Local anesthetic with vasoconstrictor

Local anesthetic with vasoconstrictor

A local anesthetic with vasoconstrictor is a combination drug of a local anesthetic in order to induce absence of pain in an area, given with a vasoconstrictor in order to increase the duration of local anesthesia by constricting the blood vessels, thereby safely concentrating the anesthetic agent for an extended duration, as well as reducing hemorrhage.[1]



Local anesthetics with vasoconstrictors should not be used in the nose, fingers, toes and penis, because the arteries here are end arteries, so the vasoconstrictor effect could cause ischemia and even gangrene of the affected part.[2] Rather, a local anesthetic without vasoconstrictor should be used for local anesthesia in such parts.


  1. ^ Yagiela JA (1995). "Vasoconstrictor agents for local anesthesia". Anesth Prog 42 (3-4): 116–20. PMC 2148913. PMID 8934977. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2148913. 
  2. ^ Page 292 in: O'Brien, Denise; Burden, Nancy; Quinn, Donna M. DeFazio (2000). Ambulatory surgical nursing. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders. ISBN 0-7216-6847-X. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hydraulic Sinus Condensing — (HSC) is a sinus lift procedure invented in 1996, by Dr. Leon Chen of the [http://www.diiworld.com Dental Implant Institute] . Unlike the traditional methods of sinus lifts, which typically use an osteotomy of the lateral aspect of the maxilla,… …   Wikipedia

  • Cocaine — The most potent stimulant of natural origin, a bitter addictive anesthetic (pain blocker) which is extracted from the leaves of the coca scrub (Erythroxylon coca) indigenous to the Andean highlands of South America. From the name of the plant… …   Medical dictionary

  • Liposuction — Liposuction, also known as lipoplasty ( fat modeling ), liposculpture or suction lipectomy ( suction assisted fat removal ) is a cosmetic surgery operation that removes fat from many different sites on the human body. Areas affected can range… …   Wikipedia

  • Dimethocaine — Systematic (IUPAC) name (3 diethylamino 2,2 dimethylpropyl) 4 aminobenzoate Clinical data Pregnancy cat.  ? …   Wikipedia

  • Cocaine — For other uses, see Cocaine (disambiguation). Cocaine …   Wikipedia

  • drug — drug1 /drug/, n., v., drugged, drugging. n. 1. Pharm. a chemical substance used in the treatment, cure, prevention, or diagnosis of disease or used to otherwise enhance physical or mental well being. 2. (in federal law) a. any substance… …   Universalium

  • Drug — /droog/, n. Zoroastrianism. the cosmic principle of disorder and falsehood. Cf. Asha. [ < Avestan drauga] * * * I Any chemical agent that affects the function of living things. Some, including antibiotics, stimulants, tranquilizers,… …   Universalium

  • Complex regional pain syndrome — Complex regional pain syndrome/Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (CRPS/RSD) Classification and external resources ICD 10 M89.0, G56.4 ICD 9 …   Wikipedia

  • Lidocaine — Systematic (IUPAC) name 2 (diethylamino) …   Wikipedia

  • Procaine — Novocaine redirects here. For other uses, see Novocaine (disambiguation). Procaine Systematic (IUPAC) name …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”