monoxide poisoning, found delirious and hyperventilating, who claimed to have seen a ghost while in the shower. A new gas water heater had just been installed in her home, apparently improperly, which flooded the house with carbon monoxide when the victim closed all the exterior windows and doors and took a shower. [Jiann-Ruey Ong, Sheng-Wen Hou, Hsien-Tsung Shu, Huei-Tsair Chen, and Chee-Fah Chong. Diagnostic pitfall: carbon monoxide poisoning mimicking hyperventilation syndrome. "The American Journal of Emergency MedicineVolume 23, Issue 7, November 2005, Pages 903-904]

Carbon monoxide is the leading cause of accidental poisoning deaths in North America. ["Carbon Monoxide." Canada Safety Council. "] ["A true tale of a truly haunted house", by Albert Denay. www.ghostvillage.com. Includes text of 1921 Journal of Ophthalmology article. [http://www.ghostvillage.com/resources/2004/resources_10312004.shtml] ]

hort stories and novels

* "The Castle of Otranto" (1764) by Horace Walpole
* "The Mysteries of Udolpho" (1794) by Ann Radcliffe
* "The Fall of the House of Usher" (1845) by Edgar Allan Poe
* "The Haunted and the Haunters" (1857) by Edward Bulwer-Lytton
* "The Turn of the Screw" (1898) by Henry James
* "The House That Was" (1907) by Jacques Futrelle
* "The House on the Borderland" (1908) by William Hope Hodgson
* "The Beckoning Fair One" (1911) by Oliver Onions
* "The Rats in the Walls" (1924) by H. P. Lovecraft
* "The Haunting of Hill House" (1959) by Shirley Jackson
* "Hell House" (1971) by Richard Matheson
* "The House with a Clock in Its Walls" (1973) by John Bellairs
* "The Shining" (1977) by Stephen King
* "House of Leaves" (2000) by Mark Z. Danielewski
* "From the Dust Returned" (2001) by Ray Bradbury
* "House" (2006) by Ted Dekker
* "" (2001) by Ridley Pearson
* "Even Angels Fall" (2002) by Sherry A. Mauro


* "The Ghost House" (1917)
* "The Haunted House" (1921)
* "The Cat and the Canary" (1927)
* "The Cat Creeps" (1930)
* "The Ghost Goes West" (1936)
* "Lonesome Ghosts" (1937)
* "The Cat and the Canary" (1939)
* "Hold That Ghost" (1941)
* "The Uninvited" (1944)
* "The Ghost and Mrs. Muir" (1947)
* "Scared Stiff" (1953)
* "House on Haunted Hill" (1958)
* "13 Ghosts" (1960)
* "The Innocents" (1961)
* "The Haunting" (1963 & 1999)
* "The Ghost and Mr. Chicken" (1966)
* "The House That Dripped Blood" (1970)
* "The Legend of Hell House" (1973)
* "Burnt Offerings" (1976)
* "The Amityville Horror" (1979 & 2005)
* "The Shining" (1980)
* "The Changeling" (1980)
* "Poltergeist" (1982)
* "Ghostbusters" (1984)
* "The Nightstalker Murder" (1986)
* "Beetlejuice" (1988)
* "Casper" (1995)
* "Ghosts (1997 film)" (1997)
* "The Sixth Sense" (1999)
* "House on Haunted Hill" (remake) (1999)
* "The Haunting" (1999)
* "The Blair Witch Project" (1999)
* "Thirteen Ghosts" (remake) (2001)
* "The Others" (2001)
* "Rose Red" (2002)
* "Darkness" (2002)
* "The Haunted Mansion" (2003)
* "The Grudge" (2004)
* "The Grudge 2" (2006)
* "Monster house" (2006)
* "An American Haunting" (2006)
* "Stay Alive" (2006)
* "The Return" (2006)
* "Return to House on Haunted Hill" (2006)
* "The Messengers" (2007)
* "The Orphanage" (2007)
* "Prison of the Psychotic Damned" (2007)
* "Frightworld" (2007)
* "1408" (2007)
* "Ghost Frat" (2009)

See also

* Ghost hunting
* Ghost Hunters
* Legend tripping
* List of haunted locations
* List of U.S. paranormal guides
* Stigmatized property


External links

* [http://www.cnn.com/SHOWBIZ/Movies/9910/27/haunted.house/index.html Haunted Houses: The Film Genre That Won't Die] A look at cinematic haunted houses
* [http://www.vahistorical.org/hauntedhouse.htm A Night In A Haunted House] Abridged version of a story that appeared in The Southern Literary Messenger, June 1855
* [http://www.HauntedRealEstate.com HauntedRealEstate.com] A website dedicated to haunted real estate, and the issues concerning selling such property.
* [http://www.sleepyholler.com Haunted House Database]
* [http://www.ghostdatabase.co.uk Haunted Houses at The Ghost Database]
* [http://www.hauntworld.com Find Haunted Attractions by State]
* [http://www.hauntedhouseassociation.org Association for Haunted Attractions]

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