- Unione Nazionale
Unione Nazionale (Italian for "National Union") was a pro-fascist Italian Catholic political party during the 1920s, the first of several "Clerico-Fascist" political organizations established within the decade. [Blinkhorn, 1990, p. 32.] The party was established with the permission of
Pope Pius XI, dealing the final blow to the anti-fascist Catholic Italian People's Party. [Atkin and Tallett, 2003, p. 206.] [Pollard, 1996, p. 81.]
The Unione Nazionale's membership primary came from aristocratic and pro-monarchist Catholics in
Turin, Milan, and Naples, along with members of the Black Nobility, and these groups represented over half of the signatories of the parties April 1923 manifesto. [Blinkhorn, 1990, p. 34.] Pollard describes the Unione Nazionale as "essentially an aristocratic clique." [Pollard, 1996, p. 82.] Its manifesto credited fascism with the goal of establishing "a lasting social Christian and Italian order." [Blinkhorn, 1990, p. 42.]
According to the pro-Fascist "
Il Momento" of Turin, the party was notorious for its "hostility towards the works and towards trade unionorganizations." [Blinkhorn, 1990, p. 35.]
The Unione Nazionale, and the similar
Centro Nazionale, supported the Fascist list in the March 1929 elections, only to virtually disappear from the political map after the conclusion of the Lateran treaties.Blinkhorn, 1990, p. 44.] The Centro Nazionale dissolved in the summer of 1930, leaving the Unione Nazionale as the sole remaining "Clerico-Fascist" political party.
*Atkin, Nicholas, and Tallett, Frank. 2003. "Priests, Prelates, and People: A History of European Catholicism Since 1750". Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195219872
*Blinkhorn, Martin. 1990. "Fascists and Conservatives: The Radical Right and the Establishment in twentieth-century Europe". Routledge. ISBN 0049400878
*Pollard, John. 1996. "Italy" in "Political Catholicism in Europe, 1918-1965". Eds. Torn Buchanan and Martin Conway. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198203195
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