- Green-Wood Cemetery
name = Green-Wood Cemetery
nrhp_type = nhl
caption = The Chapel at Green-Wood Cemetery
location = Brooklyn, NY
lat_degrees = 40 | lat_minutes = 39 | lat_seconds = 08 | lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 73 | long_minutes = 59 | long_seconds = 28 | long_direction = W
area = 478 acres (1.9 km²)
built = 1838
David Bates Douglass; Richard Upjohn& son ( Richard M. Upjohn)
designated = September 20, 2006 cite web|url=http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=-730429415&ResourceType=District
title=Green-Wood Cemetery|date=2007-09-14|work=National Historic Landmark summary listing|publisher=
National Park Service| quote=Green-Wood Cemetery, established in 1838, was the largest and most varied of the early American rural cemeteries. Its scale, diverse topography, and intended civic prominence made it the prototype for how a cemetery with Picturesque landscaping could be created in contrast to the rapidly expanding cities of the 19th century. Inspired by Alexander Jackson Downing, the most nationally prominent landscape designer and author in antebellum America, David Bates Douglass conceived the overall plan for the Picturesque landscape, executed with complementary Gothic Revival buildings by Richard Upjohnand his son Richard Michell Upjohn]
March 08, 1997cite web|url=http://www.nr.nps.gov/|title=National Register Information System|date=2007-01-23|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher= National Park Service| ]
refnum = 97000228
governing_body = Private cemetery
Green-Wood Cemetery was founded in 1838 as a
rural cemeteryin Kings County, New York, now in Brooklyn. cite news |first=Glenn |last=Collins |authorlink= |coauthors= |title= Ground as Hallowed as Cooperstown; Green-Wood Cemetery, Home to 200 Baseball Pioneers |url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F04E3DC1539F932A35757C0A9629C8B63 |quote= Before A-Rod and Jeter, there were J-Creigh and Woodward. That would be James Creighton, Jr., the world's first true baseball star, and John B. Woodward, an outfielder who became a Union general in the Civil War. Both played for the Excelsior Club -- sort of the Yankees of the early 1860's -- and now both reside in the Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn. ... Mr. Nash discovered some monuments, like that of Duncan Curry, by sheer chance, while walking through the cemetery. Curry, first president of the Knickerbocker Baseball Club, is immortalized with a monument that proudly dubs him "Father of Baseball" because he headed the club that scholars say first codified many of the game's rules. ... Another Green-Wood resident, DeWolf Hopper, a thespian, delivered a rendition of the Ernest Thayer poem, "Casey at the Bat," shortly after it was published in 1888, and proceeded to perform it more than 10,000 times over the next half-century. One of his six marriages was to a Hollywood socialite who took his name: Hedda Hopper. At Tulip Hill, the imposing granite vault of the three Patchen brothers -- Sam Patchen(shortstop), Joe Patchen(right field) and Edward Patchen(infielder) -- is the only crypt of early baseball players, the Alou brothers of their time. ... A happier story is that of Charles J. Smith, "one of the great players of the 1860's," Mr. Richman said. He was buried in a seemingly unmarked grave at Green-Wood. But investigation by a grounds crew discovered his monument last year, a few feet underground, where it had sunk. It has now been restored. |publisher= New York Times|date= April 1, 2004|accessdate=2008-03-28 ] It was granted National Historic Landmarkstatus in 2006 by the U.S. Department of the Interior.
Greenwood Heights, Brooklyn, it lies several blocks southwest of Prospect Park, between Park Slope, Windsor Terrace and Sunset Park. In " The New York Times", it was said that "it is the ambition of the New Yorker to live upon the Fifth Avenue, to take his airings in the Park, and to sleep with his fathers in Green-Wood". cite news
title= Design Notebook; Pastoral Green-Wood cemetery is a lesson in 19th-century taste.
authorlink = Paul Goldberger
The New York Times
quote= 'Before there was a Central Park and a Prospect Park, people came to GreenWood,' said William J. Ward. Green-Wood is not a park, it is not a playground and it is not a rural outpost; it is a cemetery in southwest Brooklyn. But there is no mystery as to why it was once popular for Sunday outings--Green-Wood is as lush a landscape as exists anywhere in the built-up boroughs of New York.
accessdate= 2007-09-23 ] Inspired by
Mount Auburn Cemeteryin Cambridge, Massachusetts, where a cemetery in a naturalistic park-like landscape in the English manner was first established, Green-Wood was able to take advantage of the varied topography provided by glacial moraines. Battle Hill, the highest point in Brooklyn, is on cemetery grounds, rising approximately 200 feet above sea level.
The cemetery was the idea of Henry Evelyn Pierrepoint, a Brooklyn social leader. It was a popular tourist attraction in the 1850s and was the place most famous New Yorkers who died during the second half of the nineteenth century were buried. It is still an operating cemetery with approximately 600,000 graves spread out over 478 acres (1.9 km²). The rolling hills and dales, several ponds and an on-site chapel provide an environment that still draws visitors. On weekends cars are allowed on cemetery grounds. There are several famous monuments located there, including a statue of
DeWitt Clintonand a Civil War Memorial. During the Civil War, Green-Wood Cemetery created the "Soldiers' Lot" for free veterans' burials. Richard Upjohndesigned an entrance gate on 5th Avenue opposite 25th Street (1861) in the Gothic Revival style, along with several wooden shelters (including one in a Gothic Revival style, one resembling an Italian villa, and another resembling a Swiss chalet).cite web
title= Pierrepont Family Memorial
quote= Henry Evelyn Pierrepont was known as the "first citizen" of Brooklyn for good reason. He, along with his father Hezekiah B. and mother Anna Maria before him, played a significant role in the planning of Brooklyn as a physical city, its crucial ferry services to New York, and the establishment of Green-Wood Cemetery itself.
accessdate= 2007-09-23 ] A descendent colony of
monk parakeets that escaped their containers on a flight from South America to Idlewild International Airport(today JFK) in the 1960s today nests in the center spire of the gate.cite web
title= BrooklynParrots.com: A Web Site About the Wild Parrots of Brooklyn
quote= The beautiful Civil War-era gate to Greenwood Cemetery is spectacular in its own right; add vociferous parrots and you've got one of the most sublime, most surreal locales on the planet.
accessdate= 2007-09-23 ] cite web
title= Gothham Gigs
Crain's New York Business
quote= The article presents information concerning the year-round tours led by Steve Baldwin in Brooklyn, New York to the nests of parrots. Baldwin volunteers to lead walking tours to the nests of an extended family of wild Quaker parrots which escaped from a shipping crate at JFK International Airport in the late 1960s.
accessdate= 2007-09-23 ]
The cemetery was declared a
National Historic Landmarkin 2006.cite web|url=http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=-730429415&ResourceType=District
title=Green-Wood Cemetery|date=2007-09-14|work=National Historic Landmark summary listing|publisher=National Park Service]
Samuel Akerly(1785-1845), founder of the New York Institute for the Blind
Albert Anastasia(1903-1957), mobster, "Lord High Executioner" for "Murder Inc."
Othniel Boaz Askew(1972-2003), politician and assassin of James E. Davis (cremated)
Jean-Michel Basquiat(1960-1988), artist
William Holbrook Beard(1824-1900), painter of "Bulls and Bears" representing the market cycle; a bear statue sits on top of his headstone
Henry Ward Beecher(1813-1887), abolitionist
James Gordon Bennett, Sr.(1795-1872), founder/publisher of the " New York Herald"
Henry Bergh(1818-1888), founder of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
Leonard Bernstein(1918-1990), composer, conductor
Samuel Blatchford(1820-1893), U.S. Supreme Court Justice
Alice Cary(1820-1871), poet, author
Phoebe Cary(1824-1871), poet, author
*Henry Chadwick (1824-1908),
Baseball Hall of Famemember (memorial)
DeWitt Clinton(1769-1828), unsuccessful U.S. presidential candidate 1812; U.S. Senatorfrom New York; seventh and ninth Governor of New York
Peter Cooper(1791-1883), inventor, manufacturer, abolitionist, founder of Cooper Union
James Creighton, Jr.(1841-1862), baseball player
Edwin Pearce Christy(1815 – 1862) Minstrel, known for the song Swanee River.
Nathaniel Currier(1813-1888), artist (" Currier and Ives")
Bronson M. Cutting(1888-1935), United States Senatorfrom New Mexico(1927 - 1928; 1929 - 1935)
*James E. Davis (1962-2003), assassinated City Councilman, was buried here for a few days, near a mausoleum containing the ashes of his assassin: On
August 3, 2003, his family had his body exhumed and reinterred in the Cemetery of the Evergreens.
Richard Delafield(1798–1873), Chief of Engineersand Superintendent of West Point
Francis E. Dorn(1911-1987), US Naval Commander, attorney and 12th District New York congressman for Brooklyn, Kings County.
Mabel Smith Douglass(1874-1933), founder and first dean of the New Jersey College for Women
Thomas Clark Durant(1820-1885), key figure in building the First Transcontinental Railroad
*James Durno (1795-1873), husband of labor activist
Fred Ebb(1928-2004), lyricist
Charles Ebbets(1859-1925), baseball team (Brooklyn Dodgers) owner; built Ebbets Field
Elizabeth F. Ellet(1818-1877), American writer and poet
*Charles Feltman (1841-1910), claimed to be the first person to put a hot dog on a bun
Edward Ferrero(1831-1899), American Civil War General at the Battle of the Craterand in the Appomattox Campaign
Edwin Forbes(1839-1895), American Civil War and postbellum artist, illustrator, and etcher.
Isaac Kaufmann Funk(1839-1912), American editor, lexicographer, publisher, and spelling reformer
Joey Gallo(1929-1972), mobster
Asa Bird Gardiner(1839-1919), controversial soldier, attorney, and prosecutor
Henry George, Jr.(1862-1916), United States Representativefrom New York
Louis Moreau Gottschalk(1829-1869), composer
Horace Greeley(1811-1872), unsuccessful U.S. presidential candidate 1872; founder of the New York Tribune
Robert Stockton Green(1831-1895), Governor of New Jersey
*Paul Hall (1914-1980), labor leader
Henry Wager Halleck(1815-1872),Chief of Staff during the latter part of the American Civil War
*John Hardy (1835-1913), member of the
U.S. House of Representativesfrom New York
Townsend Harris(1804-1878), first U.S. Consul General to Japan
William S. Hart(1864-1946), star of silent "Western" movies
*Thomas Hastings (1784-1872) - wrote the music to the hymn "Rock of Ages"
DeWolf Hopper(1858–1935), actor
Elias Howe(1819-1867), invented the sewing machine(see Walter Hunt)
Walter Hunt(1785-1869), invented the safety pin
James Merritt Ives(1824-1895), artist (" Currier and Ives")
Paul Jabara(1948-1992), actor, singer and songwriter
Leonard Jerome(1817-1891), entrepreneur, grandfather of Winston Churchill
Laura Keene(1826-1873), actress (on stage when Lincoln was shot)
Florence La Badie, (1888-1917), actress
John La Farge(1835-1910), artist
Laura Jean Libbey(1862-1924), popular "dime-store" novelist
Brockholst Livingston, U.S. Supreme Court Justice
William Livingston(1723-1790), signer of the U.S. Constitution; first Governor of New Jersey
Pierre Lorillard IV(1833-1901), tobacco tycoon, introduced the tuxedo to the U.S.
*Dr. Susan McKinney Stewart (1847-1918) one of the first Black women to earn a medical degree, and the first in the
U.S. stateof New York
Ormsby M. Mitchel(1805-1862) American astronomer and major general in the American Civil War
Henry James Montague(1840-1878), stage actor [cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Final Tributes To Montague. Thousands Of Friends Attend His Funeral Services. Rev. Dr. Houghton Speaks Of His Life. A "Straw" Bail Man In Custody.|url= |quote=The mortal remains of Henry J. Montague were laid to rest yesterday within the quiet precincts of Green-Wood Cemetery. No elaborate ceremonies were performed over the coffin, but a thousand mourners, many of them weeping attend the services in "The Little Church Around the Corner," and as many more followed the hearse to the cemetery. The funeral services were carried out in accordance with the programme previously arranged. |publisher= New York Times|date= August 22, 1878, Wednesday |accessdate=2007-08-21 ]
Lola Montez(1821-1861), actress and mistress of many notable men
*Samuel F.B. Morse (1791-1872), invented
Morse code, language of the telegraph
James Kirke Paulding(1779-1860), U.S. Secretary of the Navyunder Martin Van Buren; thought to be "author" of "Peter picked a peck of pickled peppers", although it had already been published in children's primers in Britain as early as 1813.
Anson Greene Phelps, (1781-1853) founder of Phelps, Dodge mining and copper company.
*William "Bill The Butcher" Poole (1821-1855), a member of the
Bowery Boysgang and the Know Nothingpolitical party; also a bare-knuckle boxer.
*Samuel C. Reid (1783-1861), suggested the design upon which all U.S. flags since 1818 have been based
*Alice Roosevelt (1861-1884) - first wife of U.S. President
Martha Bulloch Roosevelt(1834-1884), mother of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt
Robert Roosevelt(1829-1906), uncle of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt, Sr.(1831-1878), father of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt
Margaret Sanger(1879-1966), birth controladvocate
Ira Sankey(1840-1908), hymncomposer
Frederick August Otto Schwarz(1836-1911), founder of specialty toy retailer FAO Schwarz
Henry Warner Slocum(1827-1894), Union General of the American Civil War, U.S. House Representative from N.Y.
Francis Barretto Spinola(1821–1891), first Italian-American elected to the U.S. House of Representatives
Henry Steinway(1797-1871), founder of Steinway & Sons, pianomanufacturers
William Steinway(1836-1896), son of Henry Steinway, and founder of Steinway, New York
James S. T. Stranahan(1808-1898), "Father of Prospect Park", was an instrumental promoter of the park, the Brooklyn Bridge, and the consolidation of Brooklyn into Greater New York
Francis Scott Street(1831-1883), co-owner of Street & Smithpublishers
*John Thomas (1805-1871), founding father of The
Louis Comfort Tiffany(1848-1933), artist
*Matilda (or Mathilda) Tone, widow of Irish rebel
George Francis Train(1829-1904), railroad promoter
Juan Trippe(1899-1981), airline pioneer, headed Pan Am from 1927 to 1968
Robert Troup(1756-1832), Revolutionary War hero, New York State assemblyman and Judge. Body moved to Green-Wood in 1872.cite book |title = Robert Troup: A Quest for Security in a Turbulent New Nation |last = Tripp |first=Wendell E. |year=1982 |isbn=0405140746 |publisher = Ayer Publishing |pages=322 |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=W0J5KX-TO2EC&pg=PA322&dq=GreenWood+Cemetery+robert+troup&sig=afFLw1b7QG2rhpIBjE9ofsFNNnY#PPA323,M1 |accessdate=2008-02-02]
*William Marcy "Boss" Tweed (1823-1878), notorious New York political boss, member of the
U.S. House of Representativesand New York State Senate
Leopold von Gilsa(d. 1870), American Civil War colonel and brigade commander
Charles S. Wainwright, (1826-1907), American Civil War colonel and artillery officer
Thomas R. Whitney(1807-1858), member of the U.S. House of Representativesfrom New York
*Frank Morgan Wupperman (1890-1949), played the character of the Wizard in "The Wizard of Oz".
*Jehemiah Cleveland, "Green-Wood Cemetery: A History from 1838 to 1864" Anderson and Archer (1866)
* [http://www.nytimes.com/2006/01/30/nyregion/30gravediggers.html The Ones Who Prepare the Ground for the Last Farewell] , "
New York Times", Corey Killgannon, January 30 2006
*The Encyclopedia Of New York City (1995), ed. Kenneth T. Jackson; Green-Wood Cemetery, Edward F. Bergman, pp.509-510
*Jeffrey I. Richman, "Brooklyn's Green-wood Cemetery: New York's Buried Treasure" (1998)
*Jeffrey I. Richman, "Final Camping Ground:Civil War Veterans at Brooklyn's Green-Wood Cemetery, In Their Own Words"
The Pierrepont papers, deposited at the Brooklyn Historical Society contain material concerning the organizing of Green-Wood Cemetery.
List of famous cemeteries
List of mausoleums
* [http://www.green-wood.com/ Official web site]
* [http://www.interment.net/data/us/ny/kings/greenwood/greenwood.htm More names of buried persons]
* [http://americasroof.com/nyc-brooklyn.shtml Battle Hill at America's Roof]
* [http://eventhedeadshallblog.blogspot.com/ Pictures of Green-Wood]
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