Chelsea Naval Hospital

Chelsea Naval Hospital
Chelsea Naval Hospital
Navy
Boston Naval Hospital, where a surgeon, nurse and corpsman examine a patient in Ward 6, Group 1, on June 2, 1919
Geography
Location Chelsea, Massachusetts, Massachusetts, United States
Coordinates 42°23′22.81″N 71°2′51.53″W / 42.3896694°N 71.0476472°W / 42.3896694; -71.0476472
Organization
Hospital type Military
History
Founded 1823
Closed 1974
Links
Lists Hospitals in Massachusetts

Chelsea Naval Hospital was a former hospital in Chelsea, Massachusetts. With the closure of the nearby Boston Navy Yard, the hospital closed in 1974.

History

On January 7, 1836 the Chelsea Naval Hospital was completed and commissioned. Located on a hill on the banks of the Mystic River in Chelsea, MA, it is 112 feet (34 m) above sea level. The original building was built of Vermont granite. The hospital was a three story building with a 100 bed capacity. A wing was added on the west side of the building in 1865. In 1915, a new hospital building was constructed further up the hill. The old building was converted to quarters for hospital personnel.[1]

It was one of the first three hospitals authorized by Congress specifically to accommodate naval personnel. Previously, naval personnel received treatment at hospitals operated by the Department of the Treasury for all mariners, naval and merchant. The hospital was originally called "Naval Hospital at Charlestown (Chelsea Site)" then "Naval Hospital Chelsea," and finally "Naval Hospital Boston,". The hospital served naval personnel and others during the American Civil War, Spanish-American War, World War I and World War II.

Chelsea Naval Hospital building

In 1970, a plaque in remembrance of Medal of Honor recipient Wayne Maurice Caron, a hospital corpsman, was placed on the grounds of the hospital.

In 1973, the hospital and the surrounding grounds were added to the Naval Hospital Boston Historic District.

At the time the hospital was decommissioned in 1974, it was the oldest naval hospital in continuous service in the United States and consisted of 88 acres (360,000 m2) of land on the Mystic River. Notable patients during the hospital's history include Presidents John Quincy Adams (after his presidency) and John F. Kennedy (before his presidency).

After the hospital closed, the property was turned over to the City of Chelsea for redevelopment as "Admirals Hill". The original hospital buildings were converted into condominiums while adjacent land was dotted with single family townhouses and high rise apartment complexes. Still extant are the perimeter wall and guard shack, pier, chapel, ordnance buildings, nurses' quarters, and the Captain's House. In addition to the redevelopment of the housing and hospital portion of the property, several acres on the Mystic River were taken over by the Metropolitan District Commission for Mary O'Malley Park.

References

External links


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