- Lepidium oleraceum
Lepidium oleraceum Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked): Angiosperms (unranked): Eudicots (unranked): Rosids Order: Brassicales Family: Brassicaceae Genus: Lepidium Species: L. oleraceum Binomial name Lepidium oleraceum
G.Forst. ex Sparrm.
There are three recognised varieties:
- var. frondosum Kirk
- var. acutidentatum Kirk
- var. serrulatum Thell.
In New Zealand it is native to coastal areas of the North and South Islands, Stewart Island, the Three Kings Islands, the Snares Islands, the Chatham Islands, the Auckland Islands, the Antipodes Islands and the Bounty Islands. Although this species was once widespread, it is now mostly restricted to off-shore rock stacks and islets. 
The small populations are highly threatened, one of the reasons being reduced populations of seabirds which they are dependent on to provide highly fertile and disturbed soils associated with nesting grounds. Additionally the species is susceptible to browsing by livestock, rodents, snails, and insect herbivores such as aphids, leaf miners, the diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella), and the small cabbage white butterfly (Pieris rapae). It is also affected by white rust, a fungus-like disease caused by the oomycete Albugo candida. 
Connection with James Cook
During his voyages of exploration James Cook collected a number of plant species at various locations which were used to help ward off scurvy amongst his crew. While visiting Tolaga Bay in New Zealand on his first voyage, Cook noted in his journal on 27 October 1769: "...the other place I landed at was the north point of the Bay where I got as much Sellery and Scurvy grass as loaded the Boat". Historian John Cawte Beaglehole believed that "Scurvy grass" in this case referred to Lepidium oleraceum.. Specimens of the plant were collected by botanists Johann and Georg Forster on Cook's second voyage. 
- ^ "New Zealand Flora". http://nzflora.landcareresearch.co.nz/default.aspx?NameID=Landcareresearch.co.nz/PS1/NK/225615. Retrieved 2008-04-28.
- ^ a b "Flora of New Zealand: Taxa". http://floraseries.landcareresearch.co.nz/pages/Taxon.aspx?id=_265b6c83-9bf3-41e2-af86-fe8a4c971a5f&fileName=Flora%201.xml. Retrieved 2008-04-28.
- ^ "Amey et al.—Lepidium oleraceum on Bounty Islands". http://www.rsnz.org/publish/nzjb/2007/006.php. Retrieved 2007-04-28. [dead link]
- ^ a b "Conservation genetics of threatened plants". Landcare Research. http://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/research/biocons/genetics/projects/plant_conservation.asp. Retrieved 2008-04-29.
- ^ a b Lange, P.J.; D.A. Norton (1996). "To what New Zealand plant does the vernacular "scurvy grass" refer?". New Zealand Journal of Botany 34: 417–420. http://www.rsnz.org/publish/nzjb/1996/152.pdf. Retrieved 2008-04-29. [dead link]
- ^ "Lepidium oleraceum". Type collection of Lomonosov Moscow State University (MW). http://herba.msu.ru/pictures/mw_type/dicot/brassicac/00000113.html. Retrieved 2008-04-29.
- ^ "Lepidium oleraceum - Plants For A Future database report". http://www.pfaf.org/database/plants.php?Lepidium+oleraceum. Retrieved 2008-04-28.
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