- Notre-Dame-des-Anges, Quebec
Notre-Dame-des-Anges — Parish municipality — Coordinates: 46°49′N 71°14′W / 46.817°N 71.233°WCoordinates: 46°49′N 71°14′W / 46.817°N 71.233°W Country Canada Province Quebec Region Capitale-Nationale Regional county none Settled 1620 Incorporated July 1, 1855 Government – Administrator Aline Plante – Federal riding Québec – Prov. riding Taschereau Area – Land 0.04 km2 (0 sq mi) Population (2006) – Total 437 – Density 12,206.7/km2 (31,615.2/sq mi) Time zone EST (UTC-5) – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4) Postal Code G1K 5N1 Area code(s) 418 and 581
Notre-Dame-des-Anges is a parish municipality in Quebec, Canada, home of the General Hospital of Quebec.
Enclaved within the territory of Quebec City, this unusual municipality, lacking any governmental structure, has a population of 437 and measures only 6 hectares (15 acres) in area, making it the smallest incorporated municipal entitiy in Canada. With a density of 12,206.67 /km2 (31,615.1 /sq mi) according to Statistics Canada, it is the second densest census subdivisions in Canada.
The land near the Saint-Charles River was first possessed as a fief by the Récollet order, which founded a convent there around 1620. The seigneury then passed to the Jesuits in 1626, taking the name of Notre-Dame-des-Anges ("Our Lady of the Angels"); it was returned to the Récollets when they returned to New France in 1670.
In 1692, it was purchased by Mgr de Saint-Vallier, Bishop of Quebec, to found a hospital, which he did the subsequent year. In 1722, it was established as a civil parish and in 1855, the parish municipality was officially founded with the goal of protecting its sole occupant, the Hôpital général de Québec, from taxes.
The municipality is situated north of downtown Quebec City, enclaved within the borough of La Cité–Limoilou, bounded by avenue Simon-Napoléon-Parent, rue des Commissaires Ouest, and rue Saint-Anselme.
It is entirely occupied by the Hôpital Général de Québec, including the CLSC Basse-Ville–Limoilou–Vanier, and by the various religious buildings associated with the hospital, including an Augustine monastery, the Église de Notre-Dame-des-Anges (the parish church), and a museum. The hospital is surrounded by a cemetery holding, among others, the remains of General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm.
It is one of two enclaves in Quebec City (along with the Wendake Indian reserve) that was not subject to the municipal mergers in 2002. It is also by far the smallest municipality not included in one of Quebec's Regional County Municipalities.
- Population in 2006: 437 (2001 to 2006 population change: 6.8 %)
- Population in 2001: 409
- Population in 1996: 370
- Population in 1991: 455
- ^ Ministère des Affaires Municipales, Régions et Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: Notre-Dame-des-Anges
- ^ a b Statistics Canada 2006 Census - Notre-Dame-des-Anges community profile
- ^ Statistic Canada 2006 Census - Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (by land area)
- ^ Statistic Canada 2006 Census - Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (by population density)
- ^ a b "Notre-Dame-des-Anges (Municipalité de paroisse)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. http://www.toponymie.gouv.qc.ca/CT/toposweb/fiche.aspx?no_seq=181013. Retrieved 2010-04-09.
- ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
- Commission de toponymie du Québec -- Topos sur le Web (French)
- Notre-Dame-des-Anges -- Ministère des Affaires municipales et des Régions (French)
- La Miséricorde de Jésus de l'Hôpital Général de Québec Augustine Community (English)
- Notre-Dame-des-Anges - ePodunk (includes map)
Administrative divisions of Capitale-Nationale (Region 03) Regional county municipalities
and equivalent territories
- Parish municipalities in Quebec
- Incorporated places in Capitale-Nationale
- French Colonial architecture in Canada
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