- Enoplosus armatus
Enoplosus armatus Enoplosus armatus (Pungent chaetodon) illustration, 1790 Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Actinopterygii Order: Perciformes Family: Enoplosidae Genus: Enoplosus
Species: E. armatus Binomial name Enoplosus armatus
Enoplosus armatus is a species of perciform fish, the only species in the family Enoplosidae.
It is native to reefs in the Indian and western Pacific Oceans, and to the coastal waters of Australia.
Originally classified with the butterflyfishes, it has a similar deep and compressed body but is easily distinguished by its silver-and-black zebra-striped coloration, and by its two prominent dorsal fins, the second of which is very long, sickle-shaped, and has poisonous spines. It grows up to 50 cm long.
A fisherman's name, Old wife, refers to the sound it makes when caught, caused by it grinding its teeth. The vernacular names include Bastard dory, derived from the french doré (golden), and Zebra-tail or -fish.
The first description of the species in 1790, one of the earliest of an Australian fish, was by John White in Journal of a voyage to New South Wales. His description as Chætodon armatus (The Long-Spined Chaetodon) was as follows:
- Chaetodon albescens, corpore, fasciis septem nigris, spinis pinnae dorsalis sex, tertia longissima.
This was accompanied by an illustration that is attributed to Thomas Watling, with a caption of The Pungent Chaetedon.
- ^ a b Morrison, Sue; Storrie, Ann (1999). Wonders of Western Waters. Como, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management. pp. 119. ISBN 0 7309 6894 4.
- ^ "Old Wife". Australian Museum. http://www.amonline.net.au/fishes/fishfacts/fish/earmatus.htm. Retrieved 28 March 2006.
- ^ Agustin, Liza Q., et alii (13.07.07). "Common Names of Enoplosus armatus". Common name summary. FishBase. http://www.fishbase.org/comnames/CommonNamesList.php?ID=4341&GenusName=Enoplosus&SpeciesName=armatus&StockCode=4527. Retrieved 2009-01-03.
- ^ White, J. 1790, Journal of a voyage to New South Wales with sixty-five plates of non descript animals, birds, lizards, serpents, curious cones of trees and other natural productions.: Pl. 39. [transcription at Gutenberg
- ^ White, 1790, pl. 39
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). "Enoplosidae" in FishBase. January 2006 version.
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). "Enoplosus armatus" in FishBase. January 2006 version.
- "Enoplosus armatus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=169695. Retrieved 27 March 2006.
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