Open matte

Open matte
A frame from a 35mm film print. Here, the picture is framed for the intended theatrical aspect ratio (inside the yellow box). Picture outside the yellow box is matted out when the film is shown in widescreen. For 4:3 television versions, a large portion of the picture can be used (inside the red box) with an open matte.

Open matte is a filming technique that involves matting out the top and bottom of the film frame in the movie projector (known as a soft matte) for the widescreen theatrical release and then scanning the film without a matte (at Academy ratio) for a full screen home video release.

Usually, non-anamorphic 4-perf films are filmed directly on the entire full frame silent aperture gate (1.33:1). When a married print is created, this frame is slightly re-cropped by the frame line and optical soundtrack down to Academy ratio (1.37:1). The movie projector then uses an aperture mask to soft matte the Academy frame to the intended aspect ratio (1.85:1 or 1.66:1). When the 4:3 fullscreen video master is created, many filmmakers may prefer to use the full Academy frame (open matte) instead of creating a pan and scan version from within the 1.85 framing. Because the framing is increased vertically in the open matte process, the decision to use it needs to be made prior to shooting, so that the camera operator can frame for 1.85:1 and "protect" for 4:3; otherwise unintended objects such as boom microphones, cables, and light stands may appear in the open matte frame, thus requiring some amount of pan and scan in some or all scenes. Additionally, the unmatted 4:3 version will often throw off an otherwise tightly-framed shot and add an inordinate amount of headroom above actors (particularly with 1.85:1).

The standardization of widescreen TVs and the growing use of 3-perforation 35mm film (with an aspect ratio of 1.78:1) to save on film costs has made the open matte process less popular in recent years.

Many films over the years have used this technique, the most prominent of which include Schindler's List and Top Gun. Stanley Kubrick also used this technique for his last five films.

See also



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Open Matte — Beispiel mit leichtem Verzug des Bildausschnittes nach oben Open Matte [əʊpn̩ˈ mæt] (engl. „offen matt“ (wörtlich), offene Maske ) ist eine Demaskierung des Filmbildes für die Darstellung im 4:3 Vollbildformat. Das Negativ Bildformat eines 35mm… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • open matte — adjective Of a soft matte film, transferred to a home video format with the full frame exposed, thus having the theatrical mattes removed. an open matte DVD Ant: closed matte …   Wiktionary

  • Matte — may refer to: In film: Matte (filmmaking), filmmaking and video production technology Matte painting, a process of creating sets used in film and video Matte box, a camera accessory for controlling lens glare Open matte, a filming technique that… …   Wikipedia

  • Matte (filmmaking) — For the technique of creating backgrounds, see matte painting. For other uses, see Matte (disambiguation). Mattes are used in photography and special effects filmmaking to combine two or more image elements into a single, final image. Usually,… …   Wikipedia

  • Matte — Die Matte (v. latein. matta „Decke“) bezeichnet: Matte (Unterleger), eine Decke, eine Unterlage oder einen Bodenbelag Matte (Sport), eine schützende Unterlage beim Turnen, Kampfsportarten, Gymnastik usw. Betonstahlmatte, Baustahlmatte, ein Gitter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Open du Brésil 1977 (WTA) — Nom de l édition Colgate BraZil Open Date Du 17 au 23 octobre&# …   Wikipédia en Français

  • soft matte — adjective That the full frame is filled, and the projectionist is relied upon to matte out the top and bottom of the frame in the theatrical projector. Ant: hard matte See Also: closed matte, open matte, spherical, Super 35 …   Wiktionary

  • closed matte — adjective Of a soft matte film, transferred to a home video format, especially DVD, with the theatrical mattes intact. a closed matte DVD Ant: open matte …   Wiktionary

  • Pan and scan — is one method of adjusting widescreen film images so that they can be shown within the proportions of a standard definition 4:3 aspect ratio television screen, often cropping off the sides of the original widescreen image to focus on the… …   Wikipedia

  • 4:3 — Unter Seitenverhältnis im weiteren Sinne versteht man das Verhältnis von mindestens zwei unterschiedlich langen Seiten eines Polygons. Meistens wird damit das Verhältnis von der Breite eines Rechtecks, eines Bildschirms oder einer Leinwand zu… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”