Minuscule 629

Minuscule 629
New Testament manuscripts
papyriuncialsminusculeslectionaries
Minuscule 629
Comma Johanneum; Horne's facsimile edition

Comma Johanneum; Horne's facsimile edition
Name Codex Ottobonianus graecus 298
Text New Testament (except Gospels and Revelation) †
Date 14th century
Script Latin–Greek
Now at Vatican Library
Size 17.1 cm by 12.1 cm
Type Vulgate text / Byzantine text-type, other
Category III

Minuscule 629 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 460 (von Soden),[1] is a Latin–Greek diglot minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. It is known as Codex Ottobonianus. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 14th century. The manuscript is lacunose.[2] It is known for the Comma Johanneum.

Formerly it was labeled by 162a and 200p. Currently it is designated by the number 629.

Contents

Description

The codex contains the text of the Acts of the Apostles, General epistles, and Pauline epistles, on 265 parchment leaves (size 17.1 cm by 12.1 cm), with lacunae at the beginning and end (Acts 1:1-2:27; Revelation 18:22-22:21). The text is written in two columns per page, 27 lines per page.[2] The Latin text is alongside the Greek, the Greek column on the right.[3]

It contains Prolegomena at the beginning and subscriptions at the end of each sacred book.[3][4] The words are moved very often or put in Latin order, even division of the lines and syllables follow the Latin order.[4]

The order of books is Acts of the Apostles, General epistles, and Pauline epistles. Epistle to the Hebrews is placed after Epistle to Philemon.[4]

Text

The beginning of 1. Corinthians

The Greek text of the codex has been revised according to the Vulgate.[4][5] The Greek text is made to conform to the Vulgate Latin text, but the assimilation is far from complete. It has some Western elements in the Pauline epistles.[6]

Kurt and Barbara Aland placed the Greek text of the codex in Category III.[7] In the General epistles it has the number of singular readings.[8] It has some unusual readings added by a later hand.[3]

In Romans 8:1 it reads Ιησου κατα σαρκα περιπατουσιν, for Ιησου (as א, B, D, G, 1739, 1881, itd, g, copsa, bo, eth). The reading of the manuscript is supported by A, Db, Ψ, 81, 2127, vg. The Byzantine manuscripts read Ιησου μη κατα σαρκα περιπατουσιν αλλα κατα πνευμα.[9]

In 1 Corinthians 7:5 it reads τη προσευχη (prayer) along with \mathfrak{P}11, \mathfrak{P}46, א*, A, B, C, D, F, G, P, Ψ, 6, 33, 81, 104, 181, 630, 1739, 1877, 1881, 1962, it, vg, cop, arm, eth. Other manuscripts read τη νηστεια και τη προσευχη (fasting and prayer) or τη προσευχη και νηστεια (prayer and fasting).[10][11]

In 1 Corinthians 7:14 it reads ανδρι τω πιστω for αδελφω. The reading is supported only by Old Latin manuscripts (ar, c, dem, t, x, z) and Peshitta.[12]

It has singular reading in 2 Corinthians 2:10 – τηλικουτου κινδυνου; other manuscripts read τηλικουτου θανατου or τηλικουτων θανατων.[13]

In 1 Timothy 3:16 it has textual variant θεός ἐφανερώθη (God manifested) (Sinaiticuse, A2, C2, Dc, K, L, P, Ψ, 81, 104, 181, 326, 330, 436, 451, 614, 630, 1241, 1739, 1877, 1881, 1962, 1984, 1985, 2492, 2495, Byz, Lect), against ὃς ἐφανερώθη (he was manifested) supported by Sinaiticus, Codex Alexandrinus, Ephraemi, Boernerianus, 33, 365, 442, 2127, P, 81, 104, 436, 630, and 1985.[16]

It contains a spurious passage the Comma Johanneum written by prima manu.[5]

Comma Johanneum
Quia tres sunt
qui testimonium dant in
celo, pater, verbum, et spiritus sanctus,
et hi tres unum sunt. Et
tres sunt qui testimonium
dant in terra, spiritus, aqua et
sanguis. Si testimonium
Ὃτι τρεῖς εἰσιν
οἱ μαρτυροῦντες ἀπὸ τοῦ
οὐρανοῦ, Πατὴρ, Λόγος καὶ Πνεῦμα ἅγιον
καὶ οἱ τρεῖς εἰς τὸ ἕν εἰσι καὶ
τρεῖς εἰσὶν οἱ μαρτυροῦντες
ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς τὸ Πνεῦμα τὸ ὕδωρ
καὶ τὸ αἷμα, εἰ τὴν μαρτυρίαν.[17]

History

Scrivener dated the manuscript to the 15th century,[3] Gregory and Aland to the 14th century.[2][4] However, the Institute for New Testament Textual Research dates it to the 14th century.[18]

The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Johann Martin Augustin Scholz, who examined a major part of the manuscript.[19] It was examined by Henry Alford. A facsimile of the passage 1 John 5:7-8 (Comma Johanneum) was traced in 1829 by Cardinal Wiseman for Bishop Burgess, and published by Horne in several editions of his Introduction, as also by Tregelles.[3] It was examined and described by Giuseppe Cozza-Luzi.[20] C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1886.[4]

Formerly it was labeled by 162a[21] and 200p.[22] In 1908 Gregory gave the number 629 to it.[1]

The manuscript was cited in the 26th and 27th edition of the Novum Testamentum Graece of Nestle-Aland.[23]

The manuscript currently is housed at the Vatican Library (Ottobonianus graecus 298), in Rome.[2][18]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 70. http://www.archive.org/stream/diegriechischen00greggoog#page/n81/mode/2up. 
  2. ^ a b c d K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 84.
  3. ^ a b c d e Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 295. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. pp. 277–278. http://www.archive.org/stream/textkritikdesne00greggoog#page/n289/mode/2up. 
  5. ^ a b Bruce M. Metzger, Bart D. Ehrman, "The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration", Oxford University Press (New York – Oxford, 2005), p. 147.
  6. ^ Encyclopedia of Textual Criticism
  7. ^ Aland, Kurt; Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  8. ^ Minuscule 629 (GA) at the Encyclopedia Textual Criticism
  9. ^ UBS3, p. 548.
  10. ^ NA26, p. 450.
  11. ^ UBS3, p. 591.
  12. ^ UBS3, p. 592.
  13. ^ UBS3, p. 622.
  14. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament (Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft: Stuttgart 2001), pp. 573-573.
  15. ^ 1 Timothy 3:16 in Codex Alexandrinus at the Bible Research
  16. ^ UBS3, pp. 761-762.
  17. ^ Horne, An Introduction to the Textual Criticism of the New Testament (1856), p. 357.
  18. ^ a b Handschriftenliste at the Münster Institute
  19. ^ J. M. A. Scholz, Biblisch-kritische Reise in Frankreich, der Schweiz, Italien, Palästine und im Archipel in den Jahren 1818, 1819, 1820, 1821: Nebst einer Geschichte des Textes des Neuen Testaments (Leipzig, 1823), p. 105
  20. ^ Cozza-Luzi, Giuseppe (1893). Codices manuscripti graeci ottoboniani Bibliothecae Vaticanae descripti praeside Alphonso cardinali Capecelatro archiepiscopo Capuano. London: Ex Typographeo Vaticano. p. 161. http://www.archive.org/stream/codicesmanuscri00cozzgoog#page/n229/mode/2up. 
  21. ^ Tischendorf, Novum Testamentum Graece. Editio Septima, Lipsiae 1859, p. CCXX.
  22. ^ Tischendorf, Novum Testamentum Graece. Editio Septima, Lipsiae 1859, p. CCXXIII.
  23. ^ Nestle-Aland, Novum Testamentum Graece, 26th edition, p. 623. [NA26]

Further reading

External links


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