Document.no is a Norwegian website, which describes itself as a "blog on politics, public debate, media criticism and culture." The website holds positions that are critical towards Islam and immigration, and supportive of Israel. The National Library of Norway classifies document.no under "current periodicals," and as focusing on culture, politics and political science. The website was founded on 14 January 2003, and is owned and published by the limited company with the same name. The website's founder and editor is Hans Rustad. Before July 2011, the website reached an audience of up to 40,000 unique visitors every week.
Aftenposten described it in 2009 as "an Islam-critical and Israel-friendly, so-called blue-blog". The Norwegian conservative Muslim commentator Mohammad Usman Rana has called document.no "a right-wing populist and Muslimphobic interest group". Helge Øgrim, editor of Journalisten, the journal of the Norwegian Union of Journalists, in July 2011 described document.no as an "anti-immigrant forum which has evolved into a hotbed of galloping Islamophobia." The same month, the Financial Times described document.no as "a website rife with anti-Muslim and hard right rhetoric," and Lars Gule described it in the The Vancouver Sun as "a far-right web forum" that is "dominated by Islamophobic and anti-immigration commentary". The New York Times described document.no as "a popular conservative Website."
Yvonne Rundberg Savosnick, the former chairman of the Norwegian Union of Jewish Students, cited the website in an 2009 interview with student newspaper at the University of Oslo Universitas. In the article titled "Curriculum" she was asked to suggest three websites that she would recommend be on the curriculum of every student. After stating that she did not agree for one curriculum for all she suggested the website as one of three picks as, although she rarely agreed with everything on the site, it gave a critical view of the Norwegian press.
In 2009 the website was cited by Dagbladet as the main player, when for the first time in Norwegian history, "bloggers" was credited for successfully setting the national political agenda. Rustad had on a daily basis criticized a governmental proposed extension of § 185 with regards to "hate speech so that the provision protects the need for a criminal law protection against qualified attack on religions and belief." The proposed bill was met with nearly no exposure in the mainstream media, until close to a month later, although it had been criticizised as an attack on democracy in Danish newspapers. Eventually the bill became criticized as attacking freedom of speech, and an online petition against it was supported by numerous notable figures in Norway. In the end, the government pulled the proposal back.
Links to admitted terrorist
The blog received global media attention in July 2011 due to terrorist Anders Behring Breivik, perpetrator of the 2011 Norway attacks, having posted numerous posts on the website and praised the blog owner. He also attended meetings of Documents venner (Friends of Document), affiliated with the website. According to the BBC, "Anders Behring Breivik left racist, extremist right-wing comments along with fellow anti-Muslims" on the site. However, according to Janne Kristiansen, Chief of the Norwegian Police Security Service (PST), Breivik "deliberately desisted from violent exhortations on the net [and] has more or less been a moderate, and has neither been part of any extremist network." The blog owner distanced himself from Breivik.
- ^ "Terror in Norwegen - Das Netzwerk der Hass-Blogger". Der Standard. 2011-07-26. http://derstandard.at/1310512158177/Verschwoerungsfalle-Terror-in-Norwegen---Das-Netzwerk-der--Hass-Blogger. Retrieved 2011-07-26.
- ^ "Norvège: Anders Behring Breivik aurait copié-collé des textes de Kaczynski, dit Unabomber". Slate.fr. http://www.slate.fr/story/41567/direct-oslo-attentat-bombe-tirs. Retrieved 2011-07-24.
- ^ http://www.information.dk/274168
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- ^ "Document.no : politisk analyse, kulturdebatt, mediekritikk" (in Norwegian). National Library of Norway. http://www.nb.no/nati/index.php?side=sok&func=sok&type=ompub&pub_nr=3139. Retrieved 4 July 2010.
- ^ http://www.aftenposten.no/kul_und/article4184153.ece
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- ^ "Retter krass kritikk mot nettsted" (in Norwegian). Aftenposten. 24 July 2011. http://www.aftenposten.no/nyheter/iriks/article4182006.ece. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
- ^ Andrew Ward; Robin Wigglesworth (2011-07-25). "Killings sure to stir immigration debate". Financial Times. http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/902834ea-b54f-11e0-81cd-00144feabdc0.html. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- ^ Peter O'Neil (2011-07-27). "Expert says he confronted mass murderer Anders Behring Breivik about his views". The Vancouver Sun. http://www.vancouversun.com/life/Expert+says+confronted+mass+murderer+Anders+Behring+Breivik+about+views/5167253/story.html. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
- ^ "Oslo Suspect Cultivated Parallel Life to Disguise ‘Martyrdom Operation’". The New York Times. 24 July 2011. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/25/world/europe/25breivik.html?pagewanted=2&_r=1&sq=document.no&st=cse&scp=2. Retrieved 7 September 2011.
- ^ "Pensum" (in Norwegian). Universitas. 21 January 2009. http://universitas.no/kultur/52765/pensum. Retrieved 23 July 2011.
- ^ Thorenfeldt, Gunnar (4 February 2009). "Bloggere senket regjeringens blasfemi-forslag" (in Norwegian). Dagbladet. http://www.dagbladet.no/2009/02/04/nyheter/blasfemi/blasfemiparagrafen/politikk/innenriks/4695299/. Retrieved 31 October 2010.
- ^ a b Goril, Liss (2001-09-11). "BBC News - Viewpoint: Attacks strike at Norway's values". Bbc.co.uk. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-14260743. Retrieved 2011-07-24.
- ^ Frank Patalong (2011-07-25). "Blogging Hate: Anders Breivik's Roots in Right-Wing Populism". Der Spiegel. http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,776413,00.html. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- ^ Will Englund; Michael Birnbaum (2011-07-23). "Suspect in Norway attacks admits involvement, denies responsibility". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/norway-attacks-police-say-suspect-used-car-bomb-two-guns-killing-at-least-92/2011/07/23/gIQAVYeOVI_story_2.html. Retrieved 2011-07-24.
- ^ a b NTB. "Tungt å bli rost av den terrorsiktede". DN.no. http://www.dn.no/forsiden/politikkSamfunn/article2188184.ece. Retrieved 2011-07-24.
- ^ "Som en liten gutt". bt.no. http://www.bt.no/nyheter/innenriks/--Som-en-liten-gutt-2542176.html. Retrieved 2011-07-24.
- ^ http://www.vg.no/nyheter/innenriks/artikkel.php?artid=10080771
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