- Calvert Island (British Columbia)
Calvert Island is an
islandon the coast of the Canadian province of British Columbia. It is located on Queen Charlotte Sound, about convert|100|km|mi north of the town of Port Hardy at the north end of Vancouver Island. The island is located within the Central Coast Regional District.
A number of smaller islands lie just north of Calvert Island, across Kwakshua Channel, the largest of which is Hecate Island. Hakai Passage separates the islands around Calvert Island from those around Hunter Island to the north. To the east Fitz Hugh Sound, part of the
Inside Passage, separates Calvert Island from the mainland. The mouth of Rivers Inletis east of the southern end of Calvert Island.
Calvert Island is convert|32|km|mi long and ranges in width from convert|3|km|mi to convert|16|km|mi. It is convert|161|km2|sqmi in area. The island reaches convert|1045|m|ft in elevation. Hecate Island is convert|44|km2|sqmi in area. [ [http://www.bartleby.com/69/20/C00920.html Calvert Island] , The Columbia Gazetteer of North America]
Calvert Island was named in 1788 by Charles Duncan, captain of the fur trading vessel "Princess Royal". The name probably honors the Calvert family, and perhaps specifically Lord Cecil Calvert, second Baron of Baltimore. The name was retained by
George Vancouverand published as such on his maps. [BCGNIS|26741|Calvert Island]
The traditional territory of the
Heiltsukincluded Calvert Island, and extended north along Dean Channel and Burke Channel, and along the coastal islands to Milbanke Sound. Archaeological evidence indicates many thousands of years of habitation in the region. [ [http://www.hcec.ca/heiltsuk.html Historical Notes on the Bella Bella Heiltsuk] , The Heiltsuk Cultural Education Centre]
In July, 1788, the the British fur trader Charles Duncan arrived in the region of Calvert Island. He anchored his ship, the "Princess Royal", in Milbanke Sound, then worked his way south, trading with the
Heiltsukand exploring what was then unknown waters to the British. He passed through Hakai Passage into Fitz Hugh Sound, then anchored on the east coast of Calvert Island in Safety Cove. After a brief stay he continued south to Vancouver Island.cite book |last= Galois |first= Robert |title= Voyage to the Northwest Side of America: The Journals of James Colnett, 1786-89 |year= 2004 |publisher= University of British Columbia (UBC) Press |isbn= 9780774808552 |pages= p. 17 online at [http://books.google.com/books?id=WX9HiIsiMZgC Google Books] ]
Just north of Calvert Island in Hakai Pass is the Hakai Luxvbalis Conservancy Area. At more than convert|1200|km2|acre of land and sea, it is the largest provincial marine protected area on the British Columbia coast. [ [http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/bcparks/explore/parkpgs/hakai_luxv.html Hakai Luxvbalis Conservancy Area] , Ministry of Environment]
Hakai Provincial Recreation Area, 50,707 ha in size, includes the northern part of Calvert Island and the southern part of Hunter Island, as well as numerous smaller islands in the area. [ [http://ilmbwww.gov.bc.ca/north/pas/gap_eco/hel/HEL_ecosummary2001.htm Hecate Lowland Ecosection Summary] , Integrated Land Management Bureau]
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