Dutch Houses, Chester

Dutch Houses, Chester

Coordinates: 53°11′23″N 2°53′30″W / 53.1897°N 2.8916°W / 53.1897; -2.8916

Dutch Houses, Chester
The Dutch Houses comprise the three bays on the left
Location: 20, 22 and 24 Bridge Street Row, Chester, Cheshire, England
OS grid reference: SJ 405 662
Built: c. 1670
Rebuilt: 1973–75
Restored by: Chester City Council
Listed Building – Grade II
Designated: 28 July 1955
Reference #: 1376071
Dutch Houses, Chester is located in Cheshire
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Location in Cheshire

The Dutch Houses are located at 20, 22 and 24 Bridge Street Row, Chester, Cheshire, England. They have been designated by English Heritage as a Grade II listed building.[1]

History

The building was erected in about 1670, possibly above earlier undercrofts. The name reflects the trade undertaken with the Low Countries around that time. At the time it was built, it was the tallest and most impressive building in Bridge Street, and remained so for over 200 years. By the 1970s the building was in a state of decay, and it was restored and rebuilt in 1973–75 by Chester City Council. The rebuilding involved removing the whole of the façade and rebuilding it, and replacing the internal timberwork with steel. In the process many of the internal features were lost.[2]

Architecture

The Dutch Houses are constructed on sandstone piers, probably originating from the medieval period, with timber framing from the late 17th  century, and rendered brickwork from the late 17th or the 18th century. It consists of three bays in four storeys plus an attic. The bottom storey incorporates the undercrofts, and a portion of the Chester Rows passes through the first floor. The lowest storey. at street level, includes modern shop fronts. At the level of the Row are painted wood barley sugar balusters with rails. Behind these are stallboards, the paved walkway of the Row, and more modern shop fronts. The third and fourth storeys are jettied, both containing barley sugar pilasters and casement windows of varying sizes. The attic storey is set back, each bay containing a three-light mullioned and transomed window.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b Number 20, 22 and 24 Row the Dutch Houses number 22, 26 and 28 Street, Bridge Street, Chester (1376071). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 1 November 2011.
  2. ^ Langtree, Stephen; Comyns, Alan, eds. (2001), 2000 Years of Building: Chester's Architectural Legacy, Chester: Chester Civic Trust, p. 106, ISBN 0-9540152-0-7 

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