- Bennington, Vermont
official_name = Bennington, Vermont
settlement_type = Town
image_caption = The
Bennington Battle Monument
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Located in Bennington County, Vermont
mapsize1 = 195px
map_caption1 = Location of Vermont within the U.S.A.
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Bennington
established_title = Chartered
established_date = 1749
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 110.1
area_land_km2 = 109.9
area_water_km2 = 0.2
area_total_sq_mi = 42.5
area_land_sq_mi = 42.5
area_water_sq_mi = 0.1
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 15737
population_density_km2 = 143.2
population_density_sq_mi = 370.9
population_blank1_title = Households
population_blank1 = 6162
population_blank2_title = Families
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 42 |latm = 53 |lats = 28 |latNS = N
longd = 73 |longm = 12 |longs = 29 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 249
elevation_ft = 817
postal_code = 05201
area_code = 802
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 50-04825GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1462039GR|3
Bennington is a town located in Bennington County,
Vermont, United States. It is one of two shire towns ( county seats) of the county, the other being Manchester [ [http://www.leg.state.vt.us/statutes/fullsection.cfm?Title=24&Chapter=001&Section=00003 Title 24, Part I, Chapter 1, §3] , Vermont Statutes. Accessed 2007-11-01.] GR|6. The population was 15,737 at the 2000 census. By population, Bennington is the largest town in Southern Vermont, the third-largest town in Vermont (after Essex and Colchester), and the sixth-largest municipality in the state (after Burlington, Essex, Rutland, Colchester, and South Burlington). Bennington is home to the Bennington Battle Monument, which is the tallest structure in the state of Vermont.
The site, chartered as a town in 1749, was settled in 1761 and named for
Benning Wentworth, governor of New Hampshire, who issued the grant. The settlers were led by Capt. Samuel Robinson, who camped in the river valley on his return from the French and Indian War.
The town is known primarily for the
Battle of Bennington, fought during the Revolutionary War (the battle was actually fought a few miles to the west in New York). On August 16 1777, Gen. John Stark’s 1,500 New Hampshire Militiadefeated 800 troops of German mercenaries, local Loyalists, Canadians and Indians under German Lt. Col. Friedrich Baum. German reinforcements under the command of Lt. Col. Heinrich von Breymannlooked set to reverse the outcome, but were prevented by the arrival of Seth Warner’s Green Mountain Boys; the Vermont militia founded by Ethan Allen.
There are three historic districts within the town today: Old Bennington, Downtown Bennington and North Bennington. Of these, Old Bennington is the original settlement, dating back to 1761 when Congregational Separatists arrived from
Connecticutand Massachusetts. In the early 1800’s , Downtown Bennington started developing, and by 1854 the county’s population had reached 18,589.
In 1891, the
Bennington Battle Monumentwas opened. The monument is a 306 foot high stone obelisk that is the tallest structure in Vermont. It is a popular tourist attraction.
Bennington has ready access to natural resources and waterpower, and a long history of manufacture, primarily within wood processing. The town is also recognized nationally for its
pottery, iron, and textiles.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 42.5 square miles (110.0 km²), of which, 42.4 square miles (109.9 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.14%) is water.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 15,737 people, 6,162 households, and 3,863 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 370.9 people per square mile (143.2/km²). There were 6,574 housing units at an average density of 154.9/sq mi (59.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.96% White, 0.63% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.99% of the population.
There were 6,162 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were couples living together and joined in either
marriageor civil union, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.3% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the town the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $33,706, and the median income for a family was $40,615. Males had a median income of $30,712 versus $22,411 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $17,290. About 11.1% of families and 14.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.1% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.
* Bennington is home to the 20 time defending State Wrestling Champions: the Mount Anthony Patriots. The Mount Anthony Patriots have won 20 consecutive Vermont State Wrestling Championships under the head coaching of Scott Legacy.Fact|date=April 2008 This is the New National record.Fact|date=April 2008
Bennington Battle Monument
Park-McCullough Historic House, a well-preserved, 35-room, Victorian country house.
Robert Frost's grave.
* [http://www.oldfirstchurchbenn.org/ The Old First Church]
Southern Vermont College
* [http://www.benningtonmuseum.com/ The Bennington Museum]
*Hiram Bingham, first missionary to introduce
Christianityto the Hawaiian Islands
Beatrice Boepple, actress
*James Fisk, Jr., financier
Helen Frankenthaler, painter
*Simon Fraser, fur trader and explorer who charted much of what is now the Canadian province of
Robert Frost, poet
Cynthia Gibb, actress and former model
Milford Graves, free jazz drummer, percussion musician
Horace Chapin Henry, Seattle businessman and founder of the Henry Art Gallery
Stanley Edgar Hyman, literary critic
Shirley Jackson, author
Jamaica Kincaid, novelist
Ray Magliozzi, co-host of NPR's weekly radio show, Car Talk, taught science at the Mount Anthony Union Middle School in Bennington for a few years
Jules Olitski, painter
Cody Pettibone, Major League Baseballplayer for the Boston Red Soxin the 1920s
Jonathan Robinson, U.S. Senator from Vermont
Moses Robinson, U.S. Senator from Vermont
*Mary Rogers, last woman executed by Vermont
*David Smith, sculptor of Abstract Expressionism mostly know for large steel abstract geometric sculptures
Benjamin Swift, U.S. Senator from Vermont
Isaac Tichenor, Governor of Vermont and also served as a jurist and a U.S. Senator
Seth Warner, Captain of the Green Mountain Boys
Bennington Free Library
* [http://www.bennington.com/ Bennington Vermont Official Town Site]
* [http://www.benningtonfreelibrary.org/ Bennington Free Library Website]
* [http://www.benningtonbanner.com Bennington Banner, the daily newspaper]
* [http://www.bennington.edu/ Bennington College]
* [http://www.svc.edu/ Southern Vermont College]
* [http://www.strangenation.com.au/articles/vanish.htm "Vanishing Point," "Strange Nation" article about numerous inexplicable disappearances in Bennington, Vermont between 1920 and 1950]
* [http://www.mytownsquare.org/index.php/Bennington%2C_VT%2C_USA Recent events in Bennington, VT]
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