1986 in aviation

1986 in aviation

in?=in aviation
cp=19th Century
c=20th century
cf=21st century

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1986:



* January 9 - the UK Defence Secretary, Michael Heseltine, resigns amidst a political furore over the future of Westland Helicopters. Two weeks later, Leon Brittan, the Trade and Industry Secretary, will also resign.
* January 28 - the Space Shuttle "Challenger" is destroyed at launch
* January 31 - Boeing completes purchase of de Havilland Canada


* February 12 - US Navy aircraft carriers commence exercises in the Gulf of Sirte, off the coast of Libya, challenging that country's territorial claims to those waters.


* April 2 - a bomb planted by a Palestinian terrorist group explodes aboard a TWA Boeing 727 on a flight between Rome and Athens. Four passengers are killed and nine more injured, but the aircraft lands safely.
* April 14 - US Navy jets attack Libya in Operation El Dorado Canyon
* April 18 - Marcel Dassault (real name, Marcel Bloch) dies at 94.
* April 28 - Pan Am returns to the Soviet Union, using a Boeing 747 from JFK International Airport in New York.


* May 3 - 20 passengers die after an explosion caused by Tamil Tigers separatists aboard an Air Lanka Lockheed L-1011
* May 7 - Al Mooney dies, aged 80.
* May 16 - Top Gun (film) opens in theaters in United States
* May 26 - Helicopter prison escape from a Parisian jail. Escapee Michel Vaujour was flown to freedom via his wife, a newly graduated helicopter pilot.


*May 29-June 1 - the 5th FAI World Rally Flying Championship in Castellón de la Plana, Spain.Individual winners: 1. Krzysztof Lenartowicz & Janusz Darocha (Poland), 2. Carlos Eugui Aguado / Jose Anizonda (Spain), 3./4. Wacław Nycz & Marian Wieczorek (Poland) / Witold Świadek & Andrzej Korzeniowski (Poland). Team winners: 1. Poland, 2. West Germany, 3. Spain.


* August 11 - a modified Westland Lynx sets a new helicopter world speed record of 249 mph (401 km/h)
* August 20 - first test-flight of a propfan engine, the General Electric GE-36
* August 26 - the CFM56 turbofan is flight tested for the first time.


* October 21 - British Airways is offered for public sale by the British government


* November 3 While attempting to land at Zahedan airport, an Iranian Hercules C-130 army transport plane crashes into a mountain; all 103 passengers are killed.
* November 6 - Sumburgh disaster, a British International Helicopters Boeing 234LR Chinook crashes in the Shetland Isles, killing 45 people. It is history's worst civlian helicopter disaster.


* December 2 - an Air France Concorde returns to Paris after an 18-day around the world trip with 94 passengers.
* December 14-23: First non-stop flight around the planet without refueling - the Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, on a distance of 26,366 statute miles (the FAI accredited distance is 40,212 km)

First flights


* February 15 - Beechcraft Starship


* April 27 - Partenavia Mosquito
* April 25 - Air Tractor AT-503


* July 4 - Dassault Rafale


* August 6 - BAe ATP
* August 8 - British Aerospace EAP


* September 13 - Piaggio P.180 Avanti


* November 30 - Fokker F100


* December 31 - IAI Lavi

Entered service


* May 1 - Dassault Mirage IVP with Armée de l'Air


* October 1 - AH-64 Apache with the US 6th Cavalry Brigade

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