George Costanza

George Costanza

Infobox character | name = George Louis Costanza

first = "The Seinfeld Chronicles"
last = "The Finale, Part II"
cause = End of show
alias = Art Vandelay
Biff Loman
Buck Naked
Body-Suit Man
species =
gender = Male
age = 30s
occupation = Real Estate Agent
Parking Cars
Manuscript Reader
Hand Model
Bra Salesman
Sales Rep for Restroom Supplies Company
Assistant to the Traveling Secretary for New York Yankees
Sales Rep for Playground Equipment Company
Computer Salesman
Representative for Kruger Industrial Smoothing
religion = Latvian Orthodox
title =
family = Frank (father)
Estelle (mother)
Susan Biddle Ross (fiancée) (deceased)
children =
relatives = Shelly (cousin)
Aunt Baby (deceased)
Uncle Moe (deceased)
Second-Cousin Henny
Rhisa (cousin)
portrayer = Jason Alexander
creator = Larry David
Loosely based on David

George Louis Costanza is a fictional character in the United States-based television sitcom "Seinfeld" (1989–1998), played by Jason Alexander. He has variously been described as a "short, stocky, slow-witted, bald man" (by Elaine Benes and by Costanza himself), "Lord of the Idiots" (by Costanza himself), and as "the greatest sitcom character of all time." [ [ Ricky Gervais' Top 10 TV Sitcoms] ] [ [,3604,1378410,00.html Diary by Marina Hyde, The Guardian] ] He is friends with Jerry Seinfeld, Cosmo Kramer and Elaine Benes. George appears in every single episode except for "The Pen" in the third season.


Although not a main focus of the show, various details about George's life are revealed throughout. He was born, and grew up in Queens, New York. He met Jerry Seinfeld in a middle-school locker-room, and they remained friends from that point on. He and Seinfeld attended John F. Kennedy High School, and then they both went on to Queens College. The series starts some years after he graduates.


George is neurotic, self-loathing, and dominated by his parents, Frank and Estelle. He has been best friends with Jerry since their middle school years. Despite being billed at times as "slow witted," George starts out as a moderately intelligent character- at one point he mentions an intellectual interest in the American Civil War, and, in some early episodes, is appears almost as a mentor to Jerry - but gets dumber to the point at which he is too lazy to even read a book.

George exhibits a number of negative character traits, among them stinginess, selfishness, dishonesty, insecurity, and neurosis. Many of these traits form the basis for his involvement in various plots, schemes, and awkward social encounters. Episode plots frequently feature George manufacturing elaborate deceptions at work or in his relationships in order to gain or maintain some small or imagined advantage. He had success in "The Opposite" in which Jerry advises him to do the opposite of his instincts which resulted in him getting a girlfriend and a job with the New York Yankees. In "The Couch" George says "I can sense the slightest human suffering." Then Jerry asks "Are you sensing anything right now?". At one point, George contemplated becoming a philanthropist, but is shown to be unable to comprehend the meaning of charity; he would only give money to people when he felt like it, and even then "they would owe (him) big."

His relationship with Elaine and Kramer is likely a love/hate relationship. With Elaine, he does get into arguments in one episode, even though he is scared of her, he sometimes wins the argument, which happened in "The Wife" but they also work together most notably in the episode, "The Cadillac." George and Kramer usually feel awkward with each other but started working together (and against each other) in episodes "The Busboy," "The Stall" and "The Slicer." In "The Susie," is only the episode where their relationship is prominent as much as the relationship between the other characters. As with other people, George does try to make up with Kramer to get Allison back.

He has an affinity for nice restrooms and lush work facilities. In "The Revenge," he quits his real estate job solely because he is forbidden from using his boss's private bathroom. In "The Busboy," he claims to have a cursory knowledge of the locations of the best bathrooms in the city. In "The Bookstore" George takes a book into the bathroom. When he tries to return it the clerk rejects it, declaring, "it's been flagged, this book has been in the bathroom." George tries to figure out a way to get his money back, but his book has been flagged in every bookstore database in the city. When working for the Yankees, he suggested having the bathroom stall doors stretched all the way to the floor (allowing people's legs not to be seen while in the stalls) and in many episodes he shows a fascination with toilet paper and its history. The show breaks continuity when in The Betrayal George postpones going to the bathroom the entire trip to India, claiming not to trust foreign bathrooms. However, in several previous episodes George just uses any bathroom available and advocated going as soon as he feels the urge, saying "if you have to go, just go", In "The Wife" George gets into trouble for urinating in the shower of a gym, but defends his action with "It's just pipes, what's the difference". His obsession with bathrooms and bathroom related material is unexplained in the show, but surely serves to reveal George's quirks and neurotic personality.

George is also incredibly impressionable and many of his actions are based on the actions and advice of his friends. In "The Engagement," George asks Susan Ross to marry him and is enthusiastic about changing his life after Jerry claims that he plans to do the same; however, when George finds out that Jerry doesn't plan to change his ways at all, he suddenly realizes how big a mistake he just made. It is revealed that he only asked Susan to marry him because he thought Jerry was also going to at least be in a meaningful relationship that would result in marriage for the two.

He is considered an expert liar, and is often able to talk his way out of extraordinary situations. In "The Beard", George also remarks on his own ability to lie, stating, "Jerry, just remember, it's not a lie if you believe it." In "The Andrea Doria" he described his life of suffering so convincingly to a tenant board, they gave him a prized apartment over to Clarence Eldridge, an Andrea Doria survivor. Clearly, George has good speaking skills and is able to relay his childhood trauma and personal demons very well. His skeptical, almost paranoid nature also makes it extremely difficult for someone to put one over on him. It should also be noted that George possibly has talent for being an editor just like Elaine. This is shown in the episode "The Red Dot," where he actually stays late to continue his job, commenting on how easy it is. This is also one of the only times where Elaine has actually complimented George for a skill other than lying, as she calls him a "dynamo" at the job.

Although occasionally referred to as being dumb by his friends (notably Elaine), there is every reason to believe George is quite an intelligent man despite his neurotic behavior. The Notes About Nothing on the 1st episode of Seinfeld reveal that George was originally described as an intelligent man trying to escape city life. Throughout the first two seasons, he maintained a sense of intelligence and gave little indication of being an idiot, to the point that he even gave correct advice to Jerry and Elaine about relationships and other topics. However, George's foolishness, and possibly the show's decision to ultimately make him an idiot, was revealed in the episode, "The Cafe," where George had to take an I.Q. test and had Elaine do it for him. From that episode on, George's neurotic stupidity would progress more and more through his actions and ideals, until it became one of his primary characteristics. By the season 6 episode, "The Couch," he couldn't even concentrate enough to read a 90 page book ("Breakfast at Tiffany's"). In "The Abstinence," it is discovered George actually has what would appear to be genius-level intelligence but that he can never access it because his mind is always so completely focused on sex. When circumstances allow him to temporarily remove sex from his mind, he is able to reach his true potential. Despite all his negative traits, there are moments when George is capable of being brave in "The Marine Biologist" and responsible, though he mainly exhibits cowardice in "The Fire".

George also loves velvet, saying, "If it were socially acceptable, I would drape myself in velvet" in "The Label Maker".

Larry David's Influence

George is based primarily upon co-creator Larry David (see 5th Season DVD Special Feature "Jason + Larry = George"), and named after Jerry Seinfeld's college classmate Michael Costanza (who appeared in the 3rd Season episode "The Parking Space"). Many of George's predicaments were based on past real-life experiences of David. In "The Revenge," for example, when George quits his job in a fury only to realize his actions were a mistake, he goes back the next day as if nothing happened, mirroring David's actions while working as a writer for "Saturday Night Live", when he quit and then returned to his job in the same manner.

Alexander, from his first audition for the part, based the character George on Woody Allen. As the show progressed, Alexander discovered that the character was based on David. As Alexander explains in an interview for the "Seinfeld" DVD, during an early conversation with David, Alexander questioned a script, saying, "This could never happen to anyone, and even if it did, no human being would react like this." David replied, "What do you mean? This happened to me once, and this is exactly how I reacted!"

Jerry Seinfeld described the character of George Costanza. Seinfeld stated "Anger is the key to this whole character, justifiable anger . . . It's justifiable from the point of view. He got a raw deal, handed a bad hand in life, and he's gonna get even."

Family and background

George is half Italian (on his father's side) and presumably Jewish (on his mother's) [ [ "This Larry David show is about something — 'Larry David'"] Jewish World Review, October 24, 2001] , the son of Frank and Estelle Costanza, who are described as "psychopaths" by Jerry ("The Puffy Shirt"); "loud" and "always fighting" by Helen Seinfeld ("The Raincoats, Part 1"); and "sick" by the father of Susan Ross ("The Rye"). The constant bickering and bizarre behavior of his parents is often cited as a reason for George's adult neurosis and eccentricity: Jerry comments that George "could have been normal" had the Costanzas divorced thirty years earlier ("The Chinese Woman"), and George describes himself as "the result of my parents having stayed together" ("The Shoes"). Nevertheless, George can be fiercely defensive on his parents' behalf if they are snubbed by others, as when Jerry's own parents avoided dinner with them in "The Raincoats, Part 1." He is shocked when the mysterious man in The Cape is revealed to be his father's divorce attorney, and urges his parents not to go through with the divorce.

In "The Suicide," George makes reference to a brother who "once impregnated a woman named Pauline." The brother is referenced again in "The Parking Space" when George explains that no one in his family pays for parking, but the brother is never referenced elsewhere, nor does he make an appearance in the series. In the same episode it is mentioned that both of his parents are bald (which they aren't). This was before the first appearance of either of them.

George has two known cousins. One of them is Shelly, who appeared in "The Contest," and his other cousin Rhisa appears in "The Junk Mail," referred to by George as Frank's "brother's daughter," although this uncle does not appear, either; however, it is mentioned at another time that George has an uncle Moe, who "died a young man" ("The Money"). George also had an aunt, "Aunt Baby," who died at the age of 7 of internal problems ("The Money"). When asked by his wife how old Aunt Baby would be today if she had lived, Frank Costanza replied, "she never would'a' made it." In "The Doll," it is revealed that Frank Costanza has a cousin, Carlo, in Italy. As of the first season episode "The Robbery" George had a living grandmother and grandfather whom he had recently visited. These are likely his father's parents as in another episode George asks his mother about her mother, whom he never really knew and had only seen pictures of.


George's best-friendship with Jerry is arguably the main relationship in the series. Despite their trademark shallowness, there does appear to be a deep fraternal bond between Jerry and George that only makes itself clearly shown very rarely. At one point George mentions his dislike for telling people he loves them, remarking casually to Jerry "I like you, I don't tell you," to which Jerry replies "We can only thank God for that." Likewise, once when Jerry's emotionally cold exterior gets broken and his emotions come flooding out of him, he tells George that he loves him as well, which makes George very uncomfortable, until after he tells Jerry of his greatest fears and becomes emotional himself, even though it turns Jerry "back to normal."

The friendship of George and Jerry is also apparently great enough to not be disrupted by financial issues. In "The Cadillac, Part 1," Elaine and Kramer both treat Jerry differently after finding out how much money he seems to make, with Elaine becoming very flirty with him and Kramer going so far as to claim "I think this changes the friendship." George, however, still treats Jerry the same throughout the entire episode.

The extreme closeness of the friendship (despite being entirely platonic as Jerry and George are both heterosexual) is occasionally mistaken for homosexuality. "The Outing" deals with a reporter from a New York University college paper mistaking Jerry and George for a homosexual couple, and in "The Cartoon" George dates someone who Kramer insists is merely a "femme Jerry." When George is forced to note to himself that the idea of a female Jerry with whom he can have a close personal relationship and also a sexual relationship would be everything he's ever wanted, George breaks off his relationship with the woman in horror.


George becomes engaged to Susan Biddle Ross, a wealthy executive at NBC who approved Jerry and George's show-within-the-show sitcom pilot. George and Susan date for a year, during which time the commitment-phobic George is constantly trying to find ways to end their relationship without actually having to initiate the breakup with her. In "The Engagement," he proposes to her in a short-lived bout of midlife crisis, after he and Jerry had made a "pact" to move forward with their lives. When Jerry breaks up with his girlfriend and declares the deal over, George panics and again tries repeatedly to weasel out of his engagement. He gets his wish about two weeks before the wedding in "The Invitations," when he inadvertently causes her death by selecting cheap envelopes for their wedding invitations, not knowing they contained toxic glue. When notified of her death at the hospital, George displays a combination of shock, apathy and relief. A few moments after being notified of Susan's passing, he says to Jerry, Kramer and Elaine, "Well, let's go get some coffee." Susan's parents, never knowing the specifics behind her poisoning but suspecting George was somehow involved, never forgive him for this, and they appoint him to the Board of Directors of the Susan Ross Foundation to keep him trapped under their influence and to ensure that he would never get any of Susan's inheritance.

George's girlfriends

His relationships with women are always unsuccessful and usually end badly. His most disastrous relationship, an engagement to Susan Ross, is one of the few that ends "well" for George; he fears marriage and Susan's unexpected death saves him from the commitment. However, even this comes back to "bite him in the butt" — her wealthy parents create a foundation in her honor and endow it with the land, mansions, and money that would have been given to George and Susan upon their marriage. There's also other women that George dated throughout the series:
*His two dates, Loretta who refuse to breakup and Maura who won't make love in "The Strongbox" makes it hard for George to break up.
*In "The Cadillac" George dates a celebrity, Marisa Tomei in the park for a short time and got punch for revealing that he's engaged.
*In "The Cafe" George dates Monica, who tests George in an IQ test. Apparently after letting Elaine help him cheat, the end result is the test being spilled into food and he is left to explain about the mess on the IQ test.
*In "The Nose Job" George dates Audrey who has a big nose until himself, Jerry and Elaine is shocked when Kramer suggests that she gets a nose job.
*In "The Red Dot" by accident, George dates Evie, a cleaning woman who works at Pendant Publishing by sharing Hennigans.
*In "The Conversion" George willingly converts to the Latvian Orthodox faith for his girlfriend, Sasha, after Elaine mentions that it would be romantic, only to learn that she is going to Latvia after he completes the conversion.
*In "The Boyfriend" George dates Mrs Sokol's daughter, Carrie in order to get the extension on his employment.
*In "The Good Samaritan" George dates Robin after he says "god bless you" to her.
*In "The Outing" George dates Allison who's having a breakdown. He tries to show that he's gay but it fails.


Unlike Jerry, George is never specifically identified as Jewish - or any other religion. But according to some hints given in the show, it is most likely that he is Catholic. Larry David once claimed in an interview that George is half-Jewish/half-Italian, although that could merely be ethnicity. If this is the case, then the obvious conclusion to draw is that Estelle is the Jewish half of the equation, as the name "Costanza" comes from Frank, he hails from Tuscany and all references to the possible Catholicism of the Costanza family are due to aspects of Frank, not Estelle.

*In the episode "The Fatigues," it is learned that Frank, George's father, is a member of the Knights of Columbus, an all-Catholic fraternal organization.
*It is revealed Frank has relatives in Italy, and lived in Italy for part of his early childhood. Additionally in "The Calzone," George points out that Costanza is Italian, and that he and the Paisano's clerk are like family because of that. The primary religion in Italy is Roman Catholicism.
*In "The Understudy" Jerry tells Elaine that Frank Costanza sold religious articles like statues of Jesus and the Blessed Virgin Mary, which are obviously symbols of the Christian faith.
*George sometimes refers to "Mother of God!" using it as an expression of being stunned (e.g. in "The Rye"), although it is probably only an expression.
*In the episode Festivus, it is mentioned that Frank rejects all the commercial and religious aspects of Christmas. As this began after George was born it seems reasonable to suspect that before this time at least, he was raised Christian.

Other allusions to the question of religion:

*In "The Conversion," George converts to Latvian Orthodox so that he can continue to date his girlfriend who will only date within her faith. When George's parents discover his plan to convert, they are furious (Frank thinks that it is the group that "goes around mutilating squirrels").
*In "The Strike," it is revealed that George's father Frank invented the December holiday Festivus to counter the commercialism of Christmas. When George was a child, he was forced to celebrate the holiday, and as a result George hates Festivus. George shows his feelings for the holiday when he refuses to take down Frank in the Feats of Strength (but Frank makes him do it anyway).
*In "The Pilot," it is revealed that George does not believe in God except for the "bad things" in life.

Professional life

George's professional life is unstable. He is unable to remain in any job for any great length of time before making an embarrassing blunder and getting fired. Very often the blunder is lying and trying to cover it up only to have it all fall apart.

Over the course of the series, he works for a real estate transaction services firm (Rick Bahr Properties), a rest stop supply company (Sanalac), Elaine's company (Pendant Publishing), the New York Yankees (his longest running job), a playground equipment company (Play Now), an industrial smoothing company (Kruger Industrial Smoothing), and other places. He is fired from his job at Pendant Publishing for having sex with the cleaning woman on his desk in "The Red Dot" (he professes he has always been attracted to cleaning women).

His original job when the series starts is as a real estate agent; he ends up quitting, only to slip his boss a mickey in "The Revenge." It remains to be seen why George would be able to collect unemployment when he quits his job without any good reason. He always wanted be an architect; he first desires to be one in "The Stakeout," and he claims in "The Race" that he had designed "the new addition to the Guggenheim." In "The Van Buren Boys," he denies his young protégé a scholarship from the Susan Ross Foundation when the young man decides he no longer wants to be an architect, and wants to become a city planner instead. In "The Marine Biologist," Jerry tells a woman George wanted to impress that George is a marine biologist. The plan backfires when George is called upon to save a beached whale with a Titleist golf ball in its blowhole. He saves the whale, but the woman tells him off when he confesses that he is not, in fact, a marine biologist; "she told me to go to hell, and I took the bus home."

During the fourth season of the series, George gains experience as a sitcom writer as he helps Jerry to write the pilot for the fictitious show "Jerry". While pitching the concept of a "show about nothing" to NBC executives, George dates Susan until "The Virgin" when she got fired followed to the last episode "The Pilot" that Russel's obsession with Elaine has cost them George and Jerry a shot of the TV series.

Fashion and hairstyle

George is always known for his balding hair which never changes throughout the series. His hair is rarely seen styled. His clothes are usually very plain. He frequently wears jeans. In "The Pilot" George wears sweatpants, to which Jerry says it makes George look like he's given up on life. In "The Subway," when his clothes are taken, he goes to the coffee shop with a blanket. "The Gum" has him dressed as Henry the 8th, which along with a tuxedo in "The Opera" are the only times when he's seen entirely apart from his drab attire. George has, however, mentioned that his clothing is colored coded based on the mood he is in. Jerry asked him what mood he was in and George replied "Morning Mist" (The Trip). Several times throughout the show George mentions how he would love to dress all in velvet, which he does in one episode. In the episode "The Bizarro Jerry", George can be seen styling his hair based on a Dennis Franz poster.

Jobs held/places of employment

* Real estate agent (from the first episode, "The Seinfeld Chronicles," until "The Revenge")
* Parking cars in place of "Sid" while Sid was out of town tending to his ailing nephew ("The Alternate Side")
* Reader at Pendant Publishing ("The Red Dot"). He loses this job by having sex with the cleaning woman.
* Writer for a sitcom pilot called "Jerry" for NBC (Season 4, from "The Pitch" to "The Pilot")
* Hand model (until he burned his hands on an iron). ("The Puffy Shirt")
* Bra salesmen for Sid Farkus, a friend of his father Frank Costanza (although this job lasted all of about two minutes). ("The Sniffing Accountant")
* Sales rep at a rest stop supplies company. ("The Barber")
* "Assistant to the Traveling Secretary" for the New York Yankees ("The Opposite" through "The Muffin Tops") (Despite this seemingly low-level position, George gets a spacious office overlooking Yankee Stadium and a personal secretary, attends high-echelon board meetings, and associates with George Steinbrenner and Yankees team members such as Danny Tartabull, Derek Jeter, and Bernie Williams.) This was his longest-lasting job during the course of the series. While at the Yankees George was promoted twice, replacing his former bosses Mr. Morgan and Mr. Wilhelm. He lost this job due to the Yankees trading him to Tyler Chicken for a supply of chicken snacks and fermented chicken drinks for the concession stands.
* Play Now, a playground equipment company ("The Butter Shave" and "The Voice")
* Computer salesman for his father's computer selling scheme, "Costanza and Son" ("The Serenity Now")
* Kruger Industrial Smoothing, described as the perfect job for George due to the fact that there was "no management whatsoever." Eventually even George got annoyed with Kruger's inability to buckle down and get some work done. (George was employed at Kruger from "The Slicer" through the end of the series, but Kruger's last appearance was in "The Maid")
* Worked at Dairy Queen and was fired for cooling his feet in the soft serve machine ("The Millenium")

Jobs he falsely claimed to hold

* Architect (First in "The Stakeout" and in numerous episodes thereafter)
* Marine biologist ("The Marine Biologist")
* Playwright author of "La Cocina", an off-off Broadway show ("The Pitch")
* Stock trader of some kind (he only says that he is "in the big market") to impress a woman on the subway ("The Subway").
* Latex salesman, although he is only trying to be hired by Vandelay Industries, the fake latex company which holds Jerry's phone number, so that he is still able to obtain unemployment checks, because that qualifies as legitimately looking for work. ("The Boyfriend, Part 1")
* Hen supervisor at Tyler Chicken ("The Muffin Tops")


*Art Vandelay first appears in the episode "The Stakeout," in which George and Jerry need an excuse to give to a woman as to why they are waiting in the lobby of the office building where she worked. Their excuse is that they were meeting Art Vandelay, an importer-exporter who works in the same building, for lunch. In one instance ("The Boyfriend"), George tells the unemployment office he is close to getting a job at "Vandelay Industries." The name is also used as a fake boyfriend of Elaine. Here, Art is an importer/exporter, and used as a cover story for when George is going on a date with Marisa Tomei, claiming that George and Elaine are meeting to discuss a problem with her boyfriend so that Susan does not think that George is having an affair ("The Cadillac"). George also uses the pseudonym when interviewing for a job with Elaine's boss in "The Red Dot." When asked which authors he reads the answer is "Art Vandelay" from New York. In "The Serenity Now," George calls up fake customers, one of which is "Mr. Vandelay," pretending to get computer orders. In "The Bizarro Jerry" George goes to an office and asks for Mr. Vandelay, as part of a setup to approach an attractive secretary. Finally, in "The Puerto Rican Day," George pretends to be Vandelay (along with Jerry as Kal Vernsen and Kramer as Pennypacker) to try to sneak into an open house to watch a Mets game that they had left because they were getting blown out. In the episode "The Finale," the name of the presiding judge is actually Arthur Vandelay, much to the amazement of George. George says he thinks it is "good luck" that that is the judge's name.
*At one point ("The Maid"), George wants to be known as T-Bone, but his co-workers at Kruger Industrial Smoothing nickname him Koko because of the way he had flailed his arms when demanding the nickname "T-Bone" back from a coworker. George deliberately hires a woman named Coco to work there, only to be nicknamed Gammy instead.
*George reveals that if he were to be a porn star, his name would be Buck Naked. ("The Outing")
*During a very long period of unemployment for George, Jerry calls George Biff, referring to the Biff Loman character in Arthur Miller's "Death of a Salesman". In The Subway before George's interview, Jerry even says "Don't whistle on the elevator." George is also compared to Biff Loman by the daughter of Lenore Sokol, the woman in charge of George's unemployment benefits.
*George once assumes the identity of a man named Donald O'Brien in order to take his limousine ("The Limo"), only to later discover this man was the leader of a white supremacist neo-nazi group and was on his way to make his first public appearance, at Madison Square Garden.
*In "The Watch," a doorman mistakenly tells Mr. Dalrymple that a "George Bonanza" has arrived to see him.
*In "The Chinese Restaurant," the host calls for a "Cartwright" to answer a call from George's girlfriend.
*George's attempt to streak at Yankee Stadium while wearing a body suit earned him the name Body Suit Man. ("The Millennium")
*In "The Library," George is reunited with his former old high school teacher who always called him "Can't-stand-ya".
*In "The Wink", Kramer refers to George as Mr. Weatherbee, comparing him to the classic character from the Archie Comics series with the same name.


The Seinfeld cast was placed sixth on Bravo's 100 Greatest TV Characters. [cite web|url=|title=The 100 Greatest TV Characters|publisher=Bravo|accessdate=2008-05-13]

Pop culture

* George's famed alias, "Art Vandelay", is the name of a burrito on the menu at Moe's Southwest Grill, a chain of fast casual restaurants (Moe's spells it "Art Vandalay"). [ [ Moe's Southwest Grill, Burritos] ]
* In a guest appearance on "Curb Your Enthusiasm", Jason Alexander guest stars as himself not able to get past the character of George Costanza, describing him as the idiot. The show bases this joke upon the basis of George on Larry David's own life.
* Bungie Studios used "Art Vandelay" as a codename for the map "Foundry" which was found in the "Heroic Map Pack" for Halo 3. The pack was released on December 11, 2007. Also, when a certain grunt is encountered, he will say "the jerk store called, they're running out of you!".
* Infinity Ward used "Vandalay" as the brand name for Captain Price's metal-cutting saw near the end of the "All In" mission of Call of Duty 4.


Rapper Lupe Fiasco refers to George Costanza on his song Outty 5000.

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