- Oh, Lady! Lady!!
Oh, Lady! Lady!! is a musical with music by Jerome Kern, a book by Guy Bolton and P. G. Wodehouse and lyrics by Wodehouse. It was written for the Princess Theatre on Broadway, where it played in 1918 and ran for 219 performances. The story concerns an engaged young man, Bill, whose ex-fiancée arrives unexpectedly on his wedding day. Meanwhile, comic complications arise because of a couple of crooks, the bride's mother dislikes the groom, and the nuptials are called off. Bill works to convince his old flame that he was not worthy to marry her; but his clumsy efforts do not make him look good to his new fiancée.
The original cast starred Vivienne Segal as Mollie Farringdon. The songs include "Not Yet", "When Ships Come Home", "Greenwich Village", the innovative "Moon Song" and "Our Little Nest". The song "Bill", later famous in Show Boat, was cut before the production opened.
The Princess Theatre was a small Broadway house that seated only 299 people. Theatre agent Elisabeth Marbury urged composer Jerome Kern and librettist Guy Bolton, later joined by British humorist and lyricist/playwright P. G. Wodehouse to write a series of musicals tailored to the theatre, with an intimate style and modest budgets. These "Princess Theatre shows" had coherent, clever plots that provided an alternative to the other musical entertainments that then dominated Broadway: star-studded revues and extravaganzas of Florenz Ziegfeld, thinly-plotted, musical comedies and gaudy operetta imports from Europe.
After a modest success, Nobody's Home (1915), Kern and Bolton had a hit with an original musical called Very Good Eddie (1915). Wodehouse joined the team for another hit, Oh, Boy! (1917), which ran for an extraordinary 463 performances. Two more of their shows written for the theatre ran at other theatres during the long runs of Very Good Eddie and Oh, Boy! The shows featured modern American settings and simple scene changes (one set for each act) to suit the small theatre, eschewing operetta traditions of foreign locales and elaborate scenery. The collaboration was much praised. According to Gerald Bordman, writing in The Musical Times,These shows built and polished the mold from which almost all later major musical comedies evolved. As they all dealt with the smart set they were stylishly mounted .... The characters and situations were, within the limitations of musical comedy license, believable and the humor came from the situations or the nature of the characters. Kern's exquisitely flowing melodies were employed to further the action or develop characterization. ... P. G. Wodehouse, the most observant, literate, and witty lyricist of his day, and the team of Bolton, Wodehouse, and Kern had an influence which can be felt to this day.
Oh, Lady! Lady!! debuted in Albany, New York on January 7, 1918 at Bleecker Hall. After some revisions and touring, the musical opened at the Princess Theatre on February 1, 1918, to uniformly rave reviews and ran for 219 performances, finishing its run at the Casino Theatre. The production was produced by William Elliott and F. Ray Comstock and directed by Robert Milton and Edward Royce, who also choreographed. It starred Vivienne Segal as Mollie Farringdon, one of her earliest roles, and Carl Randall as Bill Finch. Florence Shirley played Fanny Welch, a jewel thief. Early drafts of the show were called Say When, but the title of the show was eventually taken from a minstrel show catch-phrase.
The New York Times previewed the show, calling the plot "measurably novel" with bright lines and lyrics, said the music demonstrated "easy gaity" and praised the show's casting and "artistic excellence". The paper called Segal "wonderfully pleasing" and praised both her and Randall's dancing. Its review began: "Once more Comstock, Elliott, and Gest have shown their allegiance to the policy of supplying popular entertainment which is mitigated by all availabie talent and good taste". In February 1918, Dorothy Parker wrote in Vanity Fair:Well, Bolton and Wodehouse and Kern have done it again. Every time these three gather together, the Princess Theatre is sold out for months in advance. You can get a seat for Oh, Lady! Lady!! somewhere around the middle of August for just about the price of one on the stock exchange. If you ask me, I will look you fearlessly in the eye and tell you in low, throbbing tones that it has it over any other musical comedy in town. But then Bolton and Wodehouse and Kern are my favorite indoor sport. I like the way they go about a musical comedy. ... I like the way the action slides casually into the songs. ... I like the deft rhyming of the song that is always sung in the last act by two comedians and a comedienne. And oh, how I do like Jerome Kern's music. And all these things are even more so in Oh, Lady! Lady!! than they were in Oh, Boy! 
One of Segal's songs, Bill, was cut just two days before the show opened. In the song, Mollie reflects on her love for a young man that her mother dislikes. Kern used the song nine years later, with the lyric revised by Oscar Hammerstein II, in Show Boat (1927).
Financial disagreements arose between Wodehouse and Kern, and Oh, Lady! Lady!! proved to be the last success in the series, and the collaborators went on to other projects, with each of Kern and Wodehouse continuing to work separately with Bolton. The trio combined for one more show together in 1924, Sitting Pretty, at the Fulton Theatre. A silent film adaptation called Oh, Lady, Lady was made in 1920.
Roles and original cast
- Parker – Constance Binney
- Mollie Farrington – Vivienne Segal
- Mrs. Farrington – Margaret Dale
- Willoughby "Bill" Finch – Carl Randall
- Hale Underwood – Harry C. Browne
- Spike Hudgins – Edward Abeles
- Fanny Welch – Florence Shirley
- May Barber – Carroll McComas
- Cyril Twombley – Reginald Mason
- William Watty – Harry Fisher
- Act 1
- I'm to Be Married Today – Mollie Farrington and Girls
- Not Yet – Mollie and Bill Finch
- Do It Now – Spike Hudgins, Hale Underwood and Bill
- Our Little Nest – Spike and Fanny Welch
- Do Look at Him! – Mollie and Girls
- Oh, Lady! Lady! – Bill and Girls
- You Found Me and I Found You – May Barber and Hale
- Act 2
- Moon (The Moon Song) – Miss Clarette Cupp and Ensemble
- Waiting Around the Corner – May and Boys
- Little Ships Come Sailing Home – Mollie and Girls
- Before I Met You – Bill and Mollie
- Greenwich Village – Bill, Spike and Fanny
- Wheatless Days – Hale and May
- It's a Hard, Hard World for a Man – Bill, Hale and Cyril Twombley
- ^ a b Bloom and Vlastnik, pp. 230–31
- ^ a b c Bordman, Gerald. "Jerome David Kern: Innovator/Traditionalist", The Musical Quarterly, 1985, Vol. 71, No. 4, pp. 468-73
- ^ Kenrick, John. "History of The Musical Stage 1910-1919: Part I", Musicals 101.com: The Cyber Encyclopedia of Musical Theatre, TV and Film, accessed May 27, 2008
- ^ Slonimsky, Nicholas and Laura Kuhn (ed). Kern, Jerome (David)". Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, Volume 3 (Schirmer Reference, New York, 2001), accessed May 10, 2010 (requires subscription)
- ^ Green, Stanley and Kay. Broadway musicals, show by show, Hal Leonard Corporation, 1996, p. 26 ISBN 0-7935-7750-0
- ^ "Oh, Lady! Lady!! Is After Oh, Boy! ... A Good Story, Clever Lines, Tasteful Music, and Girls Long on Grace and Refinement". The New York Times, February 1, 1918, p. 7
- ^ quoted in Green, p. 110
- ^ Kenrick, John. History of The Musical Stage 1910-1919: Part I, accessed 11 May 2010
- ^ Oh, Lady, Lady at the IMDB database, accessed May 13, 2010
- Bloom, Ken and Vlastnik, Frank. Broadway Musicals: The 101 Greatest Shows of all Time. Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, New York, 2004. ISBN 1-57912-390-2
- Green, Benny. P. G. Wodehouse – A Literary Biography, Pavilion Books, London, 1981. ISBN 0-907516-04-1
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