- European ground squirrel
European ground squirrel Conservation status Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Rodentia Family: Sciuridae Genus: Spermophilus Species: S. citellus Binomial name Spermophilus citellus
The European ground squirrel (Spermophilus citellus), also known as the European souslik, is a species from the squirrel family Sciuridae and is besides the speckled ground squirrel (Spermophilus suslicus) the only European representative of the genus Spermophilus. Like all squirrels, it is a member of the rodent order.
The European ground squirrel grows to a length of approximately 20 cm and a weight of between 200 and 400 g. It is a diurnal animal, living in colonies of individual burrows in pastures or grassy embankments. The squirrels emerge during the day to feed upon seeds, plant shoots and roots or flightless invertebrates. The colonies maintain sentinels who whistle at the sight of a predator, bringing the pack scurrying back to safety.
The European ground squirrel hibernates between autumn and March, depending on the climate. In preparation they will build up reserves of brown fat during the late summer.
In early summer, between 5 and 8 cubs are born in one litter.
It is to be found throughout eastern Europe from southern Ukraine, to Asia Minor, Austria, the Czech Republic, Greece, Romania, Bulgaria and north as far as Poland.
- ^ Coroiu, C., Kryštufek, B., Vohralík, V. & Zagorodnyuk, I. (2008). Spermophilus citellus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 8 January 2009.
- IUCN Red List vulnerable species
- Ground squirrels
- Mammals of Europe
- Mammals of Asia
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