Marriage squeeze

Marriage squeeze

Marriage squeeze refers to the fact that the most "eligible" and "desirable" African American men are marrying non-African American women at a higher rate, leaving African American women who wish to marry African American men with fewer partnering options.[1] According to Newsweek, 43% of African American women between the ages of 30 and 34 have never been married.[2] Several explanations of this phenomenon have been advanced by sociologists. It may be in part due to the still lingering effects of social ostracism, to which Caucasian American men who married African American women were heavily subjected in the past. It may also be the result of a desire among African American women to marry African American men due to concepts such as racial loyalty.[citation needed] There also appears a lingering perception that negative social stereotypes cause black women to be viewed as sexual objects by non-African American men.[citation needed] Lastly, there is a desire among educated women of all races to marry partners within or above their social and economic class; when African American women restrict their marriage prospects to African American men, African American women risk either marrying below their socioeconomic class or not marrying at all as African American women consistently achieve better completion rates in higher education than African American men do.[3]. Also, rates of incarceration for marriage-age African American males are far higher than rates for females, further contributing to the male/female gap. As of 2002, 10.4% of all African American males between the ages of 25 and 29 were sentenced and in prison.[4] The African-American male-female disparity is highest between the ages of 25 – 29, when for every two African-American men, there are nearly three African-American women. [5]

According to AsianWeek, possible explanations for the relatively low number of African American/Asian American interracial couplings could be covert racism from first generation family members at the idea of marrying African Americans. These negative views on African Americans possibly stem from stereotypes within the Asian community which portray African Americans as "violent" and "lazy", or from the perception that marrying a black partner constitutes "marrying down" because black Americans are on average less affluent than Caucasian Americans.[6]


  1. ^ Crowder, Kyle D.; Tolnay, Stewart E. (August 2000). "A New Marriage Squeeze for Black Women: The Role of Racial Intermarriage by Black Men". Journal of Marriage and the Family (Minneapolis, MN: National Council on Family Relations) 62 (3): 792–80. doi:10.1111/j.1741-3737.2000.00792.x. ISSN 00222445. OCLC 49976459. Retrieved 2008-07-19. 
  2. ^ "The Black Gender Gap". Gene Expression. 2003-02-23. Retrieved 2008-07-15. 
  3. ^ Melendez, Michele M. (2004-04-25). "Fewer Women are 'Marrying up'". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 2008-07-15. 
  4. ^ Harrison, Paige M.; Beck, Allen J. (July 2003). "Prisoners in 2002" (PDF). Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin. U. S. Department of Justice: Office of Justice Programs. Retrieved 2008-07-15. 
  5. ^ O'Connor, Vikki (February 2006). "Barriers to Marriage and Parenthood for African-American Men & Women" (PDF). Syracuse University. Retrieved 2008-07-15. 
  6. ^ Lavilla, Stacy (April 1998). "The Minority Interracial Couples". AsianWeek. Retrieved 2008-09-25. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Interracial marriage — [ thumb|right|250px|Othello and Desdemona from William Shakespeare s Othello , a play concerning a biracial couple.] Interracial marriage occurs when two people of differing racial groups marry, often creating multiracial children. This is a form …   Wikipedia

  • Middle class squeeze — The middle class squeeze is the situation where increases in wages fail to keep up with inflation for middle income earners, while at the same time, the phenomenon fails to have a similar impact on the top wage earners. Persons belonging to the… …   Wikipedia

  • P. N. Mari Bhat — (1951–2007), distinguished Indian demographer, was a student of Samuel H. Preston at the University of Pennsylvania from where he received his Ph.D. in 1987. At the time of his death he was the director of the International Institute of… …   Wikipedia

  • population — populational, adj. populationless, adj. /pop yeuh lay sheuhn/, n. 1. the total number of persons inhabiting a country, city, or any district or area. 2. the body of inhabitants of a place: The population of the city opposes the addition of… …   Universalium

  • Child sex ratio — In India, the child sex ratio is the number of females per thousand males in a human population in the age group 0–6 years.[1]. It is equal to the multiplicative inverse of the sex ratio (ratio of males to females in a population) under age seven …   Wikipedia

  • Sexual revolution in 1960s America — The 1960s in the United States are often perceived today as a period of profound societal change, one in which a great many politically minded individuals, who on the whole were young and educated, sought to influence the status quo. Attitudes to …   Wikipedia

  • List of Dickensian characters — This is a list of characters in the works of Charles Dickens. Contents: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | …   Wikipedia

  • United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. 58,610,182; 94,242 sq. mi. (244,100 sq. km). Cap.: London. Abbr.: U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… …   Universalium

  • Culture of the United States — Enthusiastic crowds at the inaugural running of the United States Grand Prix at Indianapolis The Culture of the United States is a Western culture, having been originally influenced by European cultures. It has been developing since long before… …   Wikipedia

  • Minor characters on Frasier — Besides the main characters Frasier Crane, his father Martin and brother Niles, Daphne Moon, Roz Doyle and a few others, there are several minor characters who regularly appear on the American television sitcom Frasier, or who have important but… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”