- Shreveport, Louisiana
official_name = City of Shreveport
nickname = Port City , River City, Ratchet City
motto = The Next Great City of the South
image_caption = Shreveport Skyline
pushpin_map_caption =Location of Shreveport in
Caddo Parish, Louisiana
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = Parishes
subdivision_name2 = Caddo, Bossier
leader_name1 =Collapsible list
title = Members List
frame_style = border:none; padding: 0;
list_style = text-align:left;display:none;
1 = Chair:
R.M. "Monty" Walford(D)
2 = Dist A:
Calvin B. Lester, Jr.(D)
3 = Dist B:
R. "Monty" Walford(D)
4 =Dist C:
Michael D. Long(R)
Bryan K. Wooley(R)
6 =Dist E:
7 =Dist F:
8 =Dist G:
established_title = Founded
established_title1 = Incorporated
established_date = 1836
20 March 1839
area_magnitude = 1 E7
area_total_sq_mi = 117.8
area_total_km2 = 305.1
area_land_sq_mi = 103.1
area_land_km2 = 267
area_water_sq_mi = 14.6
area_water_km2 = 37.8
area_water_percent = 12.39%
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 200145
population_metro = 375965
population_density_km2 = 749.2
population_density_sq_mi = 1940.5
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
area_code = 318
latd=32 |latm=28 |lats=05 |latNS= N
longd=93 |longm=46 |longs=16 |longEW= W
elevation_m = 43.9
elevation_ft = 144
website = http://www.shreveportla.gov
Shreveport is the third-largest city and the principal city of the third largest
metropolitan areain the U.S. stateof Louisiana, as well as being the 99th-largest city in the United States. "Shreveport, Louisiana (LA) Detailed Profile" (notes), "City Data", 2007, webpage: [http://www.city-data.com/city/Shreveport-Louisiana.html C-Shrv] . ] "Census 2000 Data for the State of Louisiana" (town list), US Census Bureau, May 2003, webpage: [http://www.census.gov/census2000/states/la.html C2000-LA] .] [ "2005 Census of Governments;" U.S. Census Bureau, webpage: [http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/SUB-EST2005.html CB-2005] , p. 9] It is the seat of Caddo ParishGR|6 and extends slightly into neighboring Bossier Parish. Bossier City is separated from Shreveport by the Red River. The population was 200,145 at the 2000 census, and the Shreveport-Bossier City Metropolitan Areapopulation exceeds 375,000. [cite web |url=http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=&_geoContext=&_street=&_county=shreveport&_cityTown=shreveport&_state=04000US22&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010 |title=Shreveport city, Louisiana United States Census |publisher= United States Census Bureau|accessdate=2008-10-09]
Shreveport was founded in 1836 by the Shreve Town Company, a corporation established to develop a town at the juncture of the newly navigable
Red Riverand the Texas Trail, an overland route into the newly independent Republic of Texas and, prior to that time, into Mexico. [cite web |url=http://www.shreveportchamber.org/history.php |author=Brock, Eric |title=Shreveport History |publisher=Greater Shreveport Chamber of Commerce |accessdate=2008-06-10]
Shreveport is the commercial and cultural center of the
Ark-La-Tex, the area where Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texasmeet. Many people in the community refer to the two cities of Shreveport and Bossier City as "Shreveport-Bossier".
The Shreve Town Company was established to launch a town at the meeting point of the Red River and the
Texas Trail. The Red River was cleared and made newly navigable by Captain Henry Miller Shreve, who commanded the United States Army Corps of Engineers. A 180-mile (289 km) long natural logjam, the Great Raft, had previously obstructed passage to shipping. Shreve used a specially modified riverboat, the "Heliopolis", to remove the logjam. The company and the village of Shreve Town were named in Shreve's honor. [cite web |url=http://www.ci.shreveport.la.us/history.htm |title=Shreveport:a Brief History |author=Brock, Eric J. |year=2006 |publisher=City of Shreveport, Louisiana]
Shreve Town was originally contained within the boundaries of a section of land sold to the company by the indigenous
Caddo Indiansin the year of 1835. In 1838, Caddo Parish was created from the large Natchitoches Parish(pronounced "NACK-a-tish") and Shreve Town became the parish seat. Shreveport remains the parish seatof Caddo Parish today. On March 20, 1839, the town was incorporated as "Shreveport." Originally, the town consisted of sixty-four city blocks, created by eight streets running west from the Red River and eight streets running south from Cross Bayou, one of its tributaries.
Shreveport soon became a center of steamboat commerce, mostly cotton and agricultural crops. Shreveport also had a slave market, though slave trading was not as widespread as in other parts of the state. Both slaves and freedmen worked on the river steamboats which plied the Red River, and as stevedores loading and unloading cargo. By 1860, Shreveport had a free population of 2,200 and 1,300 slaves within the city limits.
American Civil War, Shreveport was capital of Louisiana (1863-1865). The city was a Confederate stronghold and was the site of the headquarters of the Trans-Mississippi Department of the Confederate Army. Isolated from events in the east, the Civil War continued in the Trans-Mississippi theater for several weeks after Robert E. Lee's surrender in April 1865, and the Trans-Mississippi was the last Confederate Command to surrender ( May 26, 1865). Confederate President Jefferson Davisattempted to flee to Shreveport when he left Richmond but was captured in Georgia en route.
The Red River, opened by Shreve in the 1830s, remained navigable until 1914 when disuse, owing to the rise of the
railroad, again resulted in the river becoming unnavigable. In 1994, navigability was restored by the Army Corps of Engineers with the completion of a series of lock-and-dam structures and a navigation channel. Today, Shreveport-Bossier City is again being developed as a port and shipping center.
By the 1910s,
Huddie William Ledbetter- also known as "Leadbelly" (1889-1949), a blues singer and guitarist who eventually achieved worldwide fame - was performing for Shreveport audiences in St. Paul's Bottoms, the notorious red light district of Shreveport which operated legally from 1903 to 1917. Ledbetter began to develop his own style of music after exposure to a variety of musical influences on Shreveport's Fannin Street, a row of saloons, brothels, and dance halls in the Bottoms.
Shreveport was also home to the "
Louisiana Hayride" radio program, broadcast weekly from the Municipal Auditorium. During its heydayfrom 1948 to 1960, this program spawned the careers of some of the greatest names in American music. The "Hayride" featured names such as Hank Williams, Sr.and Elvis Presley(who got his start at this venue).
In 1963, headlines across the country reported that
Sam Cookewas arrested after his band tried to register at a “whites only” Holiday Inn in Shreveport. [cite news |title=Negro Band Leader Held in Shreveport |work=The New York Times |date=1963-10-09] In the months following, Cooke recorded the civil rights era song, "A Change Is Gonna Come".
The coming of
riverboat gamblingto Shreveport in the mid-1990s spurred a revitalization of the downtown and riverfront areas. Many downtown streets were given a facelift through the "Streetscape" project, where brick sidewalks and crosswalks were built and statues, sculptures, and mosaics were added. The Texas Street Bridge was lit with neon lights, that were met with a variety of opinions among residents. [ [http://www.ci.shreveport.la.us/mayorpr/pr2000/082300.neon.htm Notice from City of Shreveport regarding bridge repairs] ]
Shreveport was named an All-American City in 1953, 1979, and 1999 [cite web |url=http://www.ncl.org/aac/past_winners/past_winners.html |title=Past Winners of the All-America City Award |publisher=
National Civic League]
Shreveport is located at coor dms|32|28|5|N|93|46|16|W|city (32.468003, -93.771115)GR|1 and has an elevation of convert|144|ft|1.GR|3 According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 117.8 square miles (305.1 km²), of which, 103.1 square miles (267.1 km²) of it is land and 14.6 square miles (37.9 km²) of it (12.44%) is water.
Shreveport's landscape sits on a low elevation overlooking the Red River. Pine forests, cotton fields, wetlands, and waterways mark the outskirts of the city.
Shreveport has a
humid subtropical climate( Koppen climate classification"Cfa"). Rainfall is abundant with the normal annual rain just over convert|51|in|m, with monthly averages ranging less than convert|3|in|mm in August to more than convert|5|in|mm in May and June. Severe thunderstorms with heavy rain, hail and occasional tornadoes occur in the area during the spring. The winter months are normally mild with an average of 39 days of freezing or below-freezing temperatures per year, though ice and sleet storms do occur. Summer months are very warm and humid, with maximum temperatures exceeding 95 degrees about 32 days per year, with high to very high relative average humidity sometimes exceeding the 90 percent level.
location =Shreveport, Louisiana
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source =Weatherbase.com cite web
url =http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=084227&refer=&units=us | title =Historical Weather for Shreveport | accessmonthday =July 29 | accessyear =2008
publisher =Weatherbase.com | language = ]
accessdate = July 28, 2008
Shreveport encompasses many different neighborhoods and districts. Below is a list of the various areas in Greater Shreveport.
In the Highlands section along Fairfield Avenue, more than a half dozen homes have been designated as historic. These include residences once occupied by a
lieutenant governorof Louisiana, Thomas Charles Barret, who served early in the 20th century; a Broadway director, Joshua Logan; a former governor and wife, Ruffin Pleasant; a physician and developer, George W. Robinson; a Coca Colabottler, Zehntner Biedenharn; the first mayor of Bossier City, Ewald Max Hoyer, who took office in 1907; and a major real estateowner, John B. Slattery, whose home is one of five remaining structures in Shreveport designed by the noted architectN.S. Allen. [Material taken from historic markers in Highland section of Shreveport]
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 200,145 people, 78,662 households, and 50,422 families residing in the city limits. The population densitywas 1,940.5 people per square mile (749.2/km²). There were 86,802 housing units, at an average density of 324.9/km² (841.6/sq mi). The racial makeup of the city was 50.80% African American, 46.66% White, 0.79% Asian, 0.31% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.55% of the population. From 1990 to 2000, the city's white non-Hispanic population declined from 53.6% to 45.9%, a -7.7% decline. By 2004, among all groups, Shreveport lost 0.8% of its 2000 census population.
There were 78,662 households, out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.3% were married couples living together, 21.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.12. Population ages ranked as follows: 26.9% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. The city ranks third in the nation of cities over 100,000 population with significant gender disparity: for every 100 females there were only 87.4 males, and for every 100 females age 18 and over, there were just 82.1 males. According to 2005 FBI statistics, Shreveport ranks 18th in overall crime rate among cities of 100,000-250,000 persons, with a murder rate of 19.6 per 100,000 population.
title= Shreveport-Bossier City MSA
The median income for a household in the city was $30,526, 72.4% of the national median of $42,148, and the median income for a family was $37,126. Males had a median income of $31,278 versus $21,659 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $17,759. About 18.7% of families and 22.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.3% of those under age 18 and 16.3% of those age 65 or over.
Government and politics
Founded in 1836 and incorporated in 1839, Shreveport is the parish seat of Caddo Parish. It is part of the First Judicial District, housing the Parish courthouse. It also houses the Louisiana Second Circuit Court of Appeal, which consists of nine elected judges representing twenty parishes in northwest Louisiana. A portion of east Shreveport extends into Bossier Parish due to the changing course of the Red River.
The city of Shreveport has a
mayor-council government. The elected municipal officials include the mayor, Cedric Glover, and seven members of the city council. Glover, a former member of the Louisiana House of Representatives, is the first African American to hold the position. Shreveport became a majority black city in the 2000 census.
Under the mayor-council government, the mayor serves as the executive officer of the city. As the city's chief administrator and official representative, the mayor is responsible for the general management of the city and for seeing that all laws and ordinances are enforced.
Shreveport was once a major player in United States oil business and at one time could boast
Standard Oil of Louisianaas a locally based company. The Louisiana branch was later absorbed by Standard Oil of New Jersey. In the 1980s, the oil and gas industry suffered a large economic downturn, and many companies cut back jobs or went out of business, including a large retail shopping mall, South Park Mall, which closed in the late 1990s and is now [http://www.summergrove.org Summer Grove Baptist Church.] Shreveport suffered severely from this recession, and many residents left the area.
Today the city has largely transitioned to a service economy. In particular, the area has seen a rapid growth in the gaming industry, hosting various riverboat gambling
casinos, and was second only to New Orleans in Louisiana tourism before Hurricane Katrina. Nearby Bossier City is home to one of the three horse racetracks in the state, Harrah'sLouisiana Downs. Casinos in Shreveport-Bossier include Sam's Town Casino, Eldorado Casino, Horseshoe Casino, Boomtown Casino, and Diamond Jacks Casino(formerly Isle of Capri). The Shreveport-Bossier Convention & Tourist Bureau is the official tourism information agency for the region. The bureau maintains a [http://www.shreveport-bossier.org comprehensive database] of restaurants, accommodations, attractions and events.
In May 2005, the
Louisiana Boardwalk, a 550,000 square foot (51,000 m²) shopping and entertainment complex, opened across the Red River in Bossier City, featuring outlet shopping, several restaurants, a 14-screen movie theater, a bowling complex, and a Bass Pro Shops.
A new convert|350000|sqft|m2|sing=on convention center was recently completed in downtown Shreveport. It includes an 800-space parking garage. An adjoining 12-story Hilton Hotel opened in early June 2007. The city's direct construction and ownership of the Hilton Hotel has been a controversial issue as to the proper use of public funds. The site is managed by Hilton Hotels. The Shreveport Convention Center is managed by SMG.
Shreveport is also a major medical center of the region and state. The
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center Shreveportoperates at expanded facilities once used by the former Confederate Memorial Medical Center. Major hospitals include Christus Schumpert, Willis Knighton, and Highland. There is also a Shriners Hospitals for Children.
Tax incentives offered by the state government have given Louisiana the third largest film industry in the country, behind
Californiaand New York, and lead to its nickname of " HollywoodSouth." [cite journal |url=http://www.fastcompany.com/magazine/118/the-short-shady-history-of-hollywood-south.html |author=Kamenetz, Anya |title=The Short, Shady History of Hollywood South |issue=118 |year=2007 |month=September |journal=Fast Company |publisher=Mansueto Ventures LLC |accessdate=2008-10-09] Shreveport is no exception and has seen a number of films made in the city. Facilities include sound stages, the State Fair of Louisiana Fairgrounds Complex, and the Louisiana Wave Studio, a computer-controlled outdoor wave pool. [cite web |url=http://www.ci.shreveport.la.us/pictures/soundstages.htm |title=Sound Stages/Infrastructure |accessdate=2008-10-09 |publisher=City of Shreveport, Louisiana]
Selected movies shot in Shreveport include:
The Guardian" (2006): Ashton Kutcherand Kevin Costner
*"Not Like Everyone Else" (2006) (TV Movie)
Factory Girl" (2006): Sienna Millerand Guy Pierce
Mr. Brooks" (2007): Kevin Costner, William Hurt, and Demi Moore
Blonde Ambition" (2007): Jessica Simpson
The Cleaner" (2007): Samuel L. Jackson
*"The Mist" (2007):
Thomas Jane, Toby Jones, and Marcia Gay Harden
*"The Last Lullaby" (2007):
Wonderful World" (2007): Matthew Broderick
Welcome Home Roscoe Jenkins" (2008): Michael Clarke Duncanand Martin Lawrence
The Longshots" (2008): Ice Cube, Keke Palmer, and Fred Durst
Disaster Movie" (2008): Vanessa Minillo, Matt Lanter, and Kim Kardashian
The Year One" (2008): Jack Blackand Michael Cera
Josh Brolin, Richard Dreyfuss, and James Cromwell
*"Deadly Exchange" (2009):
I Hope They Serve Beer In Hell" (2009): Matt Czuchry, Jesse Bradford, and Geoff Stults
Caddo Public Schools is a
school districtbased in Shreveport. The district serves all of Caddo Parish.
Its founding superintendent was Clifton Ellis Byrd, a
Virginianative, who assumed the chief administrative position in 1907 and continued until his death in 1926. C.E. Byrd High School, which was established in 1925 on Line Avenue at the intersection with East Kings Highway, bears his name.
Shreveport has several colleges, including the
Methodist-affiliated Centenary College (founded at Jackson, Louisiana, in 1825; relocated to Shreveport in 1908) and Louisiana State University at Shreveport, which opened as a two-year institution in 1967. It became four-year in 1976. Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center Shreveport, the only medical schoolin northern Louisiana, opened in 1969. Shreveport also has one of the largest nursing schools in northern Louisiana, the Northwestern State UniversityCollege of Nursing. Southern University, Shreveport (SUSLA), offers a two-year associate's degreeprogram. (The four-year institution, which is historically black, is in Baton Rouge.)
Shreveport has churches of all denominations and sizes. At the head of Texas Street is the large First
United MethodistChurch, established at that site in 1884. The current sanctuary dates to 1913. The church is pastored by Pat Day. Among its former pastors were D.L. Dykes, Jr., and John E. Fellers.
A second Methodist congregation is named for J.S. Noel, Jr. The church was begun as a mission in 1906. Methodist layman James Noel and his wife, Fannie, provided financially for the church in its early year. The congregation decided to name the church for the Noel's late son. Like First United Methodist, it opened in the current sanctuary in 1913 and grew rapidly. A fire gutted the building in 1925, and only a portion of the loss was covered by
insurance. The members expanded their ranks and rebuilt at the 500 Herndon location. The current Noel Memorial pastor is Dave Fortuna. [http://www.noelumc.org/about/history.html]
The large Holy
Trinity CatholicChurch located downtown was founded in 1858. Five priestsdied of yellow feverin 1873. The current sanctuary in Romanesque revival style architecturedates to 1896. [Historical marker, Holy Trinity Catholic Church, Shreveport]
A large First
BaptistChurch was once pastored by Monroe E. Dodd, an early radiominister and founder of the former Dodd College for Girls. Former Governor Jimmie Davis, a Shreveport city commissioner too, taught historyfor a year under Dodd's tutelage.
Other large Baptist congregations include Calvary, Broadmoor, and Summer Grove churches. The latter was previously pastored by Wayne L. DuBose, now pastor of First Baptist Church of Minden.
Particularly striking in size and architecture is St. Mark's Cathedral, an
Episcopalcongregation at 908 Rutherford Street in the Highlands section of Shreveport.
Agudath Achim is the biggest and most traditional Jewish synagogue. Rabbi Foster E. Kawaler is the current rabbi, focused on rebuilding the congregation. Shreveport, historically, has had a large and civic-minded Jewish community.
Shreveport and Bossier City share an
af2 arena footballteam, the Bossier-Shreveport Battle Wings, as well as a Central Hockey Leagueteam, the Bossier-Shreveport Mudbugs. Baseballin Shreveport has an extensive past. The current team is a Minor League Baseballteam known as the Shreveport Sports. Baseball teams in Shreveport have gone through 8 different name changes and 7 different leagues all since 1895.
Shreveport's rugby team, the
Shreveport Rugby Football Club, was founded in 1977 and participates in the Texas Rugby Football Union.
Shreveport is the home of the
Shreveport Aftershockof the Independent Women's Football League. The Aftershock play in the Midsouth Division of the Eastern Conference of the IWFL. The home field for the Aftershock is Independence Stadium. [cite web | title = Shreveport Aftershock - Schedule | publisher = Shreveport Aftershock | url =http://www.shreveportwomensfootball.com/ssp/schedule | accessdate = 2008-01-05]
Shreveport had an expansion team of the defunct
World Football League, the Shreveport Steamer, in 1974. They played in State Fair Stadium (now known as Independence Stadium) from September 1974 until October 1975. The Steamer were originally the Houston Texans and moved to Shreveport in September 1974. In 1974 they had a record of 7-12-1 and in 1975 5-7. Shreveport also had a CFL football team in the mid-1990s known as the Shreveport Pirates. Bernard Glieberman, a Detroitreal estate developer, owned the Ottawa Rough Riders and in 1994, sold the team and then purchased the expansion franchise that ultimately wound up in Shreveport. He was allowed to take a handful of Ottawa players with him, including quarterback Terrence Jones. However, the Pirates were another American CFLteam that ultimately became unsuccessful. Their first victory did not come until the 15th week of their initial season, and in 1995, all their victories were against Canadianteams. By 1996 the team had folded up.
Shreveport is the birthplace of several
footballstars. Terry Bradshaw, a former quarterback for Louisiana Tech Universityand the Pittsburgh Steelers, Joe Ferguson, former quarterback for the Buffalo Bills, Jacob Hester, a running back for the 2007 NCAA National Champions LSU; Josh Booty, a former shortstop for the Florida Marlinsand former quarterback for the Cleveland Brownsand Oakland Raidersand his younger brother John David Booty, quarterback for USC. Tommy Spinkswas a Bradshaw teammate early in their career at Louisiana Tech.
Shreveport was also mentioned as a potential city to house the NFL's
New Orleans Saintsin 2005 after Hurricane Katrina. It was passed over in favor of the much larger San Antonio and Louisiana State Universityin Baton Rouge. The Saints did play a game in Shreveport against the Dallas Cowboysduring the 2006 NFL preseason.
Shreveport has hosted the NCAA postseason
Independence Bowlsince 1976. [http://news.yahoo.com/s/sn/20071228/sp_sn/shreveportthegrandaddyofbadbowlgames]
Visual and performing arts
Shreveport Symphony Orchestra
Shreveport Metropolitan Ballet
* The Strand Theatre
R.W. Norton Art Gallery
Multicultural Center of the South**
* Southern University Museum of Art - ** These two sites are featured among the first twenty-six of the state's
Louisiana African American Heritage Trail.
Louisiana State Exhibit Museum
Shreveport Municipal Auditorium
* Robinson Film Center
* Barnwell Memorial Garden and Art Center
* East Bank Theatre - Bossier City
* Shreveport Little Theatre
* Artspace Shreveport
* Meadows Museum of Art - Centenary College
Events and tourism
Cinco De Mayo fiesta Shreveport
Red River Revelis a yearly event featuring local music, food and entertainers.
Mudbug Madnessis a celebration of crawfish
* Holiday in Dixie
Louisiana State Fairin the fall
Independence Bowlafter Christmas
Louisiana Film Festival- Centenary College
* Shriner's Circus
Recreation and attractions
* [http://www.louisianaboardwalk.com/ Louisiana Boardwalk - Bossier City]
* J. Bennett Johnston, Jr. Waterway Regional Visitor Center - History of Red River
* [http://www.sciport.org/ Sci-Port Discovery Center] and [http://www.imax.com/ImaxWeb/welcome.do IMAX Theater]
* Riverwalk Park
Clyde Fant Parknamed for Mayor Fant (1946–1954; 1958–1970) along the Red River.
* Cross Lake
* Ford Park on Cross Lake
The Gardens of the American Rose Center
Hirsch Memorial Coliseumat Louisiana State Fairgrounds
The National Rose Garden, the world's largest rose garden.
* Azalea Gardens of the
R.W. Norton Art Gallery
Touchstone Wildlife & Art Museum- Haughton in Bossier Parish
Yogie and Friends Exotic Cat Sanctuary
Barnwell Garden & Art Center
Shreveport Municipal Auditoriumfirst performance of Elvis Presley
Spring Street Museum
Pioneer Heritage Center at LSUS
8th Air Force Museum- Barksdale Airforce Base, Bossier City
Antique, Classic Vehicle and Firefighters Museum of Shreveport
Spirit of the Red River
Shreveport is served by a variety of print publications. The major daily newspaper serving the Shreveport-Bossier and Ark-La-Tex area is the "Shreveport Times". Its headquarters are located in downtown Shreveport near
Interstate 20. A second major paper, the afternoon " Shreveport Journal", ceased publication in 1991.
Other smaller non-daily newspapers in the area include "
The Shreveport Sun", the " Caddo Citizen". Bossier City is served by the bi-weekly " Bossier Press-Tribune". "The Bombardier" is the weekly newspaper of record for the Barksdale Air Force Base. In addition alternative publications include, " The Forum Newsweekly", "City Lights", and " SB Magazine".
Shreveport and Bossier City are served by two major
cable televisionsystems: Shreveport is served by Comcastand Bossier City is served by Suddenlink.
Shreveport is home to several radio stations, particularly
KWKHand KEEL, having reputations beyond the city. The three commercial television outlets are KSLA-TV, CBS, founded in 1954; KTBS-TV, ABC, founded in 1955, and KTAL-TV, arrived in Shreveport in September 1961 as the NBC station. KTBS was an NBC station, with occasional ABC programs, from 1955-1961, when it switched affiliation to ABC. KTAL, formerly known as KCMC of Texarkana, was a CBS outlet prior to conversion to NBC, when it began to cover Shreveport as well as Texarkana. Don Owen (born 1930), a member of the Louisiana Public Service Commissionfrom 1984-2002, is also a former news anchormanon KSLA.
Barksdale Air Force Base is located in
Bossier Parishacross the river from Shreveport, which donated the land for its construction in the 1920s. Named for pioneer army aviator Lt. Eugene Hoy Barksdaleand originally called Barksdale Army Air Field, it opened in 1933 and became Barksdale Air Force Base in 1947. Headquartered here are the 8th Air Force, 2d Bomb Wing, and 917th Wing. The primary plane housed here is the Boeing B52 Stratofortress. In earlier years, the base was the home to other famous planes, including the B-47.
Shreveport is home to the 2-108th Cavalry Squadron, the reconnaissances element of the
256th Infantry Brigade. Three of the squadron's four cavalry troops are located at 400 East Stoner Avenue in a historic armory known as "Fort Humbug".
Highways and roads
Shreveport's past reflects the need for mass transit and public roads. As far back as the 1870s, residents used
mule-drawn street cars that were converted to electric-motorized cars by 1890. Commuter railsystems in Shreveport flourished for many decades, and rail car lines extended out to rural areas. In 1930, trolleys and rail cars began to be replaced by buses, although motor buses did not finally replace all trolley service until the 1960s. In the 1960s the I nterstate Highway Systemcame to the area with the construction of Interstate 20.
The local public transportation provider,
Sportran, provides moderately extensive bus service throughout Shreveport and Bossier City. Sportran operates seven days a week on seventeen bus routes (five night routes) from 6:00 a.m. to 1:00 a.m., with no night service on Sunday.
The highway system has a cross-hair and loop freeway structure similar to that of
Texascities like Houstonand Dallas. The loop consists of The Outer Loop Freeway Interstate 220 on the north and The Inner Loop Freeway, Louisiana Highway 3132on the south, forming approximately an convert|8|mi|km|sing=on diameter semi-loop around downtown. Another loop is formed by the Bert Kouns Industrial Loop, (Louisiana Highway 526) and circles further south bisecting Interstate 49.
Shreveport lies along the route of the proposed
Interstate 69 North American Free Trade Agreement(NAFTA) superhighway that will link Canada, the U.S. industrial Midwest, Texas, and Mexico.
Shreveport is served by two airports, the larger of which is the
Shreveport Regional Airport(SHV). Served by Allegiant: Las Vegas, Orlando (seasonal); American: Chicago, Dallas/ Ft. Worth; Continental: Houston; Delta: Atlanta, Cincinatti; and Northwest: detroit, Memphis. The second airport is Shreveport Downtown Airport(DTN). The Downtown Municipal Airport is a general aviation/reliever airport located north of the Downtown Business District. The airport is located along the Red River and is the original Shreveport commercial airport, dating back to 1931.
List of people from Shreveport
* [http://www.ci.shreveport.la.us/ City of Shreveport]
* [http://www.shreveport.com/ Shreveport/Bossier Live!]
* [http://www.shreveporttimes.com/ "The Times" newspaper]
* [http://www.shreveport.net/ Shreveport/Bossier Page]
* [http://www.srh.noaa.gov/shv/ National Weather Service Shreveport office]
* [http://www.shreveport-retrospective.info Shreveport Retrospective: history in photographs and postcards]
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