Constructive speech

Constructive speech
Part of the series
Policy Debate
Policy debate competitions

Inter-Collegiate policy debate

Structure of policy debate · Resolution

Constructive · Rebuttal · Prep Time
Evidence · Flow


Affirmative · Negative · Judge

Types of Arguments

Stock Issues · Case· Disadvantage
Counterplan · Kritik
Impact calculus · Topicality

Argumentative Concepts

Offense · Defense · Turn · Drop · Fiat

v · policy debate, a constructive speech is one of the first four speeches of a debate round. Constructive speeches are followed by a 3-minute cross-examination period.

In high school, constructive speeches are 8 minutes long; in college, they are 9 minutes.

In general, new arguments are only allowed during constructive speeches, and many judges will disregard new arguments made in rebuttal speeches, especially if they are flagged by the opposing team.

Currently, the "first affirmative constructive" (1AC) is used to present the "plan", although historically it was often presented in the "second affirmative constructive" (2AC). Accordingly, many believe that negative "off-case arguments" must be presented in the "first negative constructive" (1NC). Many believe that negative "on-case arguments" must also be presented in the 1NC, but this is followed less uniformly.

Because of the phenomenon of "splitting the negative block", some have come to view the "first negative rebuttal" (1NR) (and to a lesser degree, the "first affirmative rebuttal" (1AR) as constructive speeches as well.

See also