Devitrification

Devitrification

Devitrification is the opposite of vitrification, i.e., the process of crystallization in a formerly crystal-free (amorphous) glass.[1] The term is derived from the Latin vitreus, meaning glassy and transparent.[2]

Devitrification in glass art

Devitrification occurs in glass art during the firing process of fused glass whereby the surface of the glass develops a whitish scum, crazing, or wrinkles instead of a smooth glossy shine, as the molecules in the glass change their structure into that of crystalline solids. While this condition is normally undesired in glass art, it is possible to use devitrification as a deliberate artistic technique.[citation needed]

Causes of devitrification, commonly referred to as "devit", can include holding a high temperature for too long, which causes the nucleation of crystals. The presence of foreign residue such as dust on the surface of the glass or inside the kiln prior to firing can be a key nucleation points where crystals can propagate easily. The chemical compositions of some glass can make them more vulnerable to devitrification than other glass, for example a high lime content can be factor in inducing this condition. In general opaque glass can devit easily as crystals are present in the glass to give its opaque appearance and thus the higher the chance it might devit. Consequently, clear uncolored glass is least likely to devit.[citation needed]

Techniques for avoiding devitrification include cleaning the glass surfaces of dust or unwanted residue, and allowing rapid cooling once the piece reaches the desired temperature, until the temperature approaches the annealing temperature. Devit spray can be purchased to apply to the surfaces of the glass pieces prior to firing which is supposed to help prevent devitrification, however there is disagreement over the long term effectiveness of this solution and whether it should be used as a substitute for proper firing techniques.[citation needed]

Once devit has occurred, there are techniques that can be attempted to fix it, with varying degrees of success. One technique is to cover the surface with a sheet of clear glass and refiring. Since devitrification can change the COE somewhat, and devitrified glass tends to be somewhat harder to melt again, there is the possibility of this technique resulting in a less stable piece, however it has also been used effectively with full-fused pieces with no apparent problems. Applying devit spray and refiring can also be effective. Alternatively, sandblasting, acid bath, or polishing with a pumice stone or rotary brush can be used to remove the unwanted surface.[citation needed]

External links

References

  1. ^ Werner Vogel: "Glass Chemistry"; Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH & Co. K; 2nd revised edition (November 1994), ISBN 3540575723
  2. ^ see Wiktionary under vitreous

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  • devitrification — GLOSSARY OF VOLCANIC TERMS The solid state transformation of volcanic glass into crystalline materials (AGI, 1976, p. 117). Devitrification tends to be more prevalent in densely welded tuffs, but may also occur in less densely welded or unwelded… …   Glossary of volcanic terms

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  • devitrification — (|)dē+ noun Etymology: French dévitrification, from dévitrifier : the action or process of devitrifying or state of being devitrified; specifically : the conversion of glassy matter into crystalline (as by slow cooling or by pressure, action of… …   Useful english dictionary

  • devitrification — noun see devitrify …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • devitrification — noun The formation of small crystals in a glass as a result of slow cooling from the molten state …   Wiktionary

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