Brazilian football match-fixing scandal

Brazilian football match-fixing scandal

Máfia do Apito (literally The Whistle Mafia), sometimes referred to as the Escândalo do Apito (The Whistle Scandal), was the name given by the Brazilian press to the football match-fixing scandal reported by Veja magazine on September 23, 2005.



Some investors, who were not related to any club, bribed referees Edílson Pereira de Carvalho (a member of the FIFA referee staff) and Paulo José Danelon to fix results according to what was determined by the betting websites Aebet and Futbet. The investors made a deal with Edílson Pereira de Carvalho to fix the results of the matches refereed by him, and then, the investors made millionaire bets in the betting websites.[1] Edílson Pereira de Carvalho said that he agreed to receive R$10,000 (US$4,400) to fix the result of the Brazilian National Championship match between Juventude and Figueirense, and that he was paid between R$10,000 and R$15,000 per fixed match. Edílson Pereira de Carvalho said he accepted the money to fix the results only because he had a R$30,000 debt.

The eleven Brazilian National Championship matches refereed by Edílson Pereira de Carvalho were made null and void by the Supreme Court of Sporting Justice (STJD), presided by Luiz Zveiter, even though Edílson Pereira de Carvalho assured he did not fix all eleven matches. The Supreme Court decided that all eleven matches needed to be replayed. This decision was not popular among the board of directors and supporters of the harmed clubs. Five clubs, which are Ponte Preta, Santos, Internacional, Figueirense and Cruzeiro appealed the decision,[2] but the decision was kept.[3]

On November 28, Brazilian lawyer Luís Carlos Crema sought a court injunction requesting the cancellation of the decision that annulled the eleven Brazilian National Championship matches, Minister Nancy Andrighi of the Second Section of the Supreme Court of Justice rejected the demand.[4]

However, another lawyer, Leandro Konrad Konflanz sought a lawsuit requesting the annulment of the replayed matches. If those matches are annulled, Internacional would win the competition, instead of Corinthians.[5] The decision was that no club should be announced as champion during the dawn of Sunday December 5. CBF, ignoring the decision, on December 6, declared Corinthians as the 2005 Campeonato Brasileiro champion [6]. Judge Munira Hanna, of the First Civil Court of Porto Alegre dispatched a temporary restraining order obligating the CBF to obey that decision[7]. However, FIFA and CBF rules forbid clubs to petition regular courts of justice (courts that are not dedicated to sporting arbitration) when the claim is directly related to a match, as was the case; thus, on December 7, Internacional's chairman, Fernando Carvalho, made a request to lawyer Konflanz to withdraw the lawsuit, which he did on December 9.[8][9]

Four Brazilian Second Division first stage matches were refereed by Paulo José Danelon. These matches were not annulled.

Paulo José Danelon and Edílson Pereira de Carvalho, together, refereed 22 Paulista Championship matches. None of these matches has been annulled, including two of them which were initially considered suspected of being fixed. Both suspected matches were refereed by Paulo José Danelon. The São Paulo Football Sporting Justice Court's Inquiry Court, after analyzing all the 22 matches, concluded that no matches were fixed, with the exception of the two suspected matches. Even after coming to the conclusion that these two matches were fixed, the São Paulo Football Sporting Justice Court decided that the results should be kept.

Edílson Pereira de Carvalho was banned for life by the STJD's First Disciplinary Commission. Paulo José Danelon was removed from the referee staff of Paulista Football Federation. On October 31, 2005, the São Paulo Footbal Sporting Justice Court's First Disciplinary Commission banned for life both Edilson Pereira de Carvalho and Paulo José Danelon. So, they are prohibited from refereeing Paulista football competitions matches. Both Edílson Pereira de Carvalho and Paulo José Danelon face charges of fraud, conspiracy and crimes against the economy. The entrepreneur Nagib Fayad (nicknamed Gibão), suspected of commanding the gambling ring in Piracicaba was arrested on September 25.

Brazilian National Championship Matches annulled by STJD

Date Annulled Match Score Date of the
Score of the
May 8 Vasco - Botafogo 0-1 October 19 1-0
July 2 Ponte Preta - São Paulo 1-0 October 19 2-0
July 16 Paysandu - Cruzeiro 1-2 October 19 4-1
July 24 Juventude - Figueirense 1-4 October 19 2-2
July 31 Santos - Corinthians 4-2 October 13 2-3
August 7 Vasco - Figueirense 2-1 October 12 3-3
August 10 Cruzeiro - Botafogo 4-1 October 12 2-2
August 14 Juventude - Fluminense 2-0 October 12 3-4
August 21 Internacional - Coritiba 3-2 October 28 3-2
September 7 São Paulo - Corinthians 3-2 October 24 1-1
September 10 Fluminense - Brasiliense 3-0 October 24 1-1

Brazilian Second Division matches refereed by Danelon

Date Match Score
May 8 Paulista - Guarani 4-0
June 10 Portuguesa - Ituano 0-4
July 9 Guarani - Santo André 2-1
August 13 Ituano - Marília 2-1

Suspected Paulista Championship matches

Date Match Score
March 13 Guarani - Atlético Sorocaba 1-1
April 3 Portuguesa Santista - União São João 0-1

See also

  • 2005 Bundesliga scandal in Germany
  • 2006 Serie A scandal in Italy
  • 2011 Turkish sports corruption scandal


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Match fixing — In organised sports, match fixing, game fixing, race fixing, or sports fixing occurs as a match is played to a completely or partially pre determined result, violating the rules of the game and often the law. Where the sporting competition in… …   Wikipedia

  • football — /foot bawl /, n. 1. a game in which two opposing teams of 11 players each defend goals at opposite ends of a field having goal posts at each end, with points being scored chiefly by carrying the ball across the opponent s goal line and by place… …   Universalium

  • Association football culture — Football culture refers to the cultural aspects surrounding the game of association football. In many countries, football has ingrained itself into the national culture, and parts of life may revolve around it. Many countries have daily football… …   Wikipedia

  • 2006 Italian football scandal — The 2006 Italian football scandal (Italian: Calciopoli or Moggiopoli , sometimes referred to as Calciocaos[1]) involved Italy s top professional football leagues, Serie A and Serie B. The scandal was uncovered in May 2006 by Italian police,… …   Wikipedia

  • Bundesliga scandal (2005) — In early 2005, German football was overshadowed by the discovery of a 2 million Euro match fixing scandal centered on second division referee Robert Hoyzer, who confessed to fixing and betting on matches in the 2nd Bundesliga, the DFB Pokal… …   Wikipedia

  • Black Sox Scandal — Black Sox redirects here. For other uses, see Black Sox (disambiguation). The eight Chicago Black Sox …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of association football — This page indexes the individual year in association football pages. Each year is annotated with one or more significant events as a reference point. NOTOC Pre 1870s 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s… …   Wikipedia

  • 2006 in association football — yearbox in?=in football (soccer) cp=20th Century c=21st century cf=22nd century yp1=2003 yp2=2004 yp3=2005 year=2006 ya1=2007 ya2=2008 ya3=2009 dp3=1970s dp2=1980s dp1=1990s d=2000s dn1=2010s dn2=2020s dn3=2030sThe following are the football… …   Wikipedia

  • Major football rivalries — This article deals with major football rivalries around the world. This includes local derbies as well as matches between teams further apart. Major footballing rivalries manifest themselves in many ways. Fierce conflicts between supporter groups …   Wikipedia

  • List of sporting scandals — This is a list of major sports scandals:*Black Sox Scandal (1919) *Ty Cobb and Tris Speaker s game fixing (1926) *Pete Rose gambling on baseball Dowd Report (1989) *Mickey Mantle and Willie Mays banned from baseball for being doormen in an… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”