The Lionchu or lionhead-ranchu [http://geocities.com/greenngoldsg/diary/mfg2006/lionchu.html My Fancy Goldfish Competition 2006, Lionchu Classes A (10 cm to 15 cm) and B (more than 15 cm), Vermillion Goldfish Society (Singapore)] ] is a fancy
goldfishthat has resulted from crossbreeding lionheads and ranchus. [http://www.goldfishpages.com/Articles/What%20is%20a%20Lionchu.pdf "What is a Lionchu?" by Peter Ponzio, an article from the Goldfish Pages Website (Goldfish Society of America), date retrieved: 26 May 2007] ] [http://www.goldfishpages.com/Articles/GFSA%20Ask%20the%20Judges,%20Ranchus.pdf "GFSA - Ask the Judges", an article about the Lionchu by Larry Christensen, Peter Ponzio, Scott Taylor, Tony Reynolds and John Parker, from the Goldfish Pages Website (Goldfish Society of America), date retrieved: 27 May 2007] ]
Western criteria for lionchus combine the traditional characteristic side-view profiles of the ranchu and the lionhead. [ [http://www.fish-tank-guide.com/goldfish/goldfishvarieties.html “The Diversity of Goldfish Varieties” an article from the Fish Tank Guide Website, a Lionchu description, date retrieved: 22 May 2007] ] The ranchu's deep body, broad and curved back, and tail placement has been merged with the large headgrowth of the lionhead. Lionchus do not have dorsal fins.
Origins and evolution
Although at first, the lionchus were considered merely as
mongrels, being hybrids of the lionheads and ranchus, the lionhead actually have an ancestor from Japanin the 1800s; it is then known asthe shishigashira ranchu or lion-headed ranchu. The shishigashira ranchu is a ranchu-like goldfish with small amounts of headgrowth and some having small knobs and bumps on the back (a suggestion that the absence of the dorsal fin had not yet been stabilized at the time). ["Fancy Goldfish: A Complete Guide to Care and Collecting" by Dr. Erik L. Johnson, D.V.M. and Richard E. Hess, Weatherhill, Shambala Publications, Inc., 2006. - ISBN 0-8348-0448-4] But the modern-day lionchu is considered to have originated from Thailand, and was popularized by a group of goldfish hobbyists in Singaporethrough [http://www.rafflesgold.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=3790 RafflesGold.com] , an internet-based goldfish forum site. The lionchu was officially recognized as a unique class of fancy goldfish during the [http://www.rafflesgold.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=3634 "My Fancy Goldfish Competition 2006"] , which was held in Singapore from May 26-28, 2006.
* [http://www.rafflesgold.com/forums/lofiversion/index.php/t1126.html Lionchu Photographs from the Raffles Gold Forum Website]
* [http://geocities.com/greenngoldsg/index.html The Vermillion Goldfish Club (Singapore)]
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