Former UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Former UNESCO World Heritage Sites
The delisted Dresden Elbe Valley

The designation of World Heritage Site is a highly prestigious affair.[1][2] Such a designation bestows not only honor but also has economic implications as it enhances tourism. World Heritage sites may lose their designation when the UNESCO World Heritage Committee determines that the designated site is not properly managed or protected. First, however, the committee would place a site it is concerned about on its list of World Heritage in Danger of losing their designation and attempt to negotiate with the local authorities to remedy the situation. If remediation fails, the committee has revoked its designation.

Contents

Delisted sites

Oman, 2007

In 2007, Oman's Arabian Oryx Sanctuary was the first site to be removed from UNESCO's World Heritage list.[3] The sanctuary had become a World Heritage Site in 1994. Poaching and habitat degradation had nearly wiped out the Oryx population. The delisting was done in accordance with the wishes of the government that reduced the sanctuary by 90 percent after oil had been found at the site.[4] Only four breeding pairs of oryx were counted at the time of the removal of the designation.[5]

Germany, 2009

On June 25, 2009 the committee of the UNESCO voted to remove the status of World Heritage Site of the Dresden Elbe Valley on the basis of the Waldschlösschen Bridge that is under construction since 2007 and will bisect the valley.[6] The 20km long site had been selected as a World Heritage Site in 2004. The delisting was preceded by a long and protracted struggle between local Dresden authorities in favor of the bridge and their opponents. A referendum had been conducted in 2005 about building the bridge without informing the voters that the UNESCO designation was at stake.[7] In 2006 the site was placed on the endangered list until 2008, at which time a one-year extension was granted. With construction of the bridge ongoing it was declined to grant a second extension, and at its 2009 meeting in Seville the committee voted 14 to 5 to delist the site. This represents only the second delisting of a World Heritage Site.[8][9] While a majority of local residents polled indicated that Dresden can do without the UNESCO title, the delisting removes supporting funding and has been termed an "embarrassment".[8]

References

  1. ^ "UNESCO strips Dresden of World Heritage site title". Reuters. 2009-06-25. http://www.reuters.com/article/lifestyleMolt/idUSTRE55O4Y520090625. 
  2. ^ "Mexico to propose San Luis Potosi as UNESCO World Heritage Site". Sina.com. 2009-06-18. http://english.sina.com/life/2009/0617/249305.html. Retrieved June 25, 2009. 
  3. ^ "Arabian Oryx Sanctuary: UNESCO World Heritage Centre". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 2009-06-27. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/654. Retrieved 2009-06-27. 
  4. ^ People's Daily Online. (June 26, 2009). "Germany's Dresden deleted from UNESCO's World Heritage List". http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90782/90873/6686701.html. Retrieved June 27, 2009. 
  5. ^ "UNESCO removes Oman oryx sanctuary from heritage list". Reuters. June 30, 2007. http://www.reuters.com/article/scienceNews/idUSL3065930320070630. Retrieved June 25, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Dresden Elbe Valley: UNESCO World Heritage Centre". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 2009-06-27. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1156/. Retrieved 2009-06-26. 
  7. ^ Winter, Steffen (June 26, 2009). "Aberkennung des Welterbe-Titels: Faustrecht und Barock [Withdrawal of World Heritage Title: Bullying and Baroque]" (in German). Spiegel Online. http://www.spiegel.de/kultur/gesellschaft/0,1518,632765,00.html. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  8. ^ a b Connolly K and The Guardian offices. (June 25, 2009). "Bridge takes Dresden off Unesco world heritage list". http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/jun/25/dresden-bridge-unesco-heritage-status. Retrieved June 27, 2009. 
  9. ^ "Dresden is deleted from UNESCO's World Heritage List". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 2009-06-25. http://www.33whc.sevilla2009.es/de/news.html/new-9.html. Retrieved 2009-06-27. "Dresden is only the second property ever to have been removed from the World Heritage List. The Oman's Arabian Oryx Sanctuary was delisted in 2007." 


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Selected UNESCO World Heritage sites — ▪ Table Selected UNESCO World Heritage sites Africa Asia Australia and Oceania Europe North America South America Africa site* country notes Abomey Benin royal palace Abu Ruwaysh (Abū Ruwaysh) Egypt archaeological remains Abu Simbel Egypt… …   Universalium

  • World Heritage Sites in Scotland — are specific locations that have been included in the UNESCO World Heritage Programme list of sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance to the common heritage of humankind. Historic Scotland is responsible for cultural sites as part of… …   Wikipedia

  • World Heritage Sites of the Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France — Infobox World Heritage Site WHS = Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France State Party = FRA Type = Cultural Criteria = ii, iv, vi ID = 868 Region = Europe and North America Year = 1998 Session = 22nd Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/868In… …   Wikipedia

  • World Heritage Sites —    The United Nations Educational, Sci entific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has a program to des ignate World Heritage Sites, with the goal of protecting the common cultural and natural heritage of humankind. The Netherlands contains six… …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • List of World Heritage Sites in Europe — This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Europe. Asia Minor, Cyprus, all of the Aegean Islands, the Canaries and Madeira are included although the first two and some of the third are geographically located in Asia whereas the latter… …   Wikipedia

  • List of World Heritage Sites in Cuba — Morro Castle, Havana The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Conventi …   Wikipedia

  • List of World Heritage Sites in China — This is a list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in China. China has 41, ranking third in the world. China ratified The Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage on December 12, 1985. These sites comprise some… …   Wikipedia

  • World Heritage Site — Logo of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee …   Wikipedia

  • Classical Weimar (World Heritage Site) — Classical Weimar * UNESCO World Heritage Site Country …   Wikipedia

  • List of National Historic Sites of Canada — This is a complete list of the National Historic Sites of Canada. All such designations are made by the federal Minister of the Environment on the advice of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada . As of March 2008, there are 935 sites …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”