Lionhead (goldfish)

Lionhead (goldfish)

The lionhead is a hooded variety of fancy goldfish. This fish is the to the ranchu. [,%20Ranchus.pdf "GFSA - Ask the Judges", an article about the Lionchu by Larry Christensen, Peter Ponzio and Scott Taylor, from the Goldfish Pages Website (Goldfish Society of America), date retrieved: 27 May 2007] ]


The tremendous hood or headgrowth and fat cheeks of lionheads give them a facial appearance similar to canine puppies."Fancy Goldfish: A Complete Guide to Care and Collecting" by Dr. Erik L. Johnson, D.V.M. and Richard E. Hess, Weatherhill, Shambala Publications, Inc., 2006. - ISBN 0-8348-0448-4] The "wen" (Chinese term for headgrowth) fully covers the head, cheeks and gill plates of the fish. [ "What is a Lionchu?" by Peter Ponzio, an article from the Goldfish Pages Website (Goldfish Society of America), date retrieved: 26 May 2007] ] Furthermore, lionheads have short but deep bodies, and relatively straight or evenly arched backs without dorsal fins. The finnage, in general, is short. Breeding standards require that the lionhead’s anal fins are paired, the double tail fin should not droop, and its upper edges should be held away from the body."An Interpet Guide to Fancy Goldfish" by Dr. Chris Andrews, Interpet Publishing, 2002. - ISBN 1-902389-64-6] The tail of a traditional lionhead can be fully separated, partially separated, or webbed. The tail should also meet the caudal peduncle (the area where the body joins the tail) in a fashion that is almost perpendicular to the body. The caudal peduncle is ideally broad, allowing the tail to open when the fish swims. The back of the proper lionhead is quite broad to support the placement of the raspberry-like hood. Hood development may vary but is more pronounced in males. The hood normally takes a year to develop in young fry. Mature male lionheads periodically shed patches of their headgrowths.

Lionheads can grow up to 6 inches (15 cm) in length (including finnage) and may have metallic, nacreous or matte scales. They come in a variety of coloration.


Lionheads were bred in China to depict the image of the mythical Chinese lion-dog (the shishi, in Japanese legend). They were introduced to Japan from China during the 17th and 18th centuries. The Japanese produced lionheads with more rounded back profiles, modified tails and diminished size of the headgrowth.

pecial care

Lionheads are sometimes sensitive to low water temperatures.


ee also

* [ of a lionhead]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lionhead — may refer to * Lionhead Studios, a computer game development company * a variety of goldfish: see Lionhead (goldfish) * a breed of domestic rabbits: see List of rabbit breeds * the head of a lion …   Wikipedia

  • Goldfish — This article is about the ornamental fish. For other uses, see Goldfish (disambiguation). Goldfish …   Wikipedia

  • goldfish — /gohld fish /, n., pl. (esp. collectively) goldfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) goldfishes. 1. a small, usually yellow or orange fish, Carassius auratus, of the carp family, native to China, bred in many varieties and often… …   Universalium

  • Common goldfish — Country of origin China Type Single tailed Breed standards …   Wikipedia

  • Comet (goldfish) — Comet goldfish Country of origin USA Type Single tailed Breed standards …   Wikipedia

  • Meteor goldfish — Country of origin See text Type No tail Breed standards BAS The Meteor goldfish is a strange looking variety that has been developed by specialist breeders of fancy goldfish …   Wikipedia

  • Pompom (goldfish) — Pompoms or pompon or hana fusa [ [ Fishes in Nature and in the Aquarium from Nutrafin News Aquatic magazine, Rolf C. Hagen (U.S.A.) Inc. and Rolf C. Hagen Corp. (Montreal, Canada), Issue #4, 2004] ] are a… …   Wikipedia

  • Curled-gill goldfish — The Curled gill or Reversed gill goldfish is another uncommon variety of fancy goldfish that has been developed by specialist enthusiasts. It owes its name from the out turned appearance of its gill covers.[1][2] Ba …   Wikipedia

  • Fish food — or to artificially enhance the color of ornamental fish. Prepared foodsPrepared foods are those foods that are non living and are made by the aquarist or bought already prepared for consumption for fish.cite book|title=Exotic Tropical Fishes|last …   Wikipedia

  • Lionchu — The Lionchu or lionhead ranchu [ My Fancy Goldfish Competition 2006, Lionchu Classes A (10 cm to 15 cm) and B (more than 15 cm), Vermillion Goldfish Society (Singapore)] ] is a fancy… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”