Zan languages

Zan languages
Zan
Geographic
distribution:
South Caucasus, Anatolia
Linguistic classification: Kartvelian
  • Karto-Zan
    • Zan
Subdivisions:

The Zan languages, or Zanuri, are a branch of the Kartvelian languages constituted by the Mingrelian and Laz languages. Some[who?] linguists consider both to be members dialects of the same, Zan, language. However, Mingrelian and Laz are not completely mutually intelligible, though speakers of one language can recognize many words of the other.

The Proto-Zan language was spoken in ancient Colchis, a Bronze Age kingdom on the southeast shore of the Black Sea. For this reason, linguist A. Shanidze proposed the name Colchian for the united language. The term Zan comes from the Graeco-Roman name of one of the chief Colchian tribes, which is almost identical to the name given to the Mingrelians by the Svans (a northwestern Kartvelian group).

History

The Zan languages had split from the proto-Kartvelian language by the 8th century BC,[citation needed] and was spoken by a continuous community stretching along the Black Sea coast, from modern day Trabzon, Turkey into western Georgia.

In the mid-7th century AD, Zan speakers were split by intrusions of Georgian-speaking peoples from Iberia (eastern Georgia), driven by the Arabs, who took over the regions of Imereti, Guria, and Adjara.

Separated by geography, and later by politics and religion, northern and southern Zan eventually diverged into Mingrelian and Laz. Since the differentiation was basically complete by early modern times, it is not customary to speak of a unified Zan language today. Presently, Laz is spoken by the Laz people in Turkey (and in a small portion of Adjara, southwestern Georgia), while Mingrelian is spoken by the Mingrelians primarily in Mingrelia (northwest Georgia) and Abkhazia.

References



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zan — may refer to: *Zan Perrion, dating and relationship consultant *Zan language, a proposed collective term for the Megrelian and Laz languages. *Zan (簪), the original Chinese name of Kanzashi. *Zan (Rising Zan), the main character in the video game …   Wikipedia

  • Iranian languages — This article is about the Iranian languages. For languages spoken in Iran, see Languages of Iran. For the official language of Iran, see Persian language. Iranian Geographic distribution: Southwest Asia, Central Asia, and western South Asia… …   Wikipedia

  • Bua languages — The Bua languages are a subgroup of the Mbum Day subgroup of the Adamawa languages spoken by fewer than 30,000 people in southern Chad in an area stretching roughly between the Chari River and the Guera Massif. They are ultimately part of the… …   Wikipedia

  • South Caucasian languages — Infobox Language family name=South Caucasian altname= Kartvelian region=South Caucasus, Anatolia familycolor=Caucasian family=One of the world s primary language families child1=Georgian child2=Zan *Mingrelian *Laz child3=Svan iso2=cauThe South… …   Wikipedia

  • List of numbers in various languages — The following tables list the names and symbols for the numbers 0 through 10 in various languages and scripts of the world. Where possible, each language s native writing system is used, along with transliterations in Latin script and other… …   Wikipedia

  • Dardic languages — Dardic Geographic distribution: eastern Afghanistan, Kashmir Linguistic classification: Indo European Indo Iranian Indo Aryan Dardic …   Wikipedia

  • Uralic languages — Family of more than 30 languages spoken by some 25 million people in central and northern Eurasia. A primary division is between the Finno Ugric languages, which account for most of the languages and speakers, and the Samoyedic languages. The… …   Universalium

  • Dai Bai Zan Cho Bo Zen Ji — Information Denomination Rinzai Founded 1983 Founder(s) Genki Takabayashi …   Wikipedia

  • Zande — /zan dee/, n., pl. Zandes, (esp. collectively) Zande. Azande. * * * or Azande People of central Africa who live in The Sudan, Congo (Kinshasa), and Central African Republic. They speak an Adamawa Ubangi language of the Niger Congo family. They… …   Universalium

  • Laz language — Laz Lazuri, ლაზური Spoken in …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”