A Song dynasty Celadon vase with crazing glaze

Crazing is a network of fine cracks on the surface of a material, for example in a glaze layer.

Crazing is a phenomenon that frequently precedes fracture in some glassy thermoplastic polymers. Crazing occurs in regions of high hydrostatic tension, or in regions of very localized yielding, which leads to the formation of interpenetrating microvoids and small fibrils. If an applied tensile load is sufficient, these bridges elongate and break, causing the microvoids to grow and coalesce; as microvoids coalesce, cracks begin to form.



A craze is different from a crack in that it can continue to support a load. Furthermore, the process of craze growth prior to cracking absorbs fracture energy and effectively increases the fracture toughness of a polymer. The initial energy absorption per square meter in a craze region has been found to be up to several hundred times that of the uncrazed region, but quickly decreases and levels off. Crazes form at highly stressed regions associated with scratches, flaws, stress concentrations and molecular inhomogeneities. Crazes generally propagate perpendicular to the applied tension. Crazing occurs mostly in amorphous, brittle polymers like PS, PMMA, and polycarbonate; it is typified by a whitening of the crazed region. The white colour is caused by light-scattering from the crazes.

One of the main differences between crazing and shear banding, another form of stress deformation, is that crazing occurs with an increase in volume, which shear banding does not. This means that under compression, many of these brittle, amorphous polymers will shear band rather than craze, as there is a contraction of volume instead of an increase. In addition, when crazing occurs, one will typically not observe "necking," or concentration of force upon one spot in a material. Rather, crazing will occur homogeneously throughout the material.

Rubber toughening

Crazing occurs in some thermoplastics such as ABS plastic when stressed. It is a typical response in rubber toughening, where crazes are initiated at the surfaces of the rubber particles added to toughen the material.


Crazing is also seen on single ply roofing membranes, and on concrete when good concrete practices are not followed.


Crazing is a fault of glazed ceramic. Characterised as a spider web pattern of cracks penetrating the glaze it is caused by tensile stresses greater than the glaze is able to withstand.[1][2]


Crazing is also used as a term in odontology to describe fine cracks in the enamel of teeth.


  1. ^ ”Ceramics Glaze Technology.” J.R.Taylor, A.C.Bull. Institute Of Ceramics / Pergamon Press. 1986.
  2. ^ Ceramic Glazes. 3rd edition. Parmelee C. W. The Maple Press Company. 1973

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Crazing — Craz ing, p. pr. & vb. n. of {Craze}, v. Hence: n. Fine cracks resulting from shrinkage on the surface of glazed pottery, concrete, or other material. The admired crackle in some Oriental potteries and porcelains is crazing produced in a foreseen …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • crazing — A form of heat damage that occurs to transparent thermoplastic material. Canopies, side glasses, etc. are made of thermoplastic materials. Crazing manifests itself as a series of tiny, hairline cracks in the surface of the plastic. Crazing makes… …   Aviation dictionary

  • Crazing — Craze Craze (kr[=a]z), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Crazed} (kr[=a]zd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Crazing}.] [OE. crasen to break, fr. Scand., perh. through OF.; cf. Sw. krasa to crackle, sl[*a] i kras, to break to pieces, F. [ e]craser to crush, fr. the Scand.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • crazing — trūkinėjimas statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Netvarkingo siaurų plyšių tinklo atsiradimas kūno paviršiuje. atitikmenys: angl. crazing vok. Bersten, n; Rissbildung, f; Rissigwerden, n rus. растрескивание, n pranc.… …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • crazing mill — noun A mill for crushing tin ore • • • Main Entry: ↑craze …   Useful english dictionary

  • Crazing-mill — Craze mill Craze mill (kr[=a]z m[i^]l ), Crazing mill Craz ing mill (kr? z?ng ), n. [See 1st {Craze}.] A mill for grinding tin ore. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • crazing — In dentistry, the appearance of minute cracks on the surface of plastic restorations such as filling materials, denture teeth, or denture bases. * * * craz·ing krāz iŋ n the formation of minute cracks (as in acrylic resin teeth) usu. attributed… …   Medical dictionary

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  • crazing —    A network of cracks which sometimes forms in ceramic glazes; crackle. It may be desirable or not, depending on the artist s wishes. It is caused by the glaze and clay body contracting at different rates as they cool after firing …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • crazing — Many fine cracks in the paint surface, resembling crow s feet. It is similar to checking, but more sever, where fine lines or cracks appear in the paint …   Dictionary of automotive terms

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