- Highway 144 (Ontario)
maint=the Ministry of Transportation
Ministry of Transportation of Ontario, [http://www.raqsa.mto.gov.on.ca/techpubs/TrafficVolumes.nsf/tvweb 2004 Annual Average Daily Traffic] ]
established=1965 [ [http://www.thekingshighway.ca/Highway144.htm History of Highway 144] ]
terminus_a=jct|state=ON|Hwy|17 in Sudbury
Sultan Industrial Road
jct|state=ON|Hwy|661 near Gogama
terminus_b=jct|state=ON|Hwy|101 in Timmins
Highway 144 is a long provincial highway in the Canadian province of
Ontario, linking the cities of Greater Sudburyand Timmins in the Northern Ontarioregion.
The highway is 271
kilometres (168.3 miles) long. Its southern terminus is an interchange with Highway 17's freewaysegment west of Lively, and its northern terminus is a grade-level intersection with Highway 101 west of downtown Timmins.
Much of the route is very isolated; there are only two communities, Cartier and Gogama, north of Greater Sudbury, and
gas stations are scarce (especially at night) along Highway 144. Highway 560 and the Sultan Industrial Road, which intersect Highway 144 at an isolated point 149 km north of the Sudbury terminus and 117 km south of the Timmins terminus, constitute the only major transportation route which intersects Highway 144 outside of those two cities.
Prior to 1964, the highway extended only from Sudbury to Cartier and was designated as Highway 544. Construction began in that year on an extension to Timmins, with work commencing at both ends. The highway number was changed to 144, representing an upgrade from secondary to primary highway status, in 1965.
The highway was fully opened to traffic on
September 25, 1970. [ [http://www.thekingshighway.ca/Highway144.htm History of Highway 144] ]
udbury Northwest Bypass
The highway adopted its current
two-lane freewayrouting from Lively to Chelmsford in 1986, along Sudbury's newly constructed Northwest Bypass. Previously, the highway entered directly into downtown Sudbury along what is now Municipal Road 35. With the Southwest and Southeast Bypass portion of Highway 17, the route from Chelmsford to Lively forms a partial ring roadaround the city's urban core.
In recent years, heavy traffic has been reported along the routing through Chelmsford, with an average daily traffic volume of 19,200 vehicles in 2002. [ [http://www.city.greatersudbury.on.ca/content/div_planning/documents/Transportation_Study.pdf City of Greater Sudbury Transportation Study] ] This is almost double the provincial standard of 10,000 AADT for the conversion of a route to
freewaystatus, although to date the Ministry of Transportation has not yet announced any formal plans to reroute or expand the highway. Municipal Road 35, however, has been widened by the city to accommodate traffic between downtown and the Highway 144 route.
Between the communities of Dowling and Onaping in Greater Sudbury, Highway 144 is home to the scenic A. Y. Jackson Lookout, overlooking the waterfall depicted in
A. Y. Jackson's 1953 painting "Spring on the Onaping River".
Near the Highway 560/Sultan Industrial Road intersection, the highway crosses the
Laurentian Divide, the boundary between the Great Lakesand Arctic Oceanwatersheds. North of this point, all streams and rivers flow north into Hudson Bay. A sign and a small picnic area mark the transition.
* [http://maps.google.ca/maps?f=d&hl=en&saddr=46.42,-81.18&daddr=hwy-144+%26+hwy-101,+timmins,+on&sll=46.417506,-81.183815&sspn=0.026154,0.045233&layer=&ie=UTF8&z=7&ll=47.398349,-81.177979&spn=3.287066,5.789795&t=h&om=1 Google Maps: Highway 144]
* [http://www.thekingshighway.ca/Highway144.htm History of Highway 144]
* [http://www.thekingshighway.ca/PHOTOS/Hwy144photos.htm Historical Photographs of Highway 144]
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